How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2005). ‘Nuts and bolts. Online applications’. Nature. 433 (7021): 90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thybo, H. and Nielsen, C. A. (2009). ‘Magma-compensated crustal thinning in continental rift zones’. Nature. 457 (7231): 873–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thornalley, D. J. R., Elderfield, H. and McCave, I. N. (2009). ‘Holocene oscillations in temperature and salinity of the surface subpolar North Atlantic’. Nature. 457 (7230): 711–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piel, M., Nordberg, J., Euteneuer, U. and Bornens, M. (2001). ‘Centrosome-dependent exit of cytokinesis in animal cells’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 291 (5508): 1550–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, S., Zomaya, A. Y., Olariu, S. and Sanugi, B. (2005). Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cossentino, M., Fallah Seghrouchni, A. E. and Winikoff, M. (eds.) (2013). Engineering Multi-Agent Systems: First International Workshop, EMAS 2013, St. Paul, MN, USA, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Umbreit, E., Shimko, M. and Gettman, M. (2012). ‘Prostate Anatomy and Prostate Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, Staging, and Prevention’. In: L. E. Ponsky, D. B. Fuller, R. M. Meier, and C. Ma (eds.). Robotic Radiosurgery. Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). The Compound Behind All Those Stories About Red Wine Being Good For You. 22 December 2014. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox, C. E. (2012). Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India. Doctoral dissertation. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Healy, J. and Kovaleski, S. F. (2014). ‘One Mother, 7 Dead Newborns and a Stunned Community in Utah’. New York Times. 27 April: A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2005; Thybo and Nielsen 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thybo and Nielsen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Piel et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Other styles