How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marks, Tobin J. 2007. “Retrospective: Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5822): 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samuel, I. D., and A. Beeby. 2000. “Display Technology. Sidestepping the Selection Rules.” Nature 403 (6771): 710–711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angelakis, Dimitris G., P. Das, and C. Noh. 2014. “Probing the Topological Properties of the Jackiw-Rebbi Model with Light.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6110.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peng, Chao, Ronald J. Gathagan, Dustin J. Covell, Coraima Medellin, Anna Stieber, John L. Robinson, Bin Zhang, et al. 2018. “Cellular Milieu Imparts Distinct Pathological α-Synuclein Strains in α-Synucleinopathies.” Nature 557 (7706): 558–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, Dominique, Aurelian Fatu, and Dominique Souchet. 2014. Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berliner, Lawrence, and Graeme Hanson, eds. 2009. High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine. Vol. 28. Biological Magnetic Resonance. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersson, Daniel, Vladimir Gurvich, and Thomas Dueholm Hansen. 2009. “On Acyclicity of Games with Cycles.” In Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 5th International Conference, AAIM 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Andrew V. Goldberg and Yunhong Zhou, 15–28. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “The Biggest Coral Bleaching Event In History Will Hit The US Coral Reefs Hard.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Comments on JTPA Bills. HRD-92-35R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, G. Greg. 2013. “Long-Term Effects of Care Management on Mortality, Hospitalizations, and Medicare Costs Among Chronically-Ill Medicare Beneficiaries.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Whimsical Boyfriends.” New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marks 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Marks 2007; Samuel and Beeby 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Samuel and Beeby 2000)
  • Three authors: (Angelakis, Das, and Noh 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peng et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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