How to format your references using the Drug and Alcohol Dependence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug and Alcohol Dependence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Famulok, M., 2004. Molecular biology. RNAs turn on in tandem. Science 306, 233–234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luzzatto, L., Notaro, R., 2001. Malaria. Protecting against bad air. Science 293, 442–443.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffin, D.M., Hoffman, D.S., Strick, P.L., 2015. Corticomotoneuronal cells are “functionally tuned.” Science 350, 667–670.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Davis, M.A., Chew, M.K., Hobbs, R.J., Lugo, A.E., Ewel, J.J., Vermeij, G.J., Brown, J.H., Rosenzweig, M.L., Gardener, M.R., Carroll, S.P., Thompson, K., Pickett, S.T.A., Stromberg, J.C., Del Tredici, P., Suding, K.N., Ehrenfeld, J.G., Grime, J.P., Mascaro, J., Briggs, J.C., 2011. Don’t judge species on their origins. Nature 474, 153–154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hulin, W., Jin-Ting, Z., 2006. Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dan, A., Gittler, F., Toumani, F. (Eds.), 2010. Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops: International Workshops, ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, November 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Graham, S., 2011. School Racial/Ethnic Diversity and Disparities in Mental Health and Academic Outcomes, in: Carlo, G., Crockett, L.J., Carranza, M.A. (Eds.), Health Disparities in Youth and Families: Research and Applications, Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Small Tropical Islands Could Become The World’s First 100% Renewable Nations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/environment/small-tropical-islands-could-become-the-worlds-first-100--renewable-nations/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Implementation of the Beach Act of 2000: EPA and States Have Made Progress, but Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection (No. GAO-07-1043T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo, D., 2013. Parents’ perspectives of undocumented students’ transition from high school (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B., 2016. Where the Party Moves From Room to Room. New York Times D9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Famulok, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Famulok, 2004; Luzzatto and Notaro, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luzzatto and Notaro, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Davis et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug and Alcohol Dependence
AbbreviationDrug Alcohol Depend.
ISSN (print)0376-8716
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Pharmacology
Toxicology

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