How to format your references using the East Asian Archives of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston JD. An electromagnetic personality. Nature. 2000 Sep 28;407(6803):453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber WJ, Ewing RC. Plutonium immobilization and radiation effects. Science. 2000 Sep 22;289(5487):2051–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goodman DB, Church GM, Kosuri S. Causes and effects of N-terminal codon bias in bacterial genes. Science. 2013 Oct 25;342(6157):475–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Croucher NJ, Harris SR, Fraser C, Quail MA, Burton J, van der Linden M, et al. Rapid pneumococcal evolution in response to clinical interventions. Science. 2011 Jan 28;331(6016):430–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante PA, Ovaska SJ. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Parinov IA, Chang SH, Topolov VY, editors. Advanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXV, 707 p. 365 illus., 208 illus. in color. (Springer Proceedings in Physics; vol. 175).
A chapter in an edited book
Camenisch J, Dubovitskaya M, Kohlweiss M, Lapon J, Neven G. Cryptographic Mechanisms for Privacy. In: Camenisch J, Fischer-Hübner S, Rannenberg K, editors. Privacy and Identity Management for Life. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 117–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Archaeologists Map Underwater Mesolithic Stone Age Settlement [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Aug. Report No.: GGD-88-92BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills CC. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman S. A New Life for Refugees, and the City They Adopted. New York Times. 2014 Aug 11;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry
AbbreviationEast Asian Arch. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)2078-9947
ISSN (online)2224-7041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles