How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heintz, N. (2003). ‘Biomedicine. Ataxin-1 regulators in the spotlight’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 301 (5629): 59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehm, M. and Slack, F. (2005). ‘A developmental timing microRNA and its target regulate life span in C. elegans’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 310 (5756): 1954–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao, Y., Wang, Y. and Felleman, D. J. (2003). ‘A spatially organized representation of colour in macaque cortical area V2’. Nature. 421 (6922): 535–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhuang, H., Zhang, L., Fuchs, R., Staedler, T. and Jiang, X. (2013). ‘When epitaxy meets plasma: a path to ordered nanosheets arrays’. Scientific reports. 3: 2427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaszeta, D. (2012). CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McDonald, B. (2012). Pro SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services. Third Edition. S. McGehee and R. Landrum (eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, A. Y. (2016). ‘Defecography: Technique, Interpretation and Clinical Application’. In: U. C. Ghoshal (ed.). Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and its Disorders. New Delhi: Springer India, pp. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). On brown dwarfs, storms of molten iron are always forecast. 9 January 2014. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Improved Management of Computer Resources Needed To Enhance Marine Corps’ Efficiency and Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llerena, K. (2010). The social behaviors and emotional characteristics of individuals elevated on social anhedonia. Doctoral dissertation. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Giordano, M. A. (2013). ‘New Frontier for Topics In Science: Social Media’. New York Times. 1 January: D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heintz 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Boehm and Slack 2005; Heintz 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehm and Slack 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhuang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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