How to format your references using the e-Neuroforum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for e-Neuroforum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vargas-Parada L (2012) Pathology: Three questions. Nature 488:S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Etterson JR, Shaw RG (2001) Constraint to adaptive evolution in response to global warming. Science 294:151–154
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L (2001) Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature 412:417–419
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Organ CL, Schweitzer MH, Zheng W, et al (2008) Molecular phylogenetics of mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 320:499

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diab WW, Frazier HM (2011) Ethernet in the First Mile. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Billeter M, Orekhov V (2012) Novel Sampling Approaches in Higher Dimensional NMR. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
From PJ, Gravdahl JT, Pettersen KY (2014) Kinematics of Vehicle-Manipulator Systems. In: Gravdahl JT, Pettersen KY (eds) Vehicle-Manipulator Systems: Modeling for Simulation, Analysis, and Control. Springer, London, pp 169–189

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for e-Neuroforum.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Higgs Boson Seen At Work For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Direct Student Loans: Analyses of Borrowers’ Use of the Income Contingent Repayment Option. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido MD (2017) Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2009) The Court Changes the Game. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlee-Neuroforum
ISSN (online)1868-856X

Other styles