How to format your references using the Gender and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, Deb. 2003. “Nuts and Bolts.” Nature 426 (6962): 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, P. A., and R. D. Norris. 2001. “Warm Tropical Ocean Surface and Global Anoxia during the Mid-Cretaceous Period.” Nature 412 (6845): 425–429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iborra, F. J., D. A. Jackson, and P. R. Cook. 2001. “Coupled Transcription and Translation within Nuclei of Mammalian Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5532): 1139–1142.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Deshpande, Vikram V., Bhupesh Chandra, Robert Caldwell, Dmitry S. Novikov, James Hone, and Marc Bockrath. 2009. “Mott Insulating State in Ultraclean Carbon Nanotubes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5910): 106–110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. 2010. Running an Effective Investor Relations Department. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Orrell, Janice, and David D. Curtis, eds. 2016. Publishing Higher Degree Research: Making the Transition from Student to Researcher. Higher Education Horizons. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Wattanapruttipaisan, Thitapha. 2015. “The Topology of ASEAN FTAs, with Special Reference to IP-Related Provisions.” In Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region, edited by Christoph Antons and Reto M. Hilty, 109–152. MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender and Education.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Documentary Reveals 90% of Minke Whales Hunted By Norway Are Female And Pregnant.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Denial of Protest Involving Solicitation’s Evaluation Standard. B-181165. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Scott. 2009. “Historiography, Prophecy, and Literature: ‘Divina Retribución’ and Its Underlying Ideological Agenda.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “As to the Direction of the Roberts Court: The Jury Is Still Out.” New York Times, March 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2003; Wilson and Norris 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Norris 2001)
  • Three authors: (Iborra, Jackson, and Cook 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Deshpande et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender and Education
AbbreviationGend. Educ.
ISSN (print)0954-0253
ISSN (online)1360-0516
Gender Studies

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