How to format your references using the Economic Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dissanayake, C., 2005. Global Voices of Science. Of stones and health: medical geology in Sri Lanka. Science 309, 883–885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Min, J.-H., Pavletich, N.P., 2007. Recognition of DNA damage by the Rad4 nucleotide excision repair protein. Nature 449, 570–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yumoto, N., Kim, N., Burden, S.J., 2012. Lrp4 is a retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation at neuromuscular synapses. Nature 489, 438–442.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shi, G., Liu, J., Wang, C., Song, B., Tu, Y., Hu, J., Fang, H., 2013. Ion enrichment on the hydrophobic carbon-based surface in aqueous salt solutions due to cation-π interactions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee Abbott, M., McKinney, J., 2012. Understanding and Applying Research Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Parenti-Castelli, V., Schiehlen, W. (Eds.), 2016. ROMANSY 21 - Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of the 21st CISM-IFToMM Symposium, June 20-23, Udine, Italy, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tirri, H., 2006. Challenges of Urban Sensing, in: Fürnkranz, J., Scheffer, T., Spiliopoulou, M. (Eds.), Knowledge Discovery in Databases: PKDD 2006: 10th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Modelling.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Stephen Hawking Covers Monty Python’s ‘Galaxy Song’ [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Millennium Challenge Corporation: Results of Transportation Infrastructure Projects in Seven Countries (No. GAO-12-631). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K.A., 2013. Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. The Self-Aware Dog. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dissanayake, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dissanayake, 2005; Min and Pavletich, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Min and Pavletich, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Modelling
AbbreviationEcon. Model.
ISSN (print)0264-9993
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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