How to format your references using the Radiation Measurements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Measurements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2013. Modelling: Predictive yield. Nature 501, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geim, A.K., Grigorieva, I.V., 2013. Van der Waals heterostructures. Nature 499, 419–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Birbeck, G.L., Meyer, A.-C., Ogunniyi, A., 2015. Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature 527, S167-71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harvey, C.D., Yasuda, R., Zhong, H., Svoboda, K., 2008. The spread of Ras activity triggered by activation of a single dendritic spine. Science 321, 136–140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan, S.P., 2015. Mechanical Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Sheaff, M.T., 2013. Cytopathology: An Introduction. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahimian, J., Chen, J.C.T., Girvigian, M.R., Miller, M.J., Rahimian, R., 2011. Frame-Based and Frameless Accuracy of Novalis® Radiosurgery, in: De Salles, A.A.F., Gorgulho, A., Agazaryan, N., Slotman, B., Selch, M., Burwick, A.J., Schulz, R. (Eds.), Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Measurements.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. You Probably Shouldn’t Hug Your Dog, And 3 Other Common Things We Get Wrong About Dogs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Testing and Other Challenges Confronting Federal Agencies (No. T-AIMD-98-218). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lew, M.M., 2017. Hydroxyl, Hydroperoxyl, and Organic Peroxy Radical Chemistry in Forested Areas: Measurements, Modeling and Implications for Atmospheric Chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, G., 2016. The Diners Fade Away. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Geim and Grigorieva, 2013; Savage, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geim and Grigorieva, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Harvey et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Measurements
AbbreviationRadiat. Meas.
ISSN (print)1350-4487

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