How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J (2000) PLANT GENETICS:From Genome to Functional Genomics. Science 288:1715a
A journal article with 2 authors
Evans JA, Foster JG (2011) Metaknowledge. Science 331:721–725
A journal article with 3 authors
Hatano T, Stopa M, Tarucha S (2005) Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science 309:268–271
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Seibold G, Di Castro C, Grilli M, Lorenzana J (2014) Spin excitations of ferronematic order in underdoped cuprate superconductors. Sci Rep 4:5319

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glaser R (2015) Symmetry, Spectroscopy, and Crystallography. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Storch EA, Lewin AB (eds) (2016) Clinical Handbook of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders: A Case-Based Approach to Treating Pediatric and Adult Populations. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rose S, van der Laan MJ (2011) Introduction to TMLE. In: Rose S (ed) Targeted Learning: Causal Inference for Observational and Experimental Data. Springer, New York, NY, pp 67–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Mysterious Denisovan Humans Were More Genetically Diverse Than Neanderthals. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Aviation Finance: Distribution of Airport Grant Funds Complied with Statutory Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrlich A (2010) Transparency and medical interventions in vital statistics reports: Quantitative research and analysis. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times 14LI6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser 2000; Evans and Foster 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evans and Foster 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Seibold et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles