How to format your references using the IEEE Industry Applications Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. G. Elmegreen, “Astronomy. Dark matter in galactic collisional debris,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5828, pp. 1132–1133, May 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Irwing and R. Lynn, “Intelligence: is there a sex difference in IQ scores?,” Nature, vol. 442, no. 7098, pp. E1; discussion E1-2, Jul. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Domnisoru, A. A. Kinkhabwala, and D. W. Tank, “Membrane potential dynamics of grid cells,” Nature, vol. 495, no. 7440, pp. 199–204, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. I. Mitchell, N. Zhou, W. Nam, L. M. Traverso, and X. Xu, “Sub-diffraction laser synthesis of silicon nanowires,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3908, Jan. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Tatham and K. Morton, Developments in Speech Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
J. J. Barbara, Ed., Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Janvier, C. Bellieni, and K. Barrington, “Neonates Are Devalued Compared to Older Patients,” in Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies, E. Verhagen and A. Janvier, Eds., in International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2016, pp. 25–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Badly-Designed Animal Experiments Might Over Exaggerate Benefits Of New Drugs Trialed,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Supply Chain Security: CBP Needs to Conduct Regular Assessments of Its Cargo Targeting System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-9, Oct. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. M. Tiedemann-Fuller, “A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Goldstein, “Inside a Jail in Brooklyn, The Women Live in Fear,” New York Times, p. A16, Aug. 01, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.
ISSN (print)1077-2618
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles