How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Appelbaum FR (2001) Haematopoietic cell transplantation as immunotherapy. Nature 411:385–389
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayon R, Jenkins M (2010) The business of biodiversity. Nature 466:184–185
A journal article with 3 authors
Gershman SJ, Horvitz EJ, Tenenbaum JB (2015) Computational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines. Science 349:273–278
A journal article with 5 or more authors
McHugh TJ, Jones MW, Quinn JJ, et al (2007) Dentate gyrus NMDA receptors mediate rapid pattern separation in the hippocampal network. Science 317:94–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhardt H-W (2010) Ingenieurbaustoffe. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S (eds) (2011) Mergers & Acquisitions in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Reid C, Collins J, Singh M (2014) Global Teachers’ Pathways to Australia. In: Collins J, Singh M (eds) Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee. Springer, Singapore, pp 65–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New System Turns Salty Groundwater Into Drinking Water Using Solar Power. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-system-uses-sun-turn-salty-groundwater-drinking-water/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Selected Contracting and Consulting Activities of the Office of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuno ZS (2012) Visible and mid-infrared optical studies of plasmon and phonon resonant nanoparticles using apertureless near-field scanning optical microscopy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) After Unceremonious Exit, Indian Wells Tournament Moves On. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Appelbaum 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Appelbaum 2001; Bayon and Jenkins 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayon and Jenkins 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (McHugh et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles