How to format your references using the Small-scale Forestry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Small-scale Forestry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glikson A (2006) Comment on “Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth” I. Science 311:779; author reply 779
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine AJ, Puzio-Kuter AM (2010) The control of the metabolic switch in cancers by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Science 330:1340–1344
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Meng H, Bao Z (2001) Field-effect modulation of the conductance of single molecules. Science 294:2138–2140
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee M, Katz HE, Erben C, et al (2002) Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer. Science 298:1401–1403

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret D, Riesco R (2005) RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Hattori H, Kawamura T, Idé T, et al (eds) (2009) New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2008 Conference and Workshops, Asahikawa, Japan, June 11-13, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari A (2010) Perceptive Defects. In: Cioni G (ed) The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy: A Guide to the Assessment of Adaptive Functions. Springer, Milano, pp 73–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Small-scale Forestry.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) What sort of life could Mars have supported? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-sort-life-could-mars-have-supported/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Methodology Transfer Paper 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber ME (2013) Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2009) 32 Voices Louder Than Limbaugh’s. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glikson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Glikson 2006; Levine and Puzio-Kuter 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine and Puzio-Kuter 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSmall-scale Forestry
AbbreviationSmall Scale Forest.
ISSN (print)1873-7617
ISSN (online)1873-7854
ScopeForestry

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