How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bandfield, Joshua L. 2007. “High-Resolution Subsurface Water-Ice Distributions on Mars.” Nature 447 (7140): 64–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham, Roger, and Vinod Gaur. 2013. “Geophysics. Buildings as Weapons of Mass Destruction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6146): 618–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halberda, Justin, Michèle M. M. Mazzocco, and Lisa Feigenson. 2008. “Individual Differences in Non-Verbal Number Acuity Correlate with Maths Achievement.” Nature 455 (7213): 665–668.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hoyos, C. D., P. A. Agudelo, P. J. Webster, and J. A. Curry. 2006. “Deconvolution of the Factors Contributing to the Increase in Global Hurricane Intensity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5770): 94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maier, Helmut. 2015. Chemiker Im „Dritten Reich“. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Afzalpulkar, Nitin, Vishnu Srivastava, Ghanshyam Singh, and Deepak Bhatnagar, eds. 2016. Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Cognizance in Wireless Communication & Image Processing: ICRCWIP-2014. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Gilbert, John K., and Rosária Justi. 2016. “Learning Scientific Concepts from Modelling-Based Teaching.” In Modelling-Based Teaching in Science Education, edited by Rosária Justi, 81–95. Models and Modeling in Science Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “River Flows Drop As Carbon Dioxide Creates Thirstier Plants.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Long-Standing Weaknesses in Enterprise Architecture Development Need to Be Addressed. GAO-05-702. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe, Rachael M. 2009. “Parental Long-Term Care Choices from the Perspectives of Their Sandwich-Generation Adult Children.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dolnick, Ben. 2017. “Cold Showers.” New York Times, July 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bandfield 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bandfield 2007; Bilham and Gaur 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilham and Gaur 2013)
  • Three authors: (Halberda, Mazzocco, and Feigenson 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hoyos et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

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