How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Europe told to unite on spy satellites. Nature 422, 361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mehl, G., Labrique, A., 2014. Prioritizing integrated mHealth strategies for universal health coverage. Science 345, 1284–1287.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sergio, F., Newton, I., Marchesi, L., 2005. Conservation: top predators and biodiversity. Nature 436, 192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, W.B., Voitl, T., Rodriguez-Rivera, G.J., Dumesic, J.A., 2004. Powering fuel cells with CO via aqueous polyoxometalates and gold catalysts. Science 305, 1280–1283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook, H.F., 2017. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Steele, R.G., 2005. Handbook of Mental Health Services for Children, Adolescents, and Families, Issues in Clinical Child Psychology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, M.D., Rubin, J., 2010. Ependymoma, in: Gupta, N., Banerjee, A., Haas-Kogan, D. (Eds.), Pediatric CNS Tumors, Pediatric Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Realistic Robot Faces Aren’t Enough – We Need Emotion To Put Us At Ease With Androids [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Ratings Process (No. GAO-03-701). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dao, L.-A.T., 2017. Comparison of peripherally inserted intravenous catheter complication prevalence: Before and after changing a 96-hour routine replacement standard (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M’kay, I.P., 1936. REDEFINING POLITICAL TERMS; Need Seen for New Outlook on the Tariff and Isolation. New York Times social news books14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mehl and Labrique, 2014; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mehl and Labrique, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

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