How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R., 2000. Japan sets tissue donor guidelines. Nature 404, 529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, T.M., Cleveland, D.W., 2005. Medicine. Treating neurodegenerative diseases with antibiotics. Science 307, 361–362.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irwin, D.E., Bensch, S., Price, T.D., 2001. Speciation in a ring. Nature 409, 333–337.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onodera, R., Motoyama, K., Okamatsu, A., Higashi, T., Arima, H., 2013. Potential use of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin as an anticancer agent. Sci. Rep. 3, 1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher, M.J., 2010. Retirement Portfolios. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dastani, M., Hübner, J.F., Logan, B. (Eds.), 2013. Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 10th International Workshop, ProMAS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yen, J.-Y., Yor, M., 2013. Paul Lévy’s Arcsine Laws, in: Yor, M. (Ed.), Local Times and Excursion Theory for Brownian Motion: A Tale of Wiener and Itô Measures, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. 13,000-Year-Old Nanodiamonds Found On Three Continents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks (No. IMTEC-92-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, A.C., 2012. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B., Kelly, M.L.B., a Reporter For The, London, M., Lawyer, a. W., are co-authors of the forthcoming book “‘Amazon.,’” 1983. BRAZIL’S MORTADELLA MAN. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Miller and Cleveland, 2005; Triendl, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Cleveland, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Onodera et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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