# How to format your references using the Complex Analysis and Operator Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Analysis and Operator Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jasanoff, S.: Genome-sequencing anniversary. A living constitution. Science. 331, 872 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Uchida, M., Tonomura, A.: Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum. Nature. 464, 737–739 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mayadas, A.F., Bourne, J., Bacsich, P.: Online education today. Science. 323, 85–89 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Lioy, D.T., Garg, S.K., Monaghan, C.E., Raber, J., Foust, K.D., Kaspar, B.K., Hirrlinger, P.G., Kirchhoff, F., Bissonnette, J.M., Ballas, N., Mandel, G.: A role for glia in the progression of Rett’s syndrome. Nature. 475, 497–500 (2011)

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Silva Elipe, M.V.: LC-NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
1.
Dimitrijević, B. ed: Innovations for Sustainable Building Design and Refurbishment in Scotland: The Outputs of CIC Start Online Project. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kaneko, M., Izumi, H., Kitahara, K., Abe, T., Fukazawa, K., Sekiguchi, M., Tadokoro, Y., Yamashita, S., Takato, S.: A Simple Method of the ${\rm\kern-.15em T\kern-.1667em\lower.7ex\hbox{E}\kern-.125emX}$ Surface Drawing Suitable for Teaching Materials with the Aid of CAS. In: Bubak, M., Albada, G.D. van, Dongarra, J., and Sloot, P.M.A. (eds.) Computational Science – ICCS 2008: 8th International Conference, Kraków, Poland, June 23-25, 2008, Proceedings, Part II. pp. 35–45. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Analysis and Operator Theory.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: Stimulants In Dietary Supplements – When One Is Banned, Another Takes Its Place

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: SSA Services to Employers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carlson, L.: From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia,” (2010)

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Davis, J.H., Rappeport, A., Kelly, K., Abrams, R.: White House’s Tax Plan Puts Business at the Fore, (2017)

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].