How to format your references using the Applied Mathematical Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematical Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gu, L. (2003). Comment on “Climate and management contributions to recent trends in U.S. agricultural yields.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1505; author reply 1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gneiting, T., & Raftery, A. E. (2005). Atmospheric science. Weather forecasting with ensemble methods. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 248–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoeva, M. V., Yin, H., & Flier, J. S. (2005). Neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of adult mice: potential role in energy balance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 679–683.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hong, K., Nishiyama, M., Henley, J., Tessier-Lavigne, M., & Poo, M. (2000). Calcium signalling in the guidance of nerve growth by netrin-1. Nature, 403(6765), 93–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas, S., Ray, P., & Chakrabarti, B. K. (2015). Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Coff, C., Barling, D., Korthals, M., & Nielsen, T. (Eds.). (2008). Ethical Traceability and Communicating Food (Vol. 15). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Karwatowski, M., Russek, P., Wielgosz, M., Koryciak, S., & Wiatr, K. (2016). Energy Efficient Calculations of Text Similarity Measure on FPGA-Accelerated Computing Platforms. In R. Wyrzykowski, E. Deelman, J. Dongarra, K. Karczewski, J. Kitowski, & K. Wiatr (Eds.), Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 11th International Conference, PPAM 2015, Krakow, Poland, September 6-9, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, Part I (pp. 31–40). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematical Finance.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 7). Optical Illusion Zebra Crossings Are Appearing In India. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Transportation Infrastructure: Impacts of Utility Relocations on Highway and Bridge Projects (RCED-99-131). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dusenberry, W. (2017). Integrating depth psychology in adolescent court-mandated treatment facilities: Increasing treatment efficacy and client engagement [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davidson, A. (2012, December 19). God Save the British Economy. New York Times, MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gu, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gneiting & Raftery, 2005; Gu, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gneiting & Raftery, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Kokoeva et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hong et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematical Finance
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Finance
ISSN (print)1350-486X
ISSN (online)1466-4313
Applied Mathematics

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