How to format your references using the Complex Analysis and Operator Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Analysis and Operator Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Li, G.: On the safety of ITER accelerators. Sci. Rep. 3, 2602 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kidd, D.C., Castano, E.: Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science. 342, 377–380 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dong, H., Wen, B., Melnik, R.: Relative importance of grain boundaries and size effects in thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline materials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7037 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Lois, C., Hong, E.J., Pease, S., Brown, E.J., Baltimore, D.: Germline transmission and tissue-specific expression of transgenes delivered by lentiviral vectors. Science. 295, 868–872 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lueder, E.: 3D Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
1.
Hovers, E., Kuhn, S.L. eds: Transitions Before the Transition: Evolution and Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age. Springer US, Boston, MA (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hattab, G., Suisse, A.Y.T., Ilioaia, O., Casiraghi, M., Dezi, M., Warnet, X.L., Warschawski, D.E., Moncoq, K., Zoonens, M., Miroux, B.: Membrane Protein Production in Escherichia coli: Overview and Protocols. In: Mus-Veteau, I. (ed.) Membrane Proteins Production for Structural Analysis. pp. 87–106. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Analysis and Operator Theory.

Blog post
1.
Luntz, S.: Permian Era Had Two Mass Extinctions

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Tax Systems Modernization: Status of Planning and Technical Foundation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beard, J.A.: Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
O’connor, J.: Biking Through Badlands, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComplex Analysis and Operator Theory
AbbreviationComplex Anal. Oper. Theory
ISSN (print)1661-8254
ISSN (online)1661-8262
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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