How to format your references using the East Asian Archives of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Biologists wary that cash up front could mean cuts later. Nature. 2003 Feb 13;421(6924):677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes RJ, Noble IR. Climate change. Storing carbon on land. Science. 2001 Nov 2;294(5544):1012–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker JD, Burkepile DE, Hay ME. Opposing effects of native and exotic herbivores on plant invasions. Science. 2006 Mar 10;311(5766):1459–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hirata H, Yoshiura S, Ohtsuka T, Bessho Y, Harada T, Yoshikawa K, et al. Oscillatory expression of the bHLH factor Hes1 regulated by a negative feedback loop. Science. 2002 Oct 25;298(5594):840–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai T. Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Friesen N, Henriksson C, Saevi T, editors. Hermeneutic Phenomenology in Education: Method and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. VI, 222 p. (Practice of Research Method; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
Senesky DG, Jamshidi B. MEMS Strain Sensors for Intelligent Structural Systems. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, editor. New Developments in Sensing Technology for Structural Health Monitoring. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 63–74. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Beware Of Undercooked Chicken Livers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Construction: Sallie Mae Financing Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: HRD-93-61.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding H. Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Hobbled Rotation Takes Another Big Hit Before a Loss to the Nationals. New York Times. 2016 Sep 3;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry
AbbreviationEast Asian Arch. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)2078-9947
ISSN (online)2224-7041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles