How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wittrock, U. (2010). ‘Laryngeally echolocating bats’. Nature. 466 (7309): E6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milad, M. R. and Quirk, G. J. (2002). ‘Neurons in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory for fear extinction’. Nature. 420 (6911): 70–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humanes-Valera, D., Foffani, G. and Aguilar, J. (2014). ‘Increased cortical responses to forepaw stimuli immediately after peripheral deafferentation of hindpaw inputs’. Scientific reports. 4: 7278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chugunov, A., Pyrkova, D., Nolde, D., Polyansky, A., Pentkovsky, V. and Efremov, R. (2013). ‘Lipid-II forms potential “landing terrain” for lantibiotics in simulated bacterial membrane’. Scientific reports. 3: 1678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, L. and Tan, K. C. (2005). Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bögenhold, D., Bonnet, J., Dejardin, M. and Garcia Pérez de Lema, D. (eds.) (2016). Contemporary Entrepreneurship: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Innovation and Growth. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Coppo, M., Dezani-Ciancaglini, M., Padovani, L. and Yoshida, N. (2013). ‘Inference of Global Progress Properties for Dynamically Interleaved Multiparty Sessions’. In: R. D. Nicola and C. Julien (eds.). Coordination Models and Languages: 15th International Conference, COORDINATION 2013, Held as Part of the 8th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2013, Florence, Italy, June 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Brain Training – Why It’s No Walk In The Park. 13 October 2016. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Title I: Education Needs to Monitor States’ Scoring of Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway, C. M. (2015). Evaluating five leadership traits in the rising stars succession planning program. Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Villarosa, L. (2017). ‘America’s Hidden H.I.V. Epidemic’. New York Times. 6 June: MM38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wittrock 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Milad and Quirk 2002; Wittrock 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milad and Quirk 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chugunov et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Other styles