How to format your references using the Progress in Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman SA. Physico-genetic determinants in the evolution of development. Science 2012;338:217–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schindler CS, Jacobsen EN. Chemistry. A new twist on cooperative catalysis. Science 2013;340:1052–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Z-Z, Zhang F-C, Wang Q-H. Majorana modes in a topological insulator/s-wave superconductor heterostructure. Sci Rep 2014;4:6363.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fouchier RAM, Kuiken T, Schutten M, van Amerongen G, van Doornum GJJ, van den Hoogen BG, et al. Aetiology: Koch’s postulates fulfilled for SARS virus. Nature 2003;423:240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari S. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Plaisance KS, Reydon TAC, editors. Philosophy of Behavioral Biology. vol. 282. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Oren N. Argument Schemes for Normative Practical Reasoning. In: Black E, Modgil S, Oren N, editors. Theory and Applications of Formal Argumentation: Second International Workshop, TAFA 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-5, 2013, Revised Selected papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Polymer Science.

Blog post
Davis J. Surging Testosterone Levels May Cause Market Bubbles. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Information on the Federal Role in Funding the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner M. Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley M. Nagging NATO. New York Times 2017:SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Polymer Science
AbbreviationProg. Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0079-6700
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Ceramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles