How to format your references using the Economic Theory Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Theory Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E.: Mouse genome: The real deal. Nature. 420, 457 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughan, D.G., Arthern, R.: Climate change. Why is it hard to predict the future of ice sheets? Science. 315, 1503–1504 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa, H.I., Chang, C.J., Long, J.R.: A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature. 464, 1329–1333 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dinish, U.S., Balasundaram, G., Chang, Y.-T., Olivo, M.: Actively targeted in vivo multiplex detection of intrinsic cancer biomarkers using biocompatible SERS nanotags. Sci. Rep. 4, 4075 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers: Trayed and Packed Columns. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Wu, Z., Chen, C., Guo, M., Bu, J. eds: Embedded Software and Systems: First International Conference, ICESS 2004, Hangzhou, China, December 9-10, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Perlock, P.A., González, P.J., Tiampo, K.F., Rodríguez-Velasco, G., Samsonov, S., Fernández, J.: Time Evolution of Deformation Using Time Series of Differential Interferograms: Application to La Palma Island (Canary Islands). In: Camacho, A.G., Díaz, J.I., and Fernändez, J. (eds.) Earth Sciences and Mathematics: Volune II. pp. 1531–1554. Birkhäuser, Basel (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Theory Bulletin.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Cooling Newborns Lowers Their Risk for Brain Damage,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Public Transit: Length of Development Process, Cost Estimates, and Ridership Forecasts for Capital-Investment Grant Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tapal, S.S.: Is the fourth generation of Six Sigma an effective professional development model in K-12 education?, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Marginalized Souls, Magnified, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2002; Vaughan and Arthern 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaughan and Arthern 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dinish et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Theory Bulletin
AbbreviationEcon. Theory Bull.
ISSN (print)2196-1085
ISSN (online)2196-1093

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