How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Teich, A. H. (2000). ‘Data for an election year’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 289 (5486): 1878b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riser, S. C. and Johnson, K. S. (2008). ‘Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean’. Nature. 451 (7176): 323–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meschke, M., Guichard, W. and Pekola, J. P. (2006). ‘Single-mode heat conduction by photons’. Nature. 444 (7116): 187–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, H.-S., Oh, S.-S., Ha, H.-S., Youm, D., Moon, S.-H., Kim, J. H., Dou, S. X., Heo, Y.-U., Wee, S.-H. and Goyal, A. (2014). ‘Ultra-high performance, high-temperature superconducting wires via cost-effective, scalable, co-evaporation process’. Scientific reports. 4: 4744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors, L. A. and Alvarez, C. (2012). How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kyung, C.-M. (ed.) (2016). Theory and Applications of Smart Cameras. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebastião, D., Martijn Kuipers, B. W. and Correia, L. M. (2015). ‘Exposure Assessment in Heterogeneous Networks Accounting for up- and Downlinks’. In: R. Agüero, T. Zinner, M. García-Lozano, B.-L. Wenning, and A. Timm-Giel (eds.). Mobile Networks and Management: 7th International Conference, MONAMI 2015, Santander, Spain, September 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). In Focus: New Horizons’ Crisp Images Shed New Light On The Origins Of Pluto And Its Moons. 16 July 2015. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Y. M. (2019). Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). ‘Trying to Protect A Zigzag Piece Of a Famed Circle’. New York Times. 2 September: 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teich 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Riser and Johnson 2008; Teich 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riser and Johnson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Other styles