How to format your references using the Habitat International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Habitat International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts, B. (2011). Editor’s Note. Science (New York, N.Y.).
A journal article with 2 authors
Hiiragi, T., & Solter, D. (2004). First cleavage plane of the mouse egg is not predetermined but defined by the topology of the two apposing pronuclei. Nature, 430(6997), 360–364.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, T., Goujon, C., & Malim, M. H. (2012). AIDS/HIV. HIV interplay with SAMHD1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6074), 1313–1314.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, W., Scott, A. P., Siefkes, M. J., Yan, H., Liu, Q., Yun, S.-S., & Gage, D. A. (2002). Bile Acid secreted by male sea lamprey that acts as a sex pheromone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 138–141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous, B., Fa, R., & Nandi, A. K. (2015). Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marcus, A. (Ed.). (2013). Design, User Experience, and Usability. Health, Learning, Playing, Cultural, and Cross-Cultural User Experience: Second International Conference, DUXU 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8013). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukuda, Y. (2011). Monitoring Groundwater Variations Using Precise Gravimetry on Land and from Space. In M. Taniguchi (Ed.), Groundwater and Subsurface Environments: Human Impacts in Asian Coastal Cities (pp. 85–112). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Habitat International.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 9). Live Long, Die Green And Leave A Biodegradable Corpse. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition (IMTEC-88-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C. (2013). It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Specht, M. H. (2015, August 16). Cut and Color. New York Times, BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts, 2011; Hiiragi & Solter, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hiiragi & Solter, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Schaller et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHabitat International
AbbreviationHabitat Int.
ISSN (print)0197-3975
ScopeUrban Studies

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