How to format your references using the IEEE Industry Applications Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. D. Hare, “Ecology. How insect herbivores drive the evolution of plants,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6103, pp. 50–51, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kurtz and K. Franz, “Innate defence: evidence for memory in invertebrate immunity,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6953, pp. 37–38, Sep. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. P. Klaholz, A. G. Myasnikov, and M. Van Heel, “Visualization of release factor 3 on the ribosome during termination of protein synthesis,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6977, pp. 862–865, Feb. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Liu et al., “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6975, pp. 615–618, Feb. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Willatzen and L. C. Lew Yan Voon, Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011.
An edited book
B. Mohr, J. L. Träff, J. Worringen, and J. Dongarra, Eds., Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 13th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting Bonn, Germany, September 17-20, 2006 Proceedings, vol. 4192. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4192. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Sun, I.-H. Mkwawa, E. Jammeh, and E. Ifeachor, “Media Transport for VoIP,” in Guide to Voice and Video over IP: For Fixed and Mobile Networks, I.-H. Mkwawa, E. Jammeh, and E. Ifeachor, Eds., in Computer Communications and Networks. London: Springer, 2013, pp. 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industry Applications Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Images Of Pluto’s Moon Charon Show Huge Fractures And Hints Of Icy ‘Lava Flows,’” IFLScience, Oct. 08, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-158685, Jul. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. J. Hakes, “Off -campus work and its relationship to students’ experiences with faculty using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. G. Gustines, “Zombies Revived in a Walking Dead Digital Comic,” New York Times, p. C6, Apr. 21, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industry Applications Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.
ISSN (print)1077-2618
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles