How to format your references using the Ecological Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.E. Blomgren, Electrochemistry. Making a potential difference, Nature. 407 (2000) 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Chavis, G. Westbrook, Integrins mediate functional pre- and postsynaptic maturation at a hippocampal synapse, Nature. 411 (2001) 317–321.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.E. O’Connor, J.J. Duda, G.E. Grant, Ecology. 1000 dams down and counting, Science. 348 (2015) 496–497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. O’Neill, L. Rushworth, M. Baccarini, W. Kolch, Role of the kinase MST2 in suppression of apoptosis by the proto-oncogene product Raf-1, Science. 306 (2004) 2267–2270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Beiser, Unified Optical Scanning Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Q.-A. Zeng, ed., Wireless Communications, Networking and Applications: Proceedings of WCNA 2014, 1st ed. 2016, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Syme, A. Granicz, A. Cisternino, Introducing Imperative Programming, in: A. Granicz, A. Cisternino (Eds.), Expert F#, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2007: pp. 69–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Water Vapour Discovered In The Atmosphere Of Neptune-Sized Exoplanet, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology: America’s Schools Not Designed or Equipped for 21st Century, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Curry, Students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship at a historically black university in central Mississippi, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.S. Schmidt, Red Sox Used Apple Watch to Help Steal Signs, Inquiry Finds, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationEcol. Genet. Genom.
ISSN (print)2405-9854

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