How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D (2000) Industrial solvents: clean and green...but are they mean? Nature 407:938–940
A journal article with 2 authors
Thorsteinsdóttir H, Sáenz TW (2012) History of science. Tackling meningitis in Africa. Science 338:1546–1547
A journal article with 3 authors
Nygård J, Cobden DH, Lindelof PE (2000) Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature 408:342–346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wible JR, Rougier GW, Novacek MJ, Asher RJ (2007) Cretaceous eutherians and Laurasian origin for placental mammals near the K/T boundary. Nature 447:1003–1006

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society (2013) Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2014. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Altrock U, Schoon S (eds) (2014) Maturing Megacities: The Pearl River Delta in Progressive Transformation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
da Silva A, Lechevallier Y, de Carvalho F (2009) Comparing Clustering on Symbolic Data. In: Nedjah N, Macedo Mourelle L de, Kacprzyk J, et al. (eds) Intelligent Text Categorization and Clustering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 81–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Flossing Gave This Woman A Knee Infection. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-flossing-gave-woman-knee-infection/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Alternatives for Funding a GI Bill. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rafibakhsh N (2013) Industrial Applications of Microsoft Xbox Kinect Sensor. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble J (2017) Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2000; Thorsteinsdóttir and Sáenz 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thorsteinsdóttir and Sáenz 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wible et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Toxicology

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