How to format your references using the Ecological Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecological Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weertman, J.R. (2012) Materials science. Retaining the nano in nanocrystalline alloys. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337, 921–922.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saykally, R.J. & Wales, D.J. (2012) Chemistry. Pinning down the water hexamer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 814–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bar-Yam, Y., Harmon, D. & Bivort, B. de. (2009) Systems biology. Attractors and democratic dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 1016–1017.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chipuk, J.E., Kuwana, T., Bouchier-Hayes, L., Droin, N.M., Newmeyer, D.D., Schuler, M., et al. (2004) Direct activation of Bax by p53 mediates mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and apoptosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303, 1010–1014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gottlieb, I. (2009) Next Generation Excel. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809.
An edited book
Zhang, R., Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Filipe, J. & Cordeiro, J. (Eds.). (2012) Enterprise Information Systems: 13th International Conference, ICEIS 2011, Beijing, China, June 8-11, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Faltings, G. (2012) The Motivic Logarithm for Curves. In The Arithmetic of Fundamental Groups: PIA 2010 (ed. by Stix, J.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 107–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecological Entomology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) A Man’s Arachnophobia Was Literally Cut Out Of His Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL [accessed on 31 October 2014].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004) Information Technology: The Federal Enterprise Architecture and Agencies’ Enterprise Architectures Are Still Maturing ( No. GAO-04-798T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quackenbush, C.M. (2010) The Imaginal Stone: Stories of self and world (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010) Packing In Labels Galore. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weertman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Saykally & Wales, 2012; Weertman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saykally & Wales, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chipuk et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcological Entomology
AbbreviationEcol. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0307-6946
ISSN (online)1365-2311
ScopeInsect Science

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