How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Roff, Evolution. Evolutionary danger for rainforest species, Science. 301 (2003) 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Chesson, J.J. Kuang, The interaction between predation and competition, Nature. 456 (2008) 235–238.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Wake, P.R. Lee, R.D. Fields, Control of local protein synthesis and initial events in myelination by action potentials, Science. 333 (2011) 1647–1651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Li, X. Li, H.-J. Zhai, L.-S. Wang, Au20: a tetrahedral cluster, Science. 299 (2003) 864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.M. Bolstad, J.M. Curran, Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
M.A. Hayat, ed., Pediatric Cancer, Volume 3: Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prognosis, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Kolodkin, A. Murin, Prediction of Quantitative Assessments of Effects on Nature from Potential Accidents at Chemical Warfare Agent Facilities, in: V.M. Kolodkin, W. Ruck (Eds.), Ecological Risks Associated with the Destruction of Chemical Weapons, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Science In Crisis: From The Sugar Scam To Brexit, Our Faith In Experts Is Fading, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Stafford Student Loan Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Lefebvre, Racial Prejudice, Individualism, and Political Identity: Understanding the Forty-Year Trend of Anti-Welfare Spending Preferences, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, The Space Between Us, New York Times. (2017) C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationChin. J. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1004-9541
General Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

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