How to format your references using the Ecological Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaas, J. (2009) Atmosphere. Smoke and climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A. & Perrimon, N. (2006) A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature, 444, 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, K., Fedosov, D.A. & Gompper, G. (2014) Margination of micro- and nano-particles in blood flow and its effect on drug delivery. Scientific reports, 4, 4871.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Riethman, H.C., Xiang, Z., Paul, S., Morse, E., Hu, X.L., Flint, J., et al. (2001) Integration of telomere sequences with the draft human genome sequence. Nature, 409, 948–951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, D.W. (2014) Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Brinkworth, M. & Weinert, F. (Eds.). (2012) Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences. The Frontiers Collection. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Voicu, M.-C. (2009) Computational Methods for Detecting Types of Nonlinear Dynamics. In Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering (ed. by Mastorakis, N., Mladenov, V. & Kontargyri, V.T.). Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Scientists Engineer First Bone Marrow-On-A-Chip [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 7 May 2014].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974) DOD’s Full-Time, Fully Funded Graduate and Undergraduate Education Programs ( No. B-175773). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichols, J. (2012) Genetic and genomic mechanisms of neonatal hyperoxic lung injury in the inbred mouse (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rebanks, J. (2017) An English Shepherd in America. New York Times, SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quaas, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman & Perrimon, 2006; Quaas, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman & Perrimon, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Riethman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Entomology
AbbreviationEcol. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0307-6946
ISSN (online)1365-2311
ScopeInsect Science

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