How to format your references using the East Asian Archives of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeFelice LJ. Going against the flow. Nature. 2004 Nov 18;432(7015):279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart I, Cohen J. Monolith. Nature. 2000;408(6815):913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao YC, Jin R, Mirkin CA. Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection. Science. 2002 Aug 30;297(5586):1536–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang L, Kiselova N, Rosén J, Ilag LL. Quantification of neurotoxin BMAA (β-N-methylamino-L-alanine) in seafood from Swedish markets. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 6;4:6931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, Morgan D, Raff M, Roberts K, et al. Molekularbiologie der Zelle. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Lip GYH, Shantsila E, editors. Handbook of Oral Anticoagulation. 2nd ed. 2013. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2013. IX, 88 p. 6 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Leino OT. Untangling Gameplay: An Account of Experience, Activity and Materiality Within Computer Game Play. In: Sageng JR, Fossheim H, Mandt Larsen T, editors. The Philosophy of Computer Games. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 57–75. (Philosophy of Engineering and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Taub B. Scientists Have Turned Spinach Into A Bomb Detector. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bid Rejection Protest. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Aug. Report No.: B-178720.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huger Marsh DP. Perspectives of disciplinary problems and practices in elementary schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. College Where $5 Million Makes a Difference. New York Times. 2008 Mar 9;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry
AbbreviationEast Asian Arch. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)2078-9947
ISSN (online)2224-7041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles