How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torsvik, Trond H. 2003. “Geology. The Rodinia Jigsaw Puzzle.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5624): 1379–1381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lancaster, Madeline A., and Juergen A. Knoblich. 2014. “Organogenesis in a Dish: Modeling Development and Disease Using Organoid Technologies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6194): 1247125.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yashiro, Kenta, Hidetaka Shiratori, and Hiroshi Hamada. 2007. “Haemodynamics Determined by a Genetic Programme Govern Asymmetric Development of the Aortic Arch.” Nature 450 (7167): 285–288.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kuiken, Thijs, Ron Fouchier, Guus Rimmelzwaan, Albert Osterhaus, and Peter Roeder. 2006. “Feline Friend or Potential Foe?” Nature 440 (7085): 741–742.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benmammar, Badr, and Asma Amraoui. 2013. Radio Resource Allocation and Dynamic Spectrum Access. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bationo, Andre, Boaz Waswa, Jeremiah M. Okeyo, Fredah Maina, Job Kihara, and Uzo Mokwunye, eds. 2011. Fighting Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Multiple Roles of Legumes in Integrated Soil Fertility Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Daliot, Ariel, and Danny Dolev. 2005. “Self-Stabilization of Byzantine Protocols.” In Self-Stabilizing Systems: 7th International Symposium, SSS 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 26-27, 2005. Proceedings, edited by Sébastien Tixeuil and Ted Herman, 48–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Here’s What It Takes To Raise Seriously Smart Kids, According To A 45-Year-Long Study.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Department of Education: Information Needs Are at the Core of Management Challenges Facing the Department. T-HEHS-98-124. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, Tunisia. 2017. “Project Motherhood: A Grant Proposal Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben, and Neil MacFARQUHAR. 2016. “New Cease-Fire Begins in Syria, but Violations Are Reported Within Hours.” New York Times, December 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torsvik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Torsvik 2003; Lancaster and Knoblich 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lancaster and Knoblich 2014)
  • Three authors: (Yashiro, Shiratori, and Hamada 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kuiken et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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