How to format your references using the IEEE Industry Applications Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Kontos, “Quantum physics: single electrons take the bus,” Nature, vol. 477, no. 7365, p. 414, Sep. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. H. Yun and K. Hiom, “CtIP-BRCA1 modulates the choice of DNA double-strand-break repair pathway throughout the cell cycle,” Nature, vol. 459, no. 7245, pp. 460–463, May 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Yurtsever, R. M. van der Veen, and A. H. Zewail, “Subparticle ultrafast spectrum imaging in 4D electron microscopy,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6064, pp. 59–64, Jan. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Rodrigues-Martins, M. Riparbelli, G. Callaini, D. M. Glover, and M. Bettencourt-Dias, “Revisiting the role of the mother centriole in centriole biogenesis,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5827, pp. 1046–1050, May 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. G. Speight, Coal-Fired Power Generation Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
J.-P. Peulvast, Landforms and Landscape Evolution of the Equatorial Margin of Northeast Brazil: An Overview. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Patel, “Future Trends in Large Data Handling,” in Evolution of Cyber Technologies and Operations to 2035, M. Blowers, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Does This Octopus Have Nine Arms?,” IFLScience, 16-Oct-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Social Security: Telephone Busy Signal Rates at Local SSA Field Offices,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-93-49, Mar. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Geist, “The marriage economy: Examining the economic impact and the context of marriage in comparative perspective,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Whiteside, “In Family’s Footsteps, Minor Takes Big Stage,” New York Times, p. B11, 29-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.
ISSN (print)1077-2618
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles