How to format your references using the International Journal of Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N. 2009. Systems biology: Playing by the rules. Nature 460(7253): 417.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. 2003. Conservation. Caffeine and conservation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5619): 587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat D, Samanta SK, Bhattacharya S. 2013. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Scientific reports 3: 1294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eden S, Rohatgi R, Podtelejnikov AV, Mann M, Kirschner MW. 2002. Mechanism of regulation of WAVE1-induced actin nucleation by Rac1 and Nck. Nature 418(6899): 790–793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna VK. 2005. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hinchey M, Pagnoni A, Rammig FJ, Schmeck H (eds). 2008. Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Second IFIP TC 10 International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing, September 8–9, 2008, Milano, Italy. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
De S, Bhattacharyya S, Chakraborty S, Dutta P. 2016. Self-supervised Grey Level Image Segmentation Using Multi-Objective-Based Optimised MUSIG (OptiMUSIG) Activation Function. In: Bhattacharyya S, Chakraborty S and Dutta P (eds) Hybrid Soft Computing for Multilevel Image and Data Segmentation. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 125–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Climatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. How To Make Edible Water Bottles. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Digital Television Transition: Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program Is Under Way, but Preparedness to Manage an Increase in Subsidy Demand Is Unclear. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladendorff MZ. 2014. The effect of North American Electric Reliability Corporation critical infrastructure protection standards on bulk electric system reliability. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. 2017. Silvery, Then Raucous: A Leap Across Time. New York Times, 16 August, page C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2009; O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Eden et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Climatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0899-8418
ISSN (online)1097-0088
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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