How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2000. Biology back issues free as publishers walk highwire. Nature 404, 117.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsiao, J.C., Fong, K., 2004. Making big money from small technology. Nature 428, 218–220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Liu, X., Tang, D., 2013. Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3556.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stevenson, S., Fowler, P.W., Heine, T., Duchamp, J.C., Rice, G., Glass, T., Harich, K., Hajdu, E., Bible, R., Dorn, H.C., 2000. A stable non-classical metallofullerene family. Nature 408, 427–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, W., 2000. Optische Spektroskopie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Peer, S., Gruber, H. (Eds.), 2013. Atlas of Peripheral Nerve Ultrasound: With Anatomic and MRI Correlation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, X., 2013. The Evaluation Model of Construction Industry Financial Risk Based on SVM, in: Yin, Z., Pan, L., Fang, X. (Eds.), Proceedings of The Eighth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA), 2013, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Selectively Erase And Restore Memories [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Vocational Education: Information on the National Research Center’s Grant Award Process (No. HRD-88-56). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diddi, V., 2017. Digitally Controlled Microwave Power Amplifier Design Techniques for Wireless Communications (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2008. Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2000; Hsiao and Fong, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsiao and Fong, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevenson et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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