How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bagla P 2000 INDIA: Disease Data Stolen in Lab Break-In Science 290 1668b–9b
A journal article with 2 authors
Garczarek F and Gerwert K 2006 Functional waters in intraprotein proton transfer monitored by FTIR difference spectroscopy Nature 439 109–12
A journal article with 3 authors
Plante O J, Palmacci E R and Seeberger P H 2001 Automated solid-phase synthesis of oligosaccharides Science 291 1523–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Strano M S, Dyke C A, Usrey M L, Barone P W, Allen M J, Shan H, Kittrell C, Hauge R H, Tour J M and Smalley R E 2003 Electronic structure control of single-walled carbon nanotube functionalization Science 301 1519–22

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y and Fjeldly T A 2003 Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Rook G A W 2009 The Hygiene Hypothesis and Darwinian Medicine (Basel: Birkhäuser)
A chapter in an edited book
Gander H-H 2012 Sprache und Heimat Zu Arnold Stadlers Heidegger-Lektüre Life, Subjectivity & Art: Essays in Honor of Rudolf Bernet Phaenomenologica ed R Breeur and U Melle (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 101–22

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 New Fossil Provides Insight Into Shark Evolution IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2008 Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dobbs J 2017 The Potential Use of PEI Modified Biochar for Different Environmental Applications Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G 2016 Project Turns to Architect It Knows Well New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles