How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeki, S. 2000. “Abstraction and Idealism.” Nature 404 (6778): 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veiseh, Omid, and Robert Langer. 2015. “Diabetes: A Smart Insulin Patch.” Nature 524 (7563): 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Rui-Pin, Khian-Hooi Chew, and Sailing He. 2013. “Dynamic Control of Collapse in a Vortex Airy Beam.” Scientific Reports 3: 1406.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jourdie, Violaine, Benoît Moureau, Andrew T. D. Bennett, and Philipp Heeb. 2004. “Ecology: Ultraviolet Reflectance by the Skin of Nestlings.” Nature 431 (7006): 262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, Bradley. 2015. The Possibility of Culture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gutwirth, Serge, Ronald Leenes, and Paul de Hert, eds. 2015. Reforming European Data Protection Law. Vol. 20. Law, Governance and Technology Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Clover, Darlene E., Bruno de O. Jayme, Budd L. Hall, and Shirley Follen. 2013. “The Praxis of Environmental Adult Education.” In The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education, edited by Bruno de O. Jayme, Budd L. Hall, and Shirley Follen, 43–88. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “The Big Picture Of The Universe Reveals The Family Tree Of Galaxies.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. ADP Acquisitions: Immigration and Naturalization Service Should Terminate Its Contract and Recompete. IMTEC-86-5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Tammy. 2012. “Outsider Leadership Transitions: A Phenomenological Study of Army Reserve General Officers.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2006. “An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move.” New York Times, August 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeki 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zeki 2000; Veiseh and Langer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veiseh and Langer 2015)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Chew, and He 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jourdie et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

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