How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lane J (2009) Science innovation. Assessing the impact of science funding. Science 324:1273–1275
A journal article with 2 authors
Barouch DH, Deeks SG (2014) Immunologic strategies for HIV-1 remission and eradication. Science 345:169–174
A journal article with 3 authors
Zenisek D, Steyer JA, Almers W (2000) Transport, capture and exocytosis of single synaptic vesicles at active zones. Nature 406:849–854
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu X, Zhang Y, Goswami DK, et al (2005) The controlled evolution of a polymer single crystal. Science 307:1763–1766

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu W, Pecht M (2005) IC Component Sockets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ratha NK, Govindaraju V (eds) (2008) Advances in Biometrics: Sensors, Algorithms and Systems. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Droop M, Flarer M, Groppe J, et al (2007) Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries. In: Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P (eds) On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 9–10

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Breakthrough In Quantum Computing Using Silicon Material. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munz JA (2017) Assessing the Value of Educational Competencies of Healthcare Leaders and Organizational Factors: A Case Study Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yanagihara H (2017) Nowhere Man. New York Times M2128

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lane 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lane 2009; Barouch and Deeks 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barouch and Deeks 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles