How to format your references using the Economic Theory Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Theory Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nafie, L.A.: Physical chemistry: handedness detected by microwaves. Nature. 497, 446–448 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, C.R., Siwy, Z.S.: Chemistry. Learning nature’s way: biosensing with synthetic nanopores. Science. 317, 331–332 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, N., Xu, Y., Jiang, D.: High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 4, 7228 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bellafiore, S., Barneche, F., Peltier, G., Rochaix, J.-D.: State transitions and light adaptation require chloroplast thylakoid protein kinase STN7. Nature. 433, 892–895 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anwar, S., Carroll, J.J.: Carbon Dioxide Thermodynamic Properties Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Salsa, S.: A Primer on PDEs: Models, Methods, Simulations. Springer, Milano (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Barbosa, V.H.: Nonscarring Alopecias. In: Alexis, A.F. and Barbosa, V.H. (eds.) Skin of Color: A Practical Guide to Dermatologic Diagnosis and Treatment. pp. 91–104. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Theory Bulletin.

Blog post
Evans, K.: Women’s Blood Pressure Before Pregnancy Could Determine The Sex Of Their Baby,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Army’s FY 1980 Programs for Procuring Conventional Ammunition, Modernization, and Expansion. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, A.M.: Moving in foster care: Voices of adults who experienced multiple foster care placements in childhood, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A.: Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nafie 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Siwy 2007; Nafie 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Siwy 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bellafiore et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Theory Bulletin
AbbreviationEcon. Theory Bull.
ISSN (print)2196-1085
ISSN (online)2196-1093

Other styles