How to format your references using the IEEE Industry Applications Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. F. Michaels, “Ocean science. Highly active eddies,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5827, pp. 992–993, May 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Lam and S. Keeney, “Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6263, pp. 932–937, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. C. Garner, C. S. Campbell, and R. D. Mullins, “Dynamic instability in a DNA-segregating prokaryotic actin homolog,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5698, pp. 1021–1025, Nov. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. N. Peplowski et al., “Radioactive elements on Mercury’s surface from MESSENGER: implications for the planet’s formation and evolution,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6051, pp. 1850–1852, Sep. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Z. Wu, Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2007.
An edited book
L. Pronzato, Design of Experiments in Nonlinear Models: Asymptotic Normality, Optimality Criteria and Small-Sample Properties, vol. 212. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
A. T. Da Poian and M. A. R. B. Castanho, “The Regulation of Metabolisms,” in Integrative Human Biochemistry: A Textbook for Medical Biochemistry, M. A. R. B. Castanho, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2015, pp. 157–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Parkinson’s Therapy Revived After 20 Years,” IFLScience, May 27, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Government in Early Stages of Transition and Key Challenges Remain,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-675, Jun. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. R. Powell, “Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, “THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: A Photo Opportunity; Serendipity or Not, Truck Full of Spuds Becomes a Star,” New York Times, p. A18, Jul. 23, 1992.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.
ISSN (print)1077-2618
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles