How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrara, A., 2002. Astronomy. Radio noise from dust grains. Science 295, 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowles, S., Posel, D., 2005. Genetic relatedness predicts South African migrant workers’ remittances to their families. Nature 434, 380–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kellis, M., Birren, B.W., Lander, E.S., 2004. Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 428, 617–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aono, N., Sutani, T., Tomonaga, T., Mochida, S., Yanagida, M., 2002. Cnd2 has dual roles in mitotic condensation and interphase. Nature 417, 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, W., 2014. The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Janowski, T., Mohanty, H. (Eds.), 2010. Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 6th International Conference, ICDCIT 2010, Bhubaneswar, India, February 15-17, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mac an Airchinnigh, M., 2010. Let Me Tell You Something about (Y)our Culture?, in: Kurbanoğlu, S., Al, U., Lepon Erdoğan, P., Tonta, Y., Uçak, N. (Eds.), Technological Convergence and Social Networks in Information Management: Second International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2010, Ankara, Turkey, September 22-24, 2010. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Gut Bacteria Could Increase Risk Of Developing Asthma [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gut-bacteria-could-increase-risk-developing-asthma/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Rural Children: Increasing Poverty Rates Pose Educational Challenges (No. HEHS-94-75BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y.-F., 2013. The Effects of Two Methods on Training EFL University Students in Taiwan to Identify Three Non-Native Phonemic Contrasts (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2016. European Leaders, Reeling, Meet to Weigh Fallout of U.S. Election. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferrara, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bowles and Posel, 2005; Ferrara, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowles and Posel, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Aono et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

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