How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schimel D (2006) Ecology. Climate change and crop yields: beyond Cassandra. Science 312:1889–1890
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukhopadhyay S, Linstedt AD (2012) Manganese blocks intracellular trafficking of Shiga toxin and protects against Shiga toxicosis. Science 335:332–335
A journal article with 3 authors
Maertens GN, Hare S, Cherepanov P (2010) The mechanism of retroviral integration from X-ray structures of its key intermediates. Nature 468:326–329
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fan H-Y, Liu Z, Shimada M, et al (2009) MAPK3/1 (ERK1/2) in ovarian granulosa cells are essential for female fertility. Science 324:938–941

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed J, Hakonen H (2017) Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Morava E, Baumgartner M, Patterson M, et al (eds) (2016) JIMD Reports, Volume 30, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Athique A (2016) Post-industrial Development and the New Leisure Economy. In: Venkateswar S, Bandyopadhyay S (eds) Globalisation and the Challenges of Development in Contemporary India. Springer, Singapore, pp 61–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) No, There Was No Special Facebook Live Feed From The ISS Today. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/no-there-was-no-special-facebook-live-feed-from-the-iss-today/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Information Technology: Key Federal Agencies Need to Address Potentially Duplicative Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horta G (2013) The potential of the Eurozone crisis to mobilize extreme right support in Spain, Portugal, and Italy. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) Another Dutch Sweep Leaves Americans Baffled. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schimel 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Schimel 2006; Mukhopadhyay and Linstedt 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mukhopadhyay and Linstedt 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0303-6812
ISSN (online)1432-1416
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles