How to format your references using the Econometrics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, C.A., 2006. Geochemistry. How fast does gold trickle out of volcanoes? Science 314, 263–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soldner, F., Jaenisch, R., 2012. Medicine. iPSC disease modeling. Science 338, 1155–1156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trautt, Z.T., Upmanyu, M., Karma, A., 2006. Interface mobility from interface random walk. Science 314, 632–635.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, C.-H., Benedick, A.J., Fendel, P., Glenday, A.G., Kärtner, F.X., Phillips, D.F., Sasselov, D., Szentgyorgyi, A., Walsworth, R.L., 2008. A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1). Nature 452, 610–612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro, W., 2010. Contesting the Renaissance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Posta, P.D., 2007. Effetti, potenzialità e limiti della globalizzazione: Una visione multidisciplinare. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, D.S., Lee, K.C., Jo, N.Y., 2013. A Creative Generation Task Under Stress: Comparison of a Stress Group with a Non-stress Group, in: Lee, K.C. (Ed.), Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations, Integrated Series in Information Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrics and Statistics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Watch Two Rockets Launch, Hover, And Gently Land [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities (No. HRD-89-123FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, L.M., 2014. A mentoring program for foster youth transitioning into adulthood: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heinrich, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Heinrich, 2006; Soldner and Jaenisch, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soldner and Jaenisch, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrics and Statistics
AbbreviationEconom. Stat.
ISSN (print)2452-3062

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