How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Svoboda P 2010 Journal club. A molecular biologist explores how new genomic tools can be applied to wild animals Nature 465 529
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh D J and Parker D 2013 Itinerant magnetism in doped semiconducting β-FeSi₂ and CrSi₂ Sci. Rep. 3 3517
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez P, Jacobson A G and Jefferies R P S 2002 Paired gill slits in a fossil with a calcite skeleton Nature 417 841–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tsai H-C, Zhang F, Adamantidis A, Stuber G D, Bonci A, de Lecea L and Deisseroth K 2009 Phasic firing in dopaminergic neurons is sufficient for behavioral conditioning Science 324 1080–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLean D 2012 Understanding Aerodynamics (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Cebeci T 2005 Analysis of Low-Speed Unsteady Airfoil Flows ed M Platzer, H Chen, K-C Chang and J P Shao (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Kwiecien G J 2015 Fallopian Tube Anastomosis Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Experimental Models and Research Designs ed M Z Siemionow (London: Springer) pp 39–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Astronomers Believe They’re Witnessing The Birth Of A New Planet IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moon M M 2009 The needs of Korean-American and Korean families of children with disabilities Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borden S 2015 Cypriot Soccer: Bombed Cars 6, the Referees 0 New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles