How to format your references using the Health and Place citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Place. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rhodes, G., 2014. The career I dreamed of? Science 345, 1414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katija, K., Dabiri, J.O., 2009. A viscosity-enhanced mechanism for biogenic ocean mixing. Nature 460, 624–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martini, I.B., Barthel, E.R., Schwartz, B.J., 2001. Optical control of electrons during electron transfer. Science 293, 462–465.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jin, Q., Wang, L., Xia, C.-Y., Wang, Z., 2014. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in interdependent networked game. Sci. Rep. 4, 4095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lueder, E., 2011. 3D Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
König, T., Debus, M., Tsebelis, G. (Eds.), 2011. Reform Processes and Policy Change: Veto Players and Decision-Making in Modern Democracies, 1st ed, Studies in Public Choice. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Espina, J., Falck, T., Mülhens, O., 2006. Network Topologies, Communication Protocols, and Standards, in: Yang, G.-Z. (Ed.), Body Sensor Networks. Springer, London, pp. 145–182.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Place.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. What Is Kratom And Why Has The DEA Decided It’s As Dangerous As Heroin? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Desert Shield/Storm: U.S. Transportation Command’s Support of Operation (No. NSIAD-92-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter, R.A., 2017. Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. Considering the Lives That Shape Our Own. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rhodes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Katija and Dabiri, 2009; Rhodes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katija and Dabiri, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Place
AbbreviationHealth Place
ISSN (print)1353-8292
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)

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