How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goudsmit, Jaap. 2014. “Retrospective. Joep Lange (1954-2014).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6199): 881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, Christopher B., and Vicente R. Barros. 2015. “CLIMATE CHANGE. Added Value from IPCC Approval Sessions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6256): 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lovejoy, C. O., K. G. Heiple, and R. S. Meindl. 2001. “Palaeoanthropology: Did Our Ancestors Knuckle-Walk?” Nature 410 (6826): 325–326.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aoki, Y., G. Endrodi, Z. Fodor, S. D. Katz, and K. K. Szabó. 2006. “The Order of the Quantum Chromodynamics Transition Predicted by the Standard Model of Particle Physics.” Nature 443 (7112): 675–678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna, Vinod Kumar. 2005. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dunworth, Katie, and Grace Zhang, eds. 2014. Critical Perspectives on Language Education: Australia and the Asia Pacific. Vol. 11. Multilingual Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kastrinogiannis, Timotheos, Nikolay Tcholtchev, Arun Prakash, Ranganai Chaparadza, Vassilios Kaldanis, Hakan Coskun, and Symeon Papavassiliou. 2011. “Addressing Stability in Future Autonomic Networking.” In Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Kostas Pentikousis, Ramón Agüero, Marta García-Arranz, and Symeon Papavassiliou, 50–61. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Security.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “New Rover Will Reach Mars In 2018 And Drill Two Meters Below The Surface In Search Of Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. FAA Computer Systems: Limited Progress on Year 2000 Issue Increases Risk Dramatically. AIMD-98-45. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klyce, Lindsay Reece. 2008. “Assessing Parent-Child Agreement on an Eating Disorder Symptom Questionnaire.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, George. 2017. “Losing Her Friends for the Love of Trump.” New York Times, February 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goudsmit 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Goudsmit 2014; Field and Barros 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Barros 2015)
  • Three authors: (Lovejoy, Heiple, and Meindl 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Aoki et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Security
ISSN (print)2162-4887
ISSN (online)2162-4909

Other styles