How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, Cassandra. 2010. “Joining Forces.” Nature 466 (7304): S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu, Vlad, and David Erickson. 2013. “High Volumetric Power Density, Non-Enzymatic, Glucose Fuel Cells.” Scientific Reports 3 (February): 1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser, Trish E., Robert V. Intine, and Miroslav Dundr. 2008. “De Novo Formation of a Subnuclear Body.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5908): 1713–1717.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Winter, Sebastian E., Parameth Thiennimitr, Maria G. Winter, Brian P. Butler, Douglas L. Huseby, Robert W. Crawford, Joseph M. Russell, et al. 2010. “Gut Inflammation Provides a Respiratory Electron Acceptor for Salmonella.” Nature 467 (7314): 426–429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMillan, Edward J. 2010. Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meduna, Alexander. 2014. Regulated Grammars and Automata. Edited by Petr Zemek. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rambaldi, Alicia N., D. S. Prasada Rao, and K. Renuka Ganegodage. 2010. “Modelling Spatially Correlated Error Structures in the Time-Space Extrapolation of Purchasing Power Parities.” In Price Indexes in Time and Space: Methods and Practice, edited by Luigi Biggeri and Guido Ferrari, 63–96. Contributions to Statistics. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Asteroid Mining Company Reveals New Mission To Land On An Asteroid By 2020.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. FAA’s Voice Communications and Administrative Computer Systems. T-IMTEC-89-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckenridge, Courtney. 2017. “Measuring Object and Attribute Salience in 2014 Illinois Gubernatorial Endorsements.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. “Election Influence, Separate and Unequal.” New York Times, July 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Willyard 2010; Oncescu and Erickson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oncescu and Erickson 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kaiser, Intine, and Dundr 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Winter et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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