How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Callaway E. Computers read the fossil record. Nature 523: 115–116, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey RL, Mohanty P. Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 437: 995–998, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM. Transmission intensity and impact of control policies on the foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain. Nature 413: 542–548, 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang HJ, Yamamoto S, Fukaya Y, Maekawa M, Li H, Kawasuso A, Seki T, Saitoh E, Takanashi K. Current-induced spin polarization on metal surfaces probed by spin-polarized positron beam. Sci Rep 4: 4844, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz Z, Zbierski P. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997.
An edited book
Chaichian M. Basic Concepts in Physics: From the Cosmos to Quarks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Greffet J-J. Introduction to Surface Plasmon Theory. In: Plasmonics: From Basics to Advanced Topics, edited by Enoch S, Bonod N. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, p. 105–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. An Unseen Asteroid Passed Very Close To Earth Last Sunday [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Planning for the Security of Local Area Networks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna SG. Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish. Indiana University: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cohen P. Storms Lead Jobs to Fall; First Decline In 7 Years. New York Times: B1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0363-6135
ISSN (online)1522-1539
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles