How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindley, D. 2001. “Questions of Direction.” Nature 410 (6826): 305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frey, Brendan J., and Delbert Dueck. 2007. “Clustering by Passing Messages between Data Points.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5814): 972–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Enquist, Brian J., John P. Haskell, and Bruce H. Tiffney. 2002. “General Patterns of Taxonomic and Biomass Partitioning in Extant and Fossil Plant Communities.” Nature 419 (6907): 610–613.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fortunato, Santo, Carl T. Bergstrom, Katy Börner, James A. Evans, Dirk Helbing, Staša Milojević, Alexander M. Petersen, et al. 2018. “Science of Science.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6379).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zecchina, Adriano, and Salvatore Califano. 2017. The Development of Catalysis. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lämmel, Ralf, João Saraiva, and Joost Visser, eds. 2013. Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering IV: International Summer School, GTTSE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-9, 2011. Revised Papers. Vol. 7680. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
vanVliet, Petra C. J., and Paul F. Hendrix. 2004. “Role of Fauna in Soil Physical Processes.” In Soil Biological Fertility: A Key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture, edited by Lynette K. Abbott and Daniel V. Murphy, 61–80. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Polymer Blend Conducts Heat Ten Times More Efficiently Than Conventional Plastics.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations. RCED-00-133. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino, Marta Graciela. 2010. “Challenges and Successes of Monolingual Spanish-Speaking Foster Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2006. “A Symbol of Carefree, Innocent Fun? Not in Oyster Bay.” New York Times, May 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lindley 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lindley 2001; Frey and Dueck 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frey and Dueck 2007)
  • Three authors: (Enquist, Haskell, and Tiffney 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fortunato et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

Other styles