How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K. (2014). ‘Biology: Three known unknowns’. Nature. 509 (7502): S69-71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba, J. A. R. and Berger, E. A. (2006). ‘Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 311 (5769): 1921–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dvorak, M., Oswald, W. and Wu, Z. (2013). ‘Bandgap opening by patterning graphene’. Scientific reports. 3: 2289.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Palliser, D., Chowdhury, D., Wang, Q.-Y., Lee, S. J., Bronson, R. T., Knipe, D. M. and Lieberman, J. (2006). ‘An siRNA-based microbicide protects mice from lethal herpes simplex virus 2 infection’. Nature. 439 (7072): 89–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cross, M. and MacDonald, B. (2008). Nutrition in Institutions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kamkin, A. and Lozinsky, I. (eds.) (2012). Mechanically Gated Channels and their Regulation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, J. R., Adams, C. G., Weston, P. A. and Schenker, J. H. (2015). ‘Intersections of Movers with Traps’. In: C. G. Adams, P. A. Weston, and J. H. Schenker (eds.). Trapping of Small Organisms Moving Randomly: Principles and Applications to Pest Monitoring and Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 25–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Bees With Mad Ball Skills Taught To Score ‘Goals’. 24 February 2017. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness, but Improvements in Screener Oversight Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, J. A. (2011). Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). ‘Indians Open Wallet After Coming Up Short’. New York Times. 24 December: D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac 2014; Kaleeba and Berger 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaleeba and Berger 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Palliser et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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