How to format your references using the International Journal of Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. 2015. Carl Djerassi (1923-2015). Nature, 519(7541): 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hitz M-P, Andelfinger G. 2015. Cardiology: Race for healthy hearts. Nature, 520(7546): 160–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bockrath C, Ballhaus C, Holzheid A. 2004. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692): 1951–1953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin H-K, Chen Z, Wang G, Nardella C, Lee S-W, Chan C-H, Yang W-L, Wang J, Egia A, Nakayama KI, Cordon-Cardo C, Teruya-Feldstein J, Pandolfi PP. 2010. Skp2 targeting suppresses tumorigenesis by Arf-p53-independent cellular senescence. Nature, 464(7287): 374–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa M. 2015. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mächtle W. 2006. Analytical Ultracentrifugation of Polymers and Nanoparticles. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tilley E, Zurbrügg C, Lüthi C. 2010. A Flowstream Approach for Sustainable Sanitation Systems. In: van Vliet B, Spaargaren G and Oosterveer P (eds) Social Perspectives on the Sanitation Challenge. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Climatology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Biotech Company Granted Ethical Permission To Attempt To Use Stem Cells To Reactivate The Brains Of The Dead. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Stronger Actions Needed To Recover $730 Million in Defaulted National Direct Student Loans. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sever RS. 2017. A Quantitative Descriptive Study Using the Theoretical Domains Framework to Investigate and Compare the Psychotropic Medication Prescribing Behavior of Primary Care Prescribers. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. The Future Comes to a Place That Hasn’t Always Had One. New York Times, 11 February, page 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2015; Hitz and Andelfinger, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hitz and Andelfinger, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Climatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0899-8418
ISSN (online)1097-0088
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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