How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. The physics imbalance. Nature 419, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishioka, K., Reinberg, D., 2001. Transcription. Switching partners in a regulatory tango. Science 294, 2497–2498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morewedge, C.K., Huh, Y.E., Vosgerau, J., 2010. Thought for food: imagined consumption reduces actual consumption. Science 330, 1530–1533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rondelez, Y., Tresset, G., Nakashima, T., Kato-Yamada, Y., Fujita, H., Takeuchi, S., Noji, H., 2005. Highly coupled ATP synthesis by F1-ATPase single molecules. Nature 433, 773–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J.S., Mack, M.D., Fiore, L.B., 2016. Your Anxious Child. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rivest, L., Bouras, A., Louhichi, B. (Eds.), 2012. Product Lifecycle Management. Towards Knowledge-Rich Enterprises: IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2012, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 9-11, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Walenstein, A., Deshotels, L., Lakhotia, A., 2012. Program Structure-Based Feature Selection for Android Malware Analysis, in: Schmidt, A.U., Russello, G., Krontiris, I., Lian, S. (Eds.), Security and Privacy in Mobile Information and Communication Systems: 4th International Conference, MobiSec 2012, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany, June 25-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Guy Makes An Insane 20-Foot Fire Tornado Machine In His Backyard [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates (No. GAO-05-389R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary, J.J., 2012. Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. A Ceremonial Start to the Session as the Supreme Court Welcomes a New Chief Justice. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nishioka and Reinberg, 2001; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishioka and Reinberg, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Rondelez et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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