How to format your references using the Applied Mathematical Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematical Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich, O. (2004). A radical reorientation. Nature, 430(6998), 407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartl, F. U., & Hayer-Hartl, M. (2002). Molecular chaperones in the cytosol: from nascent chain to folded protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5561), 1852–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarf, D., Hayne, H., & Colombo, M. (2011). Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1664.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vogeli, K. M., Jin, S.-W., Martin, G. R., & Stainier, D. Y. R. (2006). A common progenitor for haematopoietic and endothelial lineages in the zebrafish gastrula. Nature, 443(7109), 337–339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, S. K., & Handelsman, M. M. (2009). Ethics for Psychotherapists and Counselors. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Botti, V. (2008). ANEMONA: A Mulit-agent Methodology for Holonic Manufacturing Systems (A. Giret, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morganti, R. (2012). Using HI Absorption to Trace Outflows from Galaxies and Feeding of AGN. In D. Barbosa, S. Anton, L. Gurvits, & D. Maia (Eds.), The Square Kilometre Array: Paving the way for the new 21st century radio astronomy paradigm: Proceedings of Symposium 7 of JENAM 2010 (pp. 31–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematical Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 15). DARPA Has Created Self-Guided, Mid-Flight Changing Bullets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Made Progress, but Much Work Remains to Fully Share Medical Information (GAO-05-1051T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogg, J. H. (2014). An assessment of social vulnerability in Yuba County, California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, November 15). A Painter of Clouds, Revisited. New York Times, CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gingerich, 2004; Hartl & Hayer-Hartl, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartl & Hayer-Hartl, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Scarf et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vogeli et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematical Finance
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Finance
ISSN (print)1350-486X
ISSN (online)1466-4313
Applied Mathematics

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