How to format your references using the Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner S (2014) Retrospective. Frederick Sanger (1918-2013). Science 343:262
A journal article with 2 authors
Sirotin YB, Das A (2009) Anticipatory haemodynamic signals in sensory cortex not predicted by local neuronal activity. Nature 457:475–479
A journal article with 3 authors
Ingle NJC, Beasley MR, Geballe TH (2002) Superconductivity in a spin-ladder cuprate. Science 295:1967
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thyme SB, Jarjour J, Takeuchi R, et al (2009) Exploitation of binding energy for catalysis and design. Nature 461:1300–1304

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leddra M (2010) Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kox AJ (ed) (2009) The Scientific Correspondence of H. A. Lorentz: Volume I. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Rose DH, Lapinski S (2011) What Can Technology Learn from the Brain? In: Gray T, Silver-Pacuilla H (eds) Breakthrough Teaching and Learning: How Educational and Assistive Technologies are Driving Innovation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Here Are The 6 Questions That Can Reveal Whether You Have Adult ADHD. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Costs and Planned Use of Emergency Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson KL (2017) Putting together the pieces of a social cognition deficit: A retrospective case study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2007) Hotel Rooms Become Overnight Stars. New York Times AR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sirotin and Das 2009; Brenner 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sirotin and Das 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Thyme et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0090-4341
ISSN (online)1432-0703
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles