How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strom, S.L., 2008. Microbial ecology of ocean biogeochemistry: a community perspective. Science 320, 1043–1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-H., Paull, T.T., 2004. Direct activation of the ATM protein kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex. Science 304, 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bazzini, A.A., Lee, M.T., Giraldez, A.J., 2012. Ribosome profiling shows that miR-430 reduces translation before causing mRNA decay in zebrafish. Science 336, 233–237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scholes, R.J., Mace, G.M., Turner, W., Geller, G.N., Jurgens, N., Larigauderie, A., Muchoney, D., Walther, B.A., Mooney, H.A., 2008. Ecology. Toward a global biodiversity observing system. Science 321, 1044–1045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yener, M., Dundar, O., 2016. Expert Android ® Studio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Estivalet, M., 2008. The Engineering of Sport 7: Vol. 1. Springer, Paris.
A chapter in an edited book
Calder, A.C., 2005. Laboratory Astrophysics Experiments for Simulation Code Validation: A Case Study, in: Kyrala, G.A. (Ed.), High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Vibrating Magnets Help Male Bees Attract Females From Different Subspecies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-30(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone, B., 2017. Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Austen, I., Gladstone, R., 2014. Gunman’s Attack on Parliament Shakes Ottawa. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strom, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Paull, 2004; Strom, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Paull, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Scholes et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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