How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nielsen MW (2015) Make academic job advertisements fair to all. Nature 525:427
A journal article with 2 authors
Anikeeva P, Koppes RA (2015) BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science 350:274–275
A journal article with 3 authors
Grey M, Haggart JW, Smith PL (2008) Variation in evolutionary patterns across the geographic range of a fossil bivalve. Science 322:1238–1241
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Croué J, West NJ, Escande M-L, et al (2013) A single betaproteobacterium dominates the microbial community of the crambescidine-containing sponge Crambe crambe. Sci Rep 3:2583

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Damrosch D (2017) How to Read World Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Paoli L (2014) The Sports Doping Market: Understanding Supply and Demand, and the Challenges of Their Control. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Quang NP, Dittrich J-A (2008) Problems of actual-value measurement and vector orientation. In: Dittrich J-A (ed) Vector Control of Three-Phase AC Machines: System Development in the Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 107–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) What Would Happen If All The Water In The World Suddenly Disappeared? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) DOD Still Needs To Clarify Policies for Performing Research and Development for Other Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang C-C (2013) Fate of bacterial and viral indicators in an advanced wastewater treatment plant. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) Still Exerting a Hold on Science. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nielsen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nielsen 2015; Anikeeva and Koppes 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anikeeva and Koppes 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Croué et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0303-6812
ISSN (online)1432-1416
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles