How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crowther, R. (2002). ‘Space science. Space junk--protecting space for future generations’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 296 (5571): 1241–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M. R. and Seydoux, G. (2000). ‘Polarization of the anterior-posterior axis of C. elegans is a microtubule-directed process’. Nature. 408 (6808): 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y., Magan, J. J. and Blau, W. J. (2014). ‘A general strategy for hybrid thin film fabrication and transfer onto arbitrary substrates’. Scientific reports. 4: 4822.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakayama, J., Rice, J. C., Strahl, B. D., Allis, C. D. and Grewal, S. I. (2001). ‘Role of histone H3 lysine 9 methylation in epigenetic control of heterochromatin assembly’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 292 (5514): 110–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson, H. (2011). Schrägkabelbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Membrey, P. (2012). Practical Load Balancing: Ride the Performance Tiger. D. Hows and E. Plugge (eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Z., Zhang, Y. and Han, G. (2016). ‘Lanthanide-Doped Upconversion Nanoparticles for Imaging-Guided Drug Delivery and Therapy’. In: Z. Dai (ed.). Advances in Nanotheranostics I: Design and Fabrication of Theranosic Nanoparticles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 139–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). This Giant Wall Sucks Carbon Dioxide Straight Out Of The Air. 26 July 2015. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Bureau of Indian Affairs Contracts for Automatic Data Processing Management Services, and for Development of a Management Information System at the Colorado River Indian Reservation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, E. D. (2014). The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017). ‘Unflinching Faith Moors 2 Victims of Hurricane Sandy in Life’s Storms’. New York Times. 28 October: A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crowther 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Crowther 2002; Wallenfang and Seydoux 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang and Seydoux 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakayama et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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