How to format your references using the Applied Mathematical Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematical Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bhattacharya, S. (2014). Science in court: Disease detectives. Nature, 506(7489), 424–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geschwind, D. H., & Konopka, G. (2009). Neuroscience in the era of functional genomics and systems biology. Nature, 461(7266), 908–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storey, M., Duncan, R. A., & Swisher, C. C., 3rd. (2007). Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 587–589.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Che, S., Liu, Z., Ohsuna, T., Sakamoto, K., Terasaki, O., & Tatsumi, T. (2004). Synthesis and characterization of chiral mesoporous silica. Nature, 429(6989), 281–284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter, J. (2013). Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Flower, D. R., & Perrie, Y. (Eds.). (2013). Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines (Vol. 5). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, J., & Stoeckli, E. (2012). Tactile Perception. In J. Scott & E. Stoeckli (Eds.), Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research (pp. 87–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematical Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). Hearing Ghost Voices Relies On Pseudoscience And Fallibility Of Human Perception. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response (No. GAO-14-512). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patel, V. M. (2010). Sparse and redundant representations for inverse problems and recognition (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder, A. (2014, September 17). Pennsylvania Officials Identify Suspect in Ambush at Barracks. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhattacharya, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bhattacharya, 2014; Geschwind & Konopka, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geschwind & Konopka, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Storey, Duncan, & Swisher, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Che et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematical Finance
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Finance
ISSN (print)1350-486X
ISSN (online)1466-4313
Applied Mathematics

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