How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mouillet D (2004) Astronomy. Nearby planetary disks. Science 303:1982–1983
A journal article with 2 authors
Rickman C, Bickmore WA (2013) Transcription. Flashing a light on the spatial organization of transcription. Science 341:621–622
A journal article with 3 authors
Park S-H, Zarrinpar A, Lim WA (2003) Rewiring MAP kinase pathways using alternative scaffold assembly mechanisms. Science 299:1061–1064
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ramachandran N, Hainsworth E, Bhullar B, et al (2004) Self-assembling protein microarrays. Science 305:86–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq RS, Moretto LA (2015) Writing Reports to Get Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Fromm MF, Kim RB (eds) (2011) Drug Transporters. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (2012) Despre Meta-Net. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) The Romanian Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Chinese Volunteers Complete 180-Day Mock Deep Space Mission. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Analysis of NASA’s Supplemental FY 1979 Budget Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapple CM (2015) A: Application of Polymeric Quaternary Ammonium Surfactant Clay Intercalates in Triphase Catalysis B: Effect of Various Compatibilizers in Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodstein L, Shear MD (2017) Trump’s Order on Religious Liberty Pleases Some, but Lets Down Conservatives. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mouillet 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mouillet 2004; Rickman and Bickmore 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rickman and Bickmore 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ramachandran et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles