How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2002. National academies slam Bush proposal for data security. Nature 419, 769.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Leary, T., Marder, E., 2014. Neuroscience. Mapping neural activation onto behavior in an entire animal. Science 344, 372–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, Z., Owen, A.B., Altman, R.B., 2004. Genetics. Genomic research and human subject privacy. Science 305, 183.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beermann, J., Eriksen, R.L., Holmgaard, T., Pedersen, K., Bozhevolnyi, S.I., 2014. Plasmonic black metals via radiation absorption by two-dimensional arrays of ultra-sharp convex grooves. Sci. Rep. 4, 6904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara, B.T., Malisow, B., 2017. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bebis, G., Boyle, R., Parvin, B., Koracin, D., Li, B., Porikli, F., Zordan, V., Klosowski, J., Coquillart, S., Luo, X., Chen, M., Gotz, D. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Visual Computing: 9th International Symposium, ISVC 2013, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebert, C., Dumke, R., 2007. Performing the Measurement Process, in: Dumke, R. (Ed.), Software Measurement: Establish — Extract — Evaluate — Execute. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Here’s What A Map Of The US Looks Like If You Resize Each State By Population Density [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Evaluating the Department of Education’s Field Readers: Were They Qualified? (No. 125830). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hunt, S.A., 2012. A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Werdigier, J., 2013. What’s in Your Pension Plan? New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2002; O’Leary and Marder, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Leary and Marder, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Beermann et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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