How to format your references using the Ecological Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Soderquist, NUCLEAR FUELS. How to isolate americium, Science. 350 (2015) 635–636.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.A. West, A.D. Peters, Paying for sex is not easy, Nature. 407 (2000) 962.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.M. Khalil, J.C. Cambier, M.J. Shlomchik, B cell receptor signal transduction in the GC is short-circuited by high phosphatase activity, Science. 336 (2012) 1178–1181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Zha, J. Wang, E. Qu, S. Zhang, Y. Jin, S. Wang, Z. Dai, Polypyrrole hollow microspheres as echogenic photothermal agent for ultrasound imaging guided tumor ablation, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.J. Fickelscherer, D.L. Chester, Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
A.-L. Grosu, C. Nieder, eds., Target Volume Definition in Radiation Oncology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Spengel, Y. Zöllkau, D. Results, in: C. Spengel, Y. Zöllkau (Eds.), Common Corporate Tax Base (CC(C)TB) and Determination of Taxable Income: An International Comparison, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, ‘Salmon Cannon’ Allows Safe Migration Around Hydroelectric Dams, IFLScience. (2014).‘salmon-cannon’-allows-safe-migration-around-hydroelectric-dams/ (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: FAA’s Efforts to Implement Recommendations to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency Face Some Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Mann, Evaluation of Transfer Technologies to Preserve Shoulder Function in SCI, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.R. Gordon, In Mosul’s Endgame, Escape Proves Harrowing and Surrender Unlikely, New York Times. (2017) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationEcol. Genet. Genom.
ISSN (print)2405-9854

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