How to format your references using the Radiation Measurements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Measurements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A’Hearn, M.F., 2006. Whence comets? Science 314, 1708–1709.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karl, T.R., Trenberth, K.E., 2003. Modern global climate change. Science 302, 1719–1723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quax, R., Kandhai, D., Sloot, P.M.A., 2013. Information dissipation as an early-warning signal for the Lehman Brothers collapse in financial time series. Sci. Rep. 3, 1898.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salje, H., Cummings, D.A.T., Rodriguez-Barraquer, I., Katzelnick, L.C., Lessler, J., Klungthong, C., Thaisomboonsuk, B., Nisalak, A., Weg, A., Ellison, D., Macareo, L., Yoon, I.-K., Jarman, R., Thomas, S., Rothman, A.L., Endy, T., Cauchemez, S., 2018. Reconstruction of antibody dynamics and infection histories to evaluate dengue risk. Nature 557, 719–723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner, J.R., Durham, T.A., 2008. Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Murgante, B., Gervasi, O., Iglesias, A., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B.O. (Eds.), 2011. Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part V, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Trovati, M., 2015. An Overview of Some Theoretical Topological Aspects of Big Data, in: Trovati, M., Hill, R., Anjum, A., Zhu, S.Y., Liu, L. (Eds.), Big-Data Analytics and Cloud Computing: Theory, Algorithms and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Measurements.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Italy Calls In Its Army To Help Grow Medical Marijuana [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Further Actions Needed To Centralize Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment To Comply With Objectives of Public Law 89-306 (No. LCD-74-115). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malherek, M.N., 2016. The Prevalence and Predictors of Parental Corporal Punishment in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., Chapman, M.M., 2015. Smaller Pay Gap in New Contract at Fiat Chrysler. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (A’Hearn, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (A’Hearn, 2006; Karl and Trenberth, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karl and Trenberth, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Salje et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Measurements
AbbreviationRadiat. Meas.
ISSN (print)1350-4487

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