How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brophy P J 2002 Microbiology. Subversion of Schwann cells and the leper’s bell Science 296 862–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Barber M F and Elde N C 2014 Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin Science 346 1362–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Terrones H, López-Urías F and Terrones M 2013 Novel hetero-layered materials with tunable direct band gaps by sandwiching different metal disulfides and diselenides Sci. Rep. 3 1549
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Renaut C, Cluzel B, Dellinger J, Lalouat L, Picard E, Peyrade D, Hadji E and de Fornel F 2013 On chip shapeable optical tweezers Sci. Rep. 3 2290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson B, Vignaux G A and Berger C E H 2016 Interpreting Evidence (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Christianson B, Crispo B, Malcolm J A and Roe M 2006 Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers vol 3957 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
McCaffrey M 2016 Siblings of Children and Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disability Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan ed I L Rubin, J Merrick, D E Greydanus and D R Patel (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 59–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Taub B 2015 Ireland Wants To Legalize Supervised Heroin Use IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016 Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heredia R 2017 Leadership Development in a Multigenerational Workplace: An Exploratory Study Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Supreme Court Turns Down Cases on Religious Separation New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles