How to format your references using the East Asian Archives of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen J. High-temperature superconductivity: electron mirages in an iron salt. Nature. 2014 Nov 13;515(7526):205–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weatherhead EC, Andersen SB. The search for signs of recovery of the ozone layer. Nature. 2006 May 4;441(7089):39–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomishige M, Klopfenstein DR, Vale RD. Conversion of Unc104/KIF1A kinesin into a processive motor after dimerization. Science. 2002 Sep 27;297(5590):2263–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Abbondanzieri EA, Greenleaf WJ, Shaevitz JW, Landick R, Block SM. Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase. Nature. 2005 Nov 24;438(7067):460–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mysak J. Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Sha E, Han SK, Xu CZ, Kim MH, Yang LT, Xiao B, editors. Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing: International Conference, EUC 2006, Seoul, Korea, August 1-4, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XXIV, 1170 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4096).
A chapter in an edited book
Sugiyama Y, Fujita S. The Demography and Reproductive Parameters of Bossou Chimpanzees. In: Matsuzawa T, Humle T, Sugiyama Y, editors. The Chimpanzees of Bossou and Nimba. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011. p. 23–34. (Matsuzawa T, Yamagiwa J, editors. Primatology Monographs).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East Asian Archives of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang J. Mixing Marijuana With Alcohol Increases THC Concentrations in Your Blood [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Default Rates at HBCUs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Mar. Report No.: HEHS-94-97R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp TM. CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Abortion Case May Be Central In Confirmation. New York Times. 2005 Nov 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry
AbbreviationEast Asian Arch. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)2078-9947
ISSN (online)2224-7041
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles