How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Driehuys, Bastiaan. 2006. “Chemistry. Toward Molecular Imaging with Xenon MRI.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5798): 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi, Fumin, and Mark A. Lemmon. 2011. “Biochemistry. KSR Plays CRAF-Ty.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6033): 1043–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murtagh, G. J., P. S. Dyer, and P. D. Crittenden. 2000. “Sex and the Single Lichen.” Nature 404 (6778): 564.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Millard, S. Sean, John J. Flanagan, Kartik S. Pappu, Wei Wu, and S. Lawrence Zipursky. 2007. “Dscam2 Mediates Axonal Tiling in the Drosophila Visual System.” Nature 447 (7145): 720–724.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, Marvin C. 2007. HPLC. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maragoudakis, Michael E., and Nikos E. Tsopanoglou, eds. 2009. Thrombin: Physiology and Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
von der Malsburg, Christoph. 2014. “Physics and Our Intuitive Outlook on Time.” In Direction of Time, edited by Sergio Albeverio and Philippe Blanchard, 35–48. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Earthquake Effects Spread Far And Wide.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2006 Expenditure Plan. GAO-06-360. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, Roberta J. 2016. “Exploring the Effects of Parasocial Connection on Relaxation Exercise Persistence in Women.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “Riding a Wave, and Treading Water.” New York Times, February 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Driehuys 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Driehuys 2006; Shi and Lemmon 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shi and Lemmon 2011)
  • Three authors: (Murtagh, Dyer, and Crittenden 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Millard et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

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