How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hakim, Antoine M. 2014. “Perspective: Silent, but Preventable, Perils.” Nature 510 (7506): S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reisz, R. R., and H. D. Sues. 2000. “The ‘feathers’ of Longisquama.” Nature 408 (6811): 428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, Hiroaki, Philip R. Lee, and R. Douglas Fields. 2011. “Control of Local Protein Synthesis and Initial Events in Myelination by Action Potentials.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6049): 1647–1651.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Koch, George W., Stephen C. Sillett, Gregory M. Jennings, and Stephen D. Davis. 2004. “The Limits to Tree Height.” Nature 428 (6985): 851–854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sexton, Don. 2009. Trump University Marketing 101. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sirdeshmukh, D. B. 2006. Micro- and Macro-Properties of Solids: Thermal, Mechanical and Dielectric Properties. Edited by L. Sirdeshmukh and K. G. Subhadra. Vol. 80. Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, Vidit. 2016. “Domain Adaptation for Face Detection.” In Machine Intelligence and Signal Processing, edited by Richa Singh, Mayank Vatsa, Angshul Majumdar, and Ajay Kumar, 37–54. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Ring of Stellar Fire Surrounds 12-Billion-Year-Old Galaxy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases. FGMSD-77-48. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph, Cynthia S. 2015. “Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2007. “Crime Lab Gets a Shot in the Arm.” New York Times, September 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hakim 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hakim 2014; Reisz and Sues 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reisz and Sues 2000)
  • Three authors: (Wake, Lee, and Fields 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Koch et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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