How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oppenheim J (2006) Physics. Implementing a quantum computation by free falling. Science 311:1106–1107
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson RI, Nicoll RA (2001) Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature 410:588–592
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans L, Püntener D, Helenius A (2002) Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science 296:535–539
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ovchinnikov IV, Götherström A, Romanova GP, et al (2000) Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature 404:490–493

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey R (2013) A Dictionary of Varieties of English. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken
An edited book
Yeluri R (2014) Building the Infrastructure for Cloud Security: A Solutions view. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Chesko J, Vedvick T, Reed S (2013) Development of Biophysical Assays to Better Understand Adjuvanted Vaccine Formulation Potency and Stability. In: Singh M (ed) Novel Immune Potentiators and Delivery Technologies for Next Generation Vaccines. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 107–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Global Temperature Increase of 1 Degree Caused Sea Level Rise of 6 Meters. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/global-temperature-increase-1-degree-caused-sea-level-rises-6-meters/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Public Education: Commercial Activities in Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuñez EM (2017) Getting H.I.P. with First-Generation College Students: Decolonizing the High Impact Practice Movement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Verkuil PR (2016) The Case for Bureaucracy. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oppenheim 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson and Nicoll 2001; Oppenheim 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Nicoll 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ovchinnikov et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles