How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R., 2000. Los Alamos “loses” key weapons data. Nature 405, 725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barouch, D.H., Deeks, S.G., 2014. Immunologic strategies for HIV-1 remission and eradication. Science 345, 169–174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter, J.T., Enzler, S.A., Treves, A., 2011. Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science 333, 1828–1829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Toda, M., Takagaki, A., Okamura, M., Kondo, J.N., Hayashi, S., Domen, K., Hara, M., 2005. Green chemistry: biodiesel made with sugar catalyst. Nature 438, 178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lynn, P.A., 2010. Electricity from Sunlight. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fox, E.A., Neuhold, E.J., Premsmit, P., Wuwongse, V. (Eds.), 2005. Digital Libraries: Implementing Strategies and Sharing Experiences: 8th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-15, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bangerter, E., 2006. A Cryptographic Framework for the Controlled Release of Certified Data (Transcript of Discussion), in: Christianson, B., Crispo, B., Malcolm, J.A., Roe, M. (Eds.), Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Scientists Translate Dolphin Whistles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. NASA’s Resource Data Base and Techniques for Supporting, Planning, and Controlling Programs Need Improvement (No. PSAD-77-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummins, K., 2015. A Mixed Methods Study on The Leader in Me Process: How Does Fostering Student Leadership Capacity Influence Behavior, Efficacy, and Achievement? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2012. Islanders Leaving, the Glory Long Gone. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Barouch and Deeks, 2014; Dalton, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barouch and Deeks, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Toda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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