How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach, D. J. 2001. “Surface Science. Hitting the Surface--Softly.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5551): 2488–2489.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Keefe, F. R., and L. M. Chiappe. 2011. “Viviparity and K-Selected Life History in a Mesozoic Marine Plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6044): 870–873.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernhard, Helen, Urs Fischbacher, and Ernst Fehr. 2006. “Parochial Altruism in Humans.” Nature 442 (7105): 912–915.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Beattie, Eric C., David Stellwagen, Wade Morishita, Jacqueline C. Bresnahan, Byeong Keun Ha, Mark Von Zastrow, Michael S. Beattie, and Robert C. Malenka. 2002. “Control of Synaptic Strength by Glial TNFalpha.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5563): 2282–2285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard, John, and Vincent J. Kovarik Jr. 2007. Software Defined Radio. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hazzan, Orit. 2014. Agile Anywhere: Essays on Agile Projects and Beyond. Edited by Yael Dubinsky. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yehezkel, Cecile, and Bruria Haberman. 2006. “Bridging the Gap Between School Computing and the ‘Real World.’” In Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings, edited by Roland T. Mittermeir, 38–47. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “After The Supermoon, Comes The Supertide.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers. GAO-03-1175R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Riley, Jenny Marie. 2017. “Was Sloth the Ultimate Slow Food? An Archaeological Examination of Padre Nuestro Cavern, Dominican Republic.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chen, David W., and J. David Goodman. 2013. “In Naming Top Police Official, De Blasio May Signal Change.” New York Times, November 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Auerbach 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Auerbach 2001; O’Keefe and Chiappe 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Keefe and Chiappe 2011)
  • Three authors: (Bernhard, Fischbacher, and Fehr 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Beattie et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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