How to format your references using the International Journal of Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Midgley M. 2001. Being objective. Nature, 410(6830): 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kueh HY, Mitchison TJ. 2009. Structural plasticity in actin and tubulin polymer dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943): 960–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaochar S, Paek AL, Weinert T. 2010. Genetics. Replication error amplified. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994): 911–913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quan C, Liu Y-SC, Tang H, Utescher T. 2014. Miocene shift of European atmospheric circulation from trade wind to westerlies. Scientific reports, 4: 5660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilbao S. 2005. Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Luo Y. 2016. Economics of Database-Assisted Spectrum Sharing. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dixon JC. 2010. Canyonlands and Arches: Windows on Landscapes in the American Southwest. In: Migon P (ed) Geomorphological Landscapes of the World. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Climatology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016. Titanosaur Babies Were Surprisingly Precocious. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Balakrishnan G. 2017. Cognitive radio cooperative spectrum sensing. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. 2017. Prosecutors Say Chelsea Bombing Suspect Had ‘Evil in His Heart.’ New York Times, 12 October, page A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Midgley, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Midgley, 2001; Kueh and Mitchison, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kueh and Mitchison, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Quan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Climatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0899-8418
ISSN (online)1097-0088
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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