How to format your references using the Applied Mathematical Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematical Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kumar, S. (2012). Extinction need not be forever. Nature, 492(7427), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Entcheva, E., & Williams, J. C. (2014). Channelrhodopsin2 current during the action potential: “optical AP clamp” and approximation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy, S., Draghi, J. A., & Plotkin, J. B. (2011). Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1160–1161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pridans, C., Sauter, K. A., Baer, K., Kissel, H., & Hume, D. A. (2013). CSF1R mutations in hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids are loss of function. Scientific Reports, 3, 3013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waupsh, J. (2016). Bankruption. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sadiku, M. N. O. (2013). Performance Analysis of Computer Networks (S. M. Musa, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, X., & Zhou, Y. (2013). Additional Reading. In Y. Zhou (Ed.), Android Malware (pp. 33–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematical Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 14). Early Scorpions May Have Transitioned To Land Earlier Than Thought. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Aviation Security: Efforts to Validate TSA’s Passenger Screening Behavior Detection Program Underway, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Validation and Address Operational Challenges (GAO-10-763). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wistrom, C. A. (2017). Perceptions of School Leaders Regarding the Benefits of Leadership Dashboards [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vanderwoude, M. (2016, June 28). Odd Question From a Man of God. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kumar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Entcheva & Williams, 2014; Kumar, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Entcheva & Williams, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kryazhimskiy et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pridans et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematical Finance
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Finance
ISSN (print)1350-486X
ISSN (online)1466-4313
Applied Mathematics

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