How to format your references using the EClinicalMedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EClinicalMedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Templeton A. Out of Africa again and again. Nature 2002;416:45–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schmitz L, Motani R. Nocturnality in dinosaurs inferred from scleral ring and orbit morphology. Science 2011;332:705–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Green BM, Finn KJ, Li JJ. Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification. Science 2010;329:943–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fu Y-X, Djupsund K, Gao H, Hayden B, Shen K, Dan Y. Temporal specificity in the cortical plasticity of visual space representation. Science 2002;296:1999–2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Horton I. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Tian J. Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gore ML, Cooter EJ, Dennis RL, Pleim JE, Aneja VP. Ammonia Emissions in the US: Assessing the Role of Bi-directional Ammonia Transport Using the Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model. In: Sutton MA, Mason KE, Sheppard LJ, Sverdrup H, Haeuber R, Hicks WK, editors. Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 31–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EClinicalMedicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Discover New Kind Of Sexual Organ. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ICBM Modernization: Rail Garrison Production Decision and Launch Car Acquisition Should Be Delayed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ren W. The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Rothenberg B. The Matches at Indian Wells Come With a Generous Serving of Opulence. New York Times 2017:SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEClinicalMedicine
ISSN (print)2589-5370
Scope

Other styles