How to format your references using the Ecological Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elderfield, H. (2002) Climate change. Carbonate mysteries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peterca, M. & Percec, V. (2010) Materials science. Recasting metal alloy phases with block copolymers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sivars, U., Aivazian, D. & Pfeffer, S.R. (2003) Yip3 catalyses the dissociation of endosomal Rab-GDI complexes. Nature, 425, 856–859.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, J., Ishiguro, K.-I., Nambu, A., Akiyoshi, B., Yokobayashi, S., Kagami, A., et al. (2018) Author Correction: Meikin is a conserved regulator of meiosis-I-specific kinetochore function. Nature, 563, E23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kushner, R., Lawrence, V. & Kumar, S. (2013) Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Alberts, D., Lluria-Prevatt, M., Kha, S. & Weihs, K. (Eds.). (2016) Supportive Cancer Care. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Michel, S.H. & Mueller, D.H. (2015) Vitamins and Minerals. In Nutrition in Cystic Fibrosis: A Guide for Clinicians (ed. by Yen, E.H. & Leonard, A.R.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Entomology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016) September Was The Warmest Month On Record, Meaning It’s Now All But Certain 2016 Will Be The Warmest Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 18 October 2016].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934] ( No. B-278820). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denney, V.P. (2014) Achieving a Competitive Advantage through Ethical Business Practices: An Ethnographical Case Study (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994) The Hatman Closeth. New York Times, 1310.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elderfield, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elderfield, 2002; Peterca & Percec, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peterca & Percec, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Entomology
AbbreviationEcol. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0307-6946
ISSN (online)1365-2311
ScopeInsect Science

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