How to format your references using the Ecological Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telenti, A. (2014) HIV: The mixed blessing of interferon. Nature, 511, 537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloch, G. & Robinson, G.E. (2001) Chronobiology. Reversal of honeybee behavioural rhythms. Nature, 410, 1048.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trail, D., Watson, E.B. & Tailby, N.D. (2011) The oxidation state of Hadean magmas and implications for early Earth’s atmosphere. Nature, 480, 79–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Naskar, D., Nayak, S., Dey, T. & Kundu, S.C. (2014) Non-mulberry silk fibroin influence osteogenesis and osteoblast-macrophage cross talk on titanium based surface. Scientific reports, 4, 4745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B. (2016) The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Heilmann, C. (2007) Web Development Solutions: Ajax, APIs, Libraries, and Hosted Services Made Easy. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Stival, C., Puga Molina, L. del C., Paudel, B., Buffone, M.G., Visconti, P.E. & Krapf, D. (2016) Sperm Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction in Mammalian Sperm. In Sperm Acrosome Biogenesis and Function During Fertilization, Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology (ed. by Buffone, M.G.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Graphene Could Lead To Better Bullet-Proof Vests And Hydrogen Fuel Cells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 28 November 2014].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994) Telecommunications Market in Canada ( No. GGD-94-193R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pittsinger, R.F. (2009) The effect of a single bout of surfing on exercise-induced affect (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, G. (2012) India’s Olympic Committee Is Suspended by the I.O.C. New York Times, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telenti, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bloch & Robinson, 2001; Telenti, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloch & Robinson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Naskar et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Entomology
AbbreviationEcol. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0307-6946
ISSN (online)1365-2311
ScopeInsect Science

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