How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Biology (J. Math. Biol.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee VM (2001) Biomedicine. Tauists and beta-aptists united--well almost! Science 293:1446–1447
A journal article with 2 authors
Greening BR, Fefferman NH (2014) Evolutionary significance of the role of family units in a broader social system. Sci Rep 4:3608
A journal article with 3 authors
Ibarra RU, Edwards JS, Palsson BO (2002) Escherichia coli K-12 undergoes adaptive evolution to achieve in silico predicted optimal growth. Nature 420:186–189
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen J, Körner S, Craig SL, et al (2002) Amplification by compartmentalization. Nature 415:385–386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C (2016) Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Adhikari A (2015) Advances in Knowledge Discovery in Databases. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts P (2012) Education, Society and the Individual. In: Roberts P (ed) From West to East and Back Again: An Educational Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Later Work. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 55–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists are Working on Developing a Star-Trek Style Replicator. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-are-working-developing-star-trek-style-replicator/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Job Training Partnership Act: Summer Youth Programs Increase Emphasis on Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skiold-Hanlin S (2015) Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) Claiming Fraud in A.I.G. Bailout, Whistle-Blower Lawsuit Names 3 Companies. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2001, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greening and Fefferman 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0303-6812
ISSN (online)1432-1416
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles