How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franz, M., 2010. Physics. In praise of exact quantization. Science 329, 639–640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, M., Vallée, M., 2003. Observation of long supershear rupture during the magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan earthquake. Science 301, 824–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghuman, A.S., van den Honert, R.N., Martin, A., 2013. Interregional neural synchrony has similar dynamics during spontaneous and stimulus-driven states. Sci. Rep. 3, 1481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hasper, H.E., Kramer, N.E., Smith, J.L., Hillman, J.D., Zachariah, C., Kuipers, O.P., de Kruijff, B., Breukink, E., 2006. An alternative bactericidal mechanism of action for lantibiotic peptides that target lipid II. Science 313, 1636–1637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Filla, J.J., Brown, H.E., 2013. Prospect Research for Fundraisers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lapidus, M.L., 2013. Fractal Geometry, Complex Dimensions and Zeta Functions: Geometry and Spectra of Fractal Strings, 2nd ed. 2013. ed, Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, S., Woglom, J.F., 2016. More on Nomos, in: Woglom, J.F. (Ed.), On Mutant Pedagogies: Seeking Justice and Drawing Change in Teacher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 71–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Chemistry Set Pencils Can Turn Life-Saving Tests Into Child’s Play [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240 (No. B-203297). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaarour, M., 2017. Enhancing the foster care experience of children with autism: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, J., Smith, M., Wines, M., 2017. Videos of Police Shootings Give Few Easy Answers. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bouchon and Vallée, 2003; Franz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon and Vallée, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hasper et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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