How to format your references using the Race Ethnicity and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Race Ethnicity and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kinlen, Leo. 2005. “Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005).” Nature 438 (7064): 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halliday, Alex N., and Bernard J. Wood. 2009. “Geophysics. How Did Earth Accrete?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5936): 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, Natalia I., Kassandra R. Anderson, and Dong Lai. 2014. “Chaotic Dynamics of Stellar Spin in Binaries and the Production of Misaligned Hot Jupiters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6202): 1317–1321.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wartewig, Tim, Zsuzsanna Kurgyis, Selina Keppler, Konstanze Pechloff, Erik Hameister, Rupert Öllinger, Roman Maresch, et al. 2018. “Erratum: PD-1 Is a Haploinsufficient Suppressor of T Cell Lymphomagenesis.” Nature 553 (7687): 238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Fleet, Patrick J. 2008. Discrete Wavelet Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nagoshi, Julie L. 2014. Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory. Edited by Craig T. Nagoshi and Stephan/ie Brzuzy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Zhigang, Ting Li, Feng Yuan, and Li Yin. 2014. “Synthesis of Linear Antenna Array Using Genetic Algorithm to Control Side Lobe Level.” In Computer Engineering and Networking: Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Network (CENet2013), edited by W. Eric Wong and Tingshao Zhu, 39–46. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Race Ethnicity and Education.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Total Trade Ban On Pangolins Unanimously Voted On At Wildlife Summit.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Forest Service Is Making Progress in Developing a Nationwide Geographic Information System. T-IMTEC-91-11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Diem Nancy. 2012. “Career Decision Process of First Generation Vietnamese American College Students.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David. 2008. “Smoked.” New York Times, September 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kinlen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kinlen 2005; Halliday and Wood 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halliday and Wood 2009)
  • Three authors: (Storch, Anderson, and Lai 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wartewig et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRace Ethnicity and Education
AbbreviationRace Ethn. Educ.
ISSN (print)1361-3324
ISSN (online)1470-109X
Cultural Studies

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