How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, J.F., 2003. Development. There’s something curious about paternal-age effects. Science 301, 606–607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wortmann, U.G., Paytan, A., 2012. Rapid variability of seawater chemistry over the past 130 million years. Science 337, 334–336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meierbachtol, T., Harper, J., Humphrey, N., 2013. Basal drainage system response to increasing surface melt on the Greenland ice sheet. Science 341, 777–779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muijres, F.T., Johansson, L.C., Barfield, R., Wolf, M., Spedding, G.R., Hedenström, A., 2008. Leading-edge vortex improves lift in slow-flying bats. Science 319, 1250–1253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush, J., Harris, D.M., Parker, R.J., 2016. Cognitive Self Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lemieux, V.L. (Ed.), 2016. Building Trust in Information: Perspectives on the Frontiers of Provenance, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Le Cadre, H., Bouhtou, M., Tuffin, B., 2009. A Pricing Model for a Mobile Network Operator Sharing Limited Resource with a Mobile Virtual Network Operator, in: Reichl, P., Stiller, B., Tuffin, B. (Eds.), Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 24–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Man Has Been Shedding The Polio Virus For 28 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Funding for Entitlement Programs (No. PAD-78-46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokoya, K., 2014. A Historical Analysis of the Contributions of the Black Power Movement to Higher Education: 1960 – 1980 (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2009. Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Crow, 2003; Wortmann and Paytan, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wortmann and Paytan, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Muijres et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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