How to format your references using the IEEE Industry Applications Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Venkatraman, “Working life. The space roboticist,” Science, vol. 349, no. 6245, p. 338, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. W. Wilhite and E. A. Fong, “Scientific publications. Coercive citation in academic publishing,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6068, pp. 542–543, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Heimpel, J. Aurnou, and J. Wicht, “Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on Jupiter in a deep convection model,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7065, pp. 193–196, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. A. Federzoni, M. Humbert, B. E. Torbett, G. Behre, M. F. Fey, and M. P. Tschan, “CEBPA-dependent HK3 and KLF5 expression in primary AML and during AML differentiation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4261, Mar. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Allin and D. J. Hand, The Wellbeing of Nations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
A. Omelchenko, A. A. Pivovarov, and W. J. Swindall, Eds., Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine 19–22 November 2003, vol. 48. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Li, W. Yang, Y. Xu, J. Wang, and L. Huang, “A Real Time Wireless Interactive Multimedia System,” in Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part I, F. Li, K. Shim, K. Zheng, and G. Liu, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “What Happens When You Mix Coca-Cola With Liquid Nitrogen?,” IFLScience, Dec. 01, 2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-90-4, Dec. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Schenkelberg, “Cultural competence training: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. G. Gustines, “The Joker in the Deck: Birth of a Supervillain,” New York Times, p. C2, Oct. 05, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.
ISSN (print)1077-2618
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles