How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp S (2008) Genetics. Celebrating spuds. Science 321:206–207
A journal article with 2 authors
Gutierrez MP, Lee LP (2013) Engineering. Multiscale design and integration of sustainable building functions. Science 341:247–248
A journal article with 3 authors
Hembacher S, Giessibl FJ, Mannhart J (2004) Force microscopy with light-atom probes. Science 305:380–383
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang P-M, Lin Y-T, Shun C-T, et al (2013) Zebularine inhibits tumorigenesis and stemness of colorectal cancer via p53-dependent endoplasmic reticulum stress. Sci Rep 3:3219

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton I (2012) Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Geffert V, Karhumäki J, Bertoni A, et al (eds) (2008) SOFSEM 2008: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 34th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 19-25, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Raad B, De Georgia M (2013) Perspectives and Approach to Stroke Prevention and Therapy. In: Corrigan ML, Escuro AA, Kirby DF (eds) Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Teenager Uses Star Map To Discover Lost Mayan City In Central America. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/canadian-teenager-uses-map-stars-discovers-lost-mayan-city/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chitakasempornkul K (2012) Ordinal time series analysis for Air Quality Index (AQI) in San Bernardino County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) The Head Honcho’s Head Honcho. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp 2008; Gutierrez and Lee 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gutierrez and Lee 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0303-6812
ISSN (online)1432-1416
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

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