How to format your references using the Annals of Tropical Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gühr M. Chemistry. Getting molecular electrons into motion. Science. 2012 Mar 16;335(6074):1314–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Veiseh O, Langer R. Diabetes: A smart insulin patch. Nature. 2015 Aug 6;524(7563):39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jenkins N, Saam JR, Mango SE. CYK-4/GAP provides a localized cue to initiate anteroposterior polarity upon fertilization. Science. 2006 Sep 1;313(5791):1298–301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hungate BA, Dukes JS, Shaw MR, Luo Y, Field CB. Atmospheric science. Nitrogen and climate change. Science. 2003 Nov 28;302(5650):1512–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Giesbrecht FG, Gumpertz ML. Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments: Giesbrecht/Comparative Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
1.
Gavrilova ML, Gervasi O, Kumar V, Tan CJK, Taniar D, Laganá A, et al., editors. Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2006: International Conference, Glasgow, UK, May 8-11, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XXVI, 1191 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3983).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liu W, Cai W, Cui B, Wang M. Synthetic Evaluation Method of Electronic Visual Display Terminal Visual Performance Based on the Letter Search Task. In: Shumaker R, Lackey S, editors. Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 7th International Conference, VAMR 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 30–8. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tropical Paediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Beautiful Biofluorescent Eels Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/beautiful-biofluorescent-eels-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Uncertainty Remains about the Bureau’s Readiness for a Key Decennial Census Test. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Nov. Report No.: GAO-17-221T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Maitland J. Differences in Perceived Organizational Justice Based Upon Overall Performance Appraisal Ratings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mccain J. We Must Support Human Rights. New York Times. 2017 May 8;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tropical Paediatrics
AbbreviationAnn. Trop. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)0272-4936
ISSN (online)1465-3281
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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