How to format your references using the Progress in Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mackman N. Triggers, targets and treatments for thrombosis. Nature 2008;451:914–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Binder GK, Griffin DE. Interferon-gamma-mediated site-specific clearance of alphavirus from CNS neurons. Science 2001;293:303–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nowak MA, Komarova NL, Niyogi P. Evolution of universal grammar. Science 2001;291:114–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wikramanayake AH, Hong M, Lee PN, Pang K, Byrum CA, Bince JM, et al. An ancient role for nuclear beta-catenin in the evolution of axial polarity and germ layer segregation. Nature 2003;426:446–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ellis H, Lawson A. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Biesta G, De Bie M, Wildemeersch D, editors. Civic Learning, Democratic Citizenship and the Public Sphere. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bezerra LCT, López-Ibáñez M, Stützle T. To DE or Not to DE? Multi-objective Differential Evolution Revisited from a Component-Wise Perspective. In: Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC, editors. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Polymer Science.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. NASA Successfully Tests New Flexible Airplane Wings. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/nasa-successfully-tests-secret-flexible-airplane-wings/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Flamenco E. A financial abuse prevention program for older adults: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Mets Fix Duda’s Swing, With Help From an Angel. New York Times 2017:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Polymer Science
AbbreviationProg. Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0079-6700
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Ceramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Surfaces and Interfaces

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