How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K., 2006. Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science 313, 1454–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bina, C.R., Navrotsky, A., 2000. Possible presence of high-pressure ice in cold subducting slabs. Nature 408, 844–847.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rand, D.G., Greene, J.D., Nowak, M.A., 2012. Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 489, 427–430.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dussutour, A., Fourcassié, V., Helbing, D., Deneubourg, J.-L., 2004. Optimal traffic organization in ants under crowded conditions. Nature 428, 70–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., Aardema, F., 2011. Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hasegawa, Y., 2006. Realization Theory and Design of Digital Images, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mahanta, C., Choudhury, R., Basu, S., Hemani, R., Dutta, A., Barua, P.P., Borah, P.J., Bhattacharya, M., Bhattacharya, K., Alam, W., Saikia, L., Mukherjee, A., Bhattacharya, P., 2015. Preliminary Assessment of Arsenic Distribution in Brahmaputra River Basin of India Based on Examination of 56,180 Public Groundwater Wells, in: Ramanathan, A.L., Johnston, S., Mukherjee, A., Nath, B. (Eds.), Safe and Sustainable Use of Arsenic-Contaminated Aquifers in the Gangetic Plain: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. NASA Releases Incredible Images To Show How Earth Has Changed In Just 30 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Organizational Transformation: Enterprise Architecture Value Needs to Be Measured and Reported (No. GAO-12-791). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, T., 2010. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Pioneers Continue To Shepherd Women’s Basketball. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bina and Navrotsky, 2000; Robinson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bina and Navrotsky, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dussutour et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

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