How to format your references using the Economic Theory Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Theory Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benner, S.A.: Synthetic biology: Act natural. Nature. 421, 118 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaztelumendi, N., Nogués, C.: Chromosome instability in mouse embryonic stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 5324 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.F., Huri, D.A., Snyder, S.H.: Inducible nitric oxide synthase binds, S-nitrosylates, and activates cyclooxygenase-2. Science. 310, 1966–1970 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, W., Su, J., Jiang, J., Li, X., Ye, Q., Zhou, H., Chen, J., Li, Y.: Two mixed-NH3/amine platinum (II) anticancer complexes featuring a dichloroacetate moiety in the leaving group. Sci. Rep. 3, 2464 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji, S., Hedges, P.: Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Bahn, K.D. ed: Proceedings of the 1988 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Adams, W.W., III, Zarter, C.R., Mueh, K.E., Amiard, V., Demmig-Adams, B.: Energy Dissipation and Photoinhibition: A Continuum of Photoprotection. In: Demmig-Adams, B., Adams, W.W., and Mattoo, A.K. (eds.) Photoprotection, Photoinhibition, Gene Regulation, and Environment. pp. 49–64. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Theory Bulletin.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: 7 Inventors Killed By Their Own Inventions,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000--1999 Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulsifer, J.E.: Learning from the Uighurs: Correcting Inadequate Due Process in Terrorist Financing Sanction Regimes, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Somaiya, R., Schaap, R., Mueller, A., Rapkin, M., Spitznagel, E., Samuels, T., Lyall, S., Bennett, R., Mueller, A., Leff, A., Rushfield, R., Aftab, K., Schneider, E., Kelly, J.: Why Are They Always Apologizing?, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benner 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Benner 2003; Gaztelumendi and Nogués 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaztelumendi and Nogués 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Theory Bulletin
AbbreviationEcon. Theory Bull.
ISSN (print)2196-1085
ISSN (online)2196-1093

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