How to format your references using the Radiation Measurements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Measurements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., 2012. Microscopy: Two microscopes are better than one. Nature 492, 293–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gleich, B., Weizenecker, J., 2005. Tomographic imaging using the nonlinear response of magnetic particles. Nature 435, 1214–1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Runguphan, W., Qu, X., O’Connor, S.E., 2010. Integrating carbon-halogen bond formation into medicinal plant metabolism. Nature 468, 461–464.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharpee, T.O., Sugihara, H., Kurgansky, A.V., Rebrik, S.P., Stryker, M.P., Miller, K.D., 2006. Adaptive filtering enhances information transmission in visual cortex. Nature 439, 936–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dant, S., 2016. Losing Eden. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Szego, K., Achilleos, N., Arridge, C., Badman, S., Delamere, P., Grodent, D., Galland Kivelson, M., Louarn, P. (Eds.), 2016. The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets, Space Sciences Series of ISSI. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Falou, O., Sadeghi-Naini, A., Al-Mahrouki, A., Kolios, M.C., Czarnota, G.J., 2013. Quantitative Ultrasound and Cell Death, in: Mamou, J., Oelze, M.L. (Eds.), Quantitative Ultrasound in Soft Tissues. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Measurements.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Black Death Reshaped the Human Genome [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies (No. B-163074). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adaligil, E., 2010. Electron transfer through self-assembled monolayers of alkaneselenols and alkanethiols on mercury electrode (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gleich and Weizenecker, 2005; Smith, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gleich and Weizenecker, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharpee et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Measurements
AbbreviationRadiat. Meas.
ISSN (print)1350-4487

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