How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald GA. Medicine. Can intellectual property save drug development? Science 338: 483–484, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Federman SR, Young ED. Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO.” Science 324: 1516; author reply 1516, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y-L, Kinloch IA, Windle AH. Direct spinning of carbon nanotube fibers from chemical vapor deposition synthesis. Science 304: 276–278, 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takamoto DY, Aydil E, Zasadzinski JA, Ivanova AT, Schwartz DK, Yang T, Cremer PS. Stable ordering in Langmuir-Blodgett films. Science 293: 1292–1295, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito R. Electrochemical Water Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Hamel AH, Heyde F, Löhne A, Rudloff B, Schrage C, editors. Set Optimization and Applications - The State of the Art: From Set Relations to Set-Valued Risk Measures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang Y-S, Kearney P. Study One: Mindfulness Intervention for Mothers. In: A Mindfulness Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: New Directions in Research and Practice, edited by Kearney P. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, p. 59–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Deep Ocean Harbours 95% Of All Ocean Fish [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2014. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Statewide Transportation Planning: Opportunities Exist to Transition to Performance-Based Planning and Federal Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kress DM. A phenomenological study exploring executive coaching: Understanding perceptions of self-awareness and leadership behavior changes. University of Phoenix: 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. An Homage to France. New York Times: NJ9, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0363-6135
ISSN (online)1522-1539
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles