How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, Eugene. 2005. “Capital Collaboration Washington DC.” Nature 433 (7026): 664–665.
A journal article with 2 authors
Okubo, Chris H., and Alfred S. McEwen. 2007. “Fracture-Controlled Paleo-Fluid Flow in Candor Chasma, Mars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5814): 983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagle, Nathan, Michael Macy, and Rob Claxton. 2010. “Network Diversity and Economic Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5981): 1029–1031.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nougayrède, Jean-Philippe, Stefan Homburg, Frédéric Taieb, Michèle Boury, Elzbieta Brzuszkiewicz, Gerhard Gottschalk, Carmen Buchrieser, Jörg Hacker, Ulrich Dobrindt, and Eric Oswald. 2006. “Escherichia Coli Induces DNA Double-Strand Breaks in Eukaryotic Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5788): 848–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek, William, and Tylor Wentworth. 2010. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Fan, Yuhong, and George Fisher, eds. 2012. Solar Flare Magnetic Fields and Plasmas. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Pennock, Gordon R. 2010. “Henry George (Harry) Ferguson (1884–1960).” In Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies, Part 2, edited by Marco Ceccarelli, 65–94. History of Mechanism and Machine Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “This Is Why You Should Never Wash Your Contact Lenses With Tap Water.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Unemployment Insurance Information Technology: States Face Challenges in Modernization Efforts. GAO-13-859T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deutsch, David. 2010. “Increased Mental Health Services for the Homeless.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2004. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Arrests In 2 Bombings.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2005; Okubo and McEwen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Okubo and McEwen 2007)
  • Three authors: (Eagle, Macy, and Claxton 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nougayrède et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

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