How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Calegari, F., 2014. Neurodevelopment. Tossed out to save the masses. Science 346, 1298–1299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraemer, J.D., Gostin, L.O., 2012. Public Health and biosecurity. The limits of government regulation of science. Science 335, 1047–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A.J., Kimmelman, J., Carlisle, B., 2012. Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials. Science 336, 544–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pimtong, W., Datta, M., Ulrich, A.M., Rhodes, J., 2014. Drl.3 governs primitive hematopoiesis in zebrafish. Sci. Rep. 4, 5791.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, R.B., 2011. 20% Chance of Rain. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Böhme, R. (Ed.), 2013. The Economics of Information Security and Privacy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dragomir, S.S., 2010. The Perturbed Median Principle for Integral Inequalities with Applications, in: Pardalos, P.M., Rassias, T.M., Khan, A.A. (Eds.), Nonlinear Analysis and Variational Problems: In Honor of George Isac, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. No Giant Leap For Mankind: Why We’ve Been Looking At Human Evolution In The Wrong Way [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Vocational Education: 2-Year Colleges Improve Programs, Maintain Access for Special Populations (No. HEHS-95-163). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabellario, C.M., 2009. A plan to establish a financial counseling center on the campus of California State University, Long Beach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., Schwirtz, M., Robbins, T., 2016. New York State Taking on Union of Prison Guards. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Calegari, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Calegari, 2014; Kraemer and Gostin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kraemer and Gostin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Pimtong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

Other styles