How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Batygin K. A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature 491: 418–420, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Errami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations. Nature 451: 397–399, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cai L, Friedman N, Xie XS. Stochastic protein expression in individual cells at the single molecule level. Nature 440: 358–362, 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Whiten A, McGrew WC, Aiello LC, Boesch C, Boyd R, Byrne RW, Dunbar RIM, Matsuzawa T, Silk JB, Tomasello M, van Schaik CP, Wrangham R. Studying extant species to model our past. Science 327: 410; author reply 410-1, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
French M, Szepesvári C, Rogers E. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
1.
Loriaux L, editor. Endocrine Emergencies: Recognition and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jampani R, Üngör A. Construction of Sparse Well-spaced Point Sets for Quality Tetrahedralizations. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Meshing Roundtable, edited by Brewer ML, Marcum D. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Boiling Water On Mars Could Explain How Its Dark Streaks Form [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/boiling-water-mars-could-explain-how-its-dark-streaks-form/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Faces Immediate and Long-Term Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stephens BS. Understanding CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 Activation by CXC Chemokine Ligand 12. University of California San Diego: 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Liptak A, Walsh MW. Justices Reject Puerto Rico Law in Case on Restructuring Debt. New York Times: B3, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 5, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0363-6135
ISSN (online)1522-1539
ScopePhysiology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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