How to format your references using the International Journal of Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willner I. 2002. Tech.Sight. Bioelectronics. Biomaterials for sensors, fuel cells, and circuitry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602): 2407–2408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamerdinger M, Deuerling E. 2014. Biochemistry. Trigger factor flexibility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184): 590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Larsen RE, Glover WJ, Schwartz BJ. 2010. Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity? Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5987): 65–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zazula GD, Froese DG, Schweger CE, Mathewes RW, Beaudoin AB, Telka AM, Harington CR, Westgate JA. 2003. Palaeobotany: Ice-age steppe vegetation in east Beringia. Nature, 423(6940): 603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor D. 2009. God, Evil, and Design. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Chen W, Yin G, Zhao G, Han Q, Jing W, Sun G, Lu Z (eds). 2016. Big Data Technology and Applications: First National Conference, BDTA 2015, Harbin, China, December 25-26, 2015. Proceedings. Springer: Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Sass R. 2014. Data Banks of Electrolytes. In: Kreysa G, Ota K-I and Savinell RF (eds) Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry. Springer: New York, NY, 291–294.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Climatology.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. This Is What It Looks Like Inside A Beatboxer’s Throat. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Bank Regulators’ Evaluation of Electronic Signature Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman Y. 2008. The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967. Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2016. Affordability in a Bucolic Setting. New York Times, 2 November, page RE17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Willner, 2002; Gamerdinger and Deuerling, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gamerdinger and Deuerling, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zazula et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Climatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0899-8418
ISSN (online)1097-0088
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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