How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clyne, R., 2004. Industry and interns. The intern experience. Nature 431, 612.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmidt, O.G., Eberl, K., 2001. Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes. Nature 410, 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaucher, E.A., Govindarajan, S., Ganesh, O.K., 2008. Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins. Nature 451, 704–707.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, D., Riley, A.E., Cadby, A.J., Richman, E.K., Korlann, S.D., Tolbert, S.H., 2006. Hexagonal nanoporous germanium through surfactant-driven self-assembly of Zintl clusters. Nature 441, 1126–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dehn, M.J., 2010. Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sannella, D., 2012. Foundations of Algebraic Specification and Formal Software Development, Monographs in Theoretical Computer Science. An EATCS Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sadler, D.R., 2009. Transforming Holistic Assessment and Grading into a Vehicle for Complex Learning, in: Joughin, G. (Ed.), Assessment, Learning and Judgement in Higher Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 1–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. A Solar Superstorm Nearly Hit The Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain (No. T-AIMD-99-285). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mohajer, R., 2012. A transcendental approach to John Coltrane: applying concepts of spirituality to Giant Steps into the Cosmos (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. A Ceremonial Start to the Session as the Supreme Court Welcomes a New Chief Justice. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clyne, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Clyne, 2004; Schmidt and Eberl, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmidt and Eberl, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

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