How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2002). ‘Pathogen-tracking questioned’. Nature. 420 (6915): 451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiong, W. and Ferrell, J. E., Jr (2003). ‘A positive-feedback-based bistable “memory module” that governs a cell fate decision’. Nature. 426 (6965): 460–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tynan, C. T., DeMaster, D. P. and Peterson, W. T. (2001). ‘Endangered right whales on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 294 (5548): 1894.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goyal, A., Sokalingam, S., Hwang, K.-S. and Lee, S.-G. (2014). ‘Identification of an ideal-like fingerprint for a protein fold using overlapped conserved residues based approach’. Scientific reports. 4: 5643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher, V. M. and Proudovsky, A. M. (2016). Hydraulic Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Severi, F. (ed.) (2011). Teorema di Riemann-Roch e questioni connesse. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lang, A., Dittmann, J., Kiltz, S. and Hoppe, T. (2007). ‘Future Perspectives: The Car and Its IP-Address – A Potential Safety and Security Risk Assessment’. In: F. Saglietti and N. Oster (eds.). Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 26th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2007, Nuremberg, Germany, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 40–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). The Real Reason Clowns Scare Us. 31 October 2016. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). 2015 Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brake Rule: Comparison of DOT Forecasts for Selected Data Points for 2015 and 2016 to Preliminary Data for Those Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pathak, A. (2006). The Role of the Protein Phosphatase 1 Inhibitor-1 In Regulation of Murine Cardiac Physiology and Progression of Cardiomyopathy. Doctoral dissertation. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012). ‘Gold to British in Jumpoff With Dutch’. New York Times. 7 August: B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nestler 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cook-Deegan 2011; Grant 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xiong and Ferrell 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Phillips et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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