How to format your references using the Ecological Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Werner, R. (2015) The focus on bibliometrics makes papers less useful. Nature, 517, 245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feuillet, C. & Eversole, K. (2009) Plant science. Solving the maze. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326, 1071–1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, I.-U., Peacey, M.W. & Munafò, M.R. (2014) Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature, 506, 93–96.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, J., Bu, X., Wang, H., Zhu, Y., Geng, Y., Nihira, N.T., et al. (2018) Cyclin D-CDK4 kinase destabilizes PD-L1 via cullin 3-SPOP to control cancer immune surveillance. Nature, 553, 91–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsson, A. (2005) Understanding Changing Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gansäuer, A. (Ed.). (2006) Radicals in Synthesis II. Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lam, H.-K. & Leung, F.H.-F. (2010) Chapter 4 BMI Stability Conditions for FMB Control Systems. In Stability Analysis of Fuzzy-Model-Based Control Systems: Linear-Matrix-Inequality Approach, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing (ed. by Leung, F.H.-F.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) It’s Often The Puzzles That Baffle That Go Viral [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 16 April 2015].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977) Improved Management of Computer Resources Needed To Enhance Marine Corps’ Efficiency and Effectiveness ( No. LCD-76-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, A.M. (2010) Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2016) Blue State. New York Times, MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Werner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Feuillet & Eversole, 2009; Werner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feuillet & Eversole, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Entomology
AbbreviationEcol. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0307-6946
ISSN (online)1365-2311
ScopeInsect Science

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