How to format your references using the Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Heinrich CA. Geochemistry. How fast does gold trickle out of volcanoes? Science 2006;314:263–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Salehi-Ashtiani K, Szostak JW. In vitro evolution suggests multiple origins for the hammerhead ribozyme. Nature 2001;414:82–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shanavas KV, Parker D, Singh DJ. Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci Rep 2014;4:7222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Coelho AS, Barbosa FAS, Cassemiro KN, Villar AS, Martinelli M, Nussenzveig P. Three-color entanglement. Science 2009;326:823–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
CCPS. Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Wannemacker SD, Clarebout G, Causmaecker PD, editors. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Adaptive Learning. A Look at the Neighbours: First International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research on Technology, Education and Communication, ITEC 2010, Kortrijk, Belgium, May 25-27, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 126. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kuhn W. Semantic Engineering. In: Navratil G, editor. Research Trends in Geographic Information Science, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. New Low-Cost Test Determines Blood Type In Just 30 Seconds. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/lowcost-test-blood-type-30-seconds/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Challenges in Responding to Task Force Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lund BC. Physiological response to cycling at different pedal rates during high intensity interval training. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shear MD, Apuzzo M. Trump Fires Comey Amid Russia Inquiry. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Discovery Today: Disease Models
AbbreviationDrug Discov. Today Dis. Models
ISSN (print)1740-6757
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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