How to format your references using the British Journal of Industrial Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Industrial Relations (BJIR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, C.-T. A. (2004). ‘Geophysics. Are Earth’s core and mantle on speaking terms?’ Science (New York, N.Y.). 306 (5693): 64–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Subang, M. C. and Richardson, P. M. (2009). ‘Neuroscience. Nuclear power for axonal growth’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 326 (5950): 238–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duan, Q., Goodale, E. and Quan, R.-C. (2014). ‘Bird fruit preferences match the frequency of fruit colours in tropical Asia’. Scientific reports. 4: 5627.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buneo, C. A., Jarvis, M. R., Batista, A. P. and Andersen, R. A. (2002). ‘Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching’. Nature. 416 (6881): 632–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W., Shmulevich, I. and Astola, J. (2005). Microarray Quality Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bray, M., Adamson, B. and Mason, M. (eds.) (2014). Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods. Second Edition. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera, F. and Lozano, M. (2009). ‘Fuzzy Evolutionary Algorithms and Genetic Fuzzy Systems: A Positive Collaboration between Evolutionary Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems’. In: C. L. Mumford and L. C. Jain (eds.). Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 83–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Industrial Relations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). We Found Only One-Third Of Published Psychology Research Is Reliable – Now What? 28 August 2015. IFLScience. (accessed30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980). Need To Ensure Nondiscrimination in CETA Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eyers, B. M. (2011). An Analysis of Remote Biometric Authentication with Windows. Doctoral dissertation. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008). ‘Over the Years, It Feels Right at Home’. New York Times. 18 May: LI4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2004; Subang and Richardson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subang and Richardson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Buneo et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Industrial Relations
AbbreviationBr. J. Ind. Relat.
ISSN (print)0007-1080
ISSN (online)1467-8543
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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