How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaim, W., 2005. Chemistry. Odd electron on nitrogen: a metal-stabilized aminyl radical. Science 307, 216–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tong, F., Engel, S.A., 2001. Interocular rivalry revealed in the human cortical blind-spot representation. Nature 411, 195–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilman, D., Hill, J., Lehman, C., 2006. Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass. Science 314, 1598–1600.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J., Wang, Z., Chen, C., Huang, S., 2014. Atomic-scale observation of migration and coalescence of Au nanoclusters on YSZ surface by aberration-corrected STEM. Sci. Rep. 4, 5521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles, J., Smith, A., Begg, R., Buček, M., Roukova, P., Pástor, R., 2015. Articulations of Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Arthur, D.W., Vicini, F.A., Wazer, D.E., Khan, A.J. (Eds.), 2016. Short Course Breast Radiotherapy: A Comprehensive Review of Hypofractionation, Partial Breast, and Intra-Operative Irradiation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Palin, V.V., Radkevich, E.V., 2015. On the Riemann’s Problem for One Nonstrictly Hyperbolic System, in: Sadovnichiy, V.A., Zgurovsky, M.Z. (Eds.), Continuous and Distributed Systems II: Theory and Applications, Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Mystery Virus That Turned Millions Of Starfish Into Goo Is Finally Identified [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Air Traffic Control: FAA Plans to Replace Its Host Computer System Because Future Availability Cannot Be Assured (No. AIMD-98-138R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daum, M.A., 2012. Busy Fingers, Wordless Thoughts: Entering the Knot of Compulsive Hair Twisting (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2011. Cancer’s Secrets Come Into Sharper Focus. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaim, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kaim, 2005; Tong and Engel, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tong and Engel, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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