How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Two-way traffic. Nature 431, 611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmerr, N., Garnero, E.J., 2007. Upper mantle discontinuity topography from thermal and chemical heterogeneity. Science 318, 623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, R., He, Z., Luan, S., 2002. Functional relationship of cytochrome c(6) and plastocyanin in Arabidopsis. Nature 417, 567–571.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hÿtch, M., Houdellier, F., Hüe, F., Snoeck, E., 2008. Nanoscale holographic interferometry for strain measurements in electronic devices. Nature 453, 1086–1089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vicat-Blanc, P., Soudan, S., Guillier, R., Goglin, B., 2013. Computing Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kock, N. (Ed.), 2010. Evolutionary Psychology and Information Systems Research: A New Approach to Studying the Effects of Modern Technologies on Human Behavior, Integrated Series in Information Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawecki, K., Seredyński, F., Pilski, M., 2006. Controlling Spam: Immunity-based Approach, in: Kłopotek, M.A., Wierzchoń, S.T., Trojanowski, K. (Eds.), Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining: Proceedings of the International IIS: IIPWM’06 Conference Held in Ustrón, Poland, June 19-22, 2006, Advances in Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. New Treatment Shown To Dramatically Boost Survival Rates In Prostate Cancer Patients [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund (No. GAO-08-846R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford, S., 2014. A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Detroit Home Market Warms Up. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Schmerr and Garnero, 2007; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmerr and Garnero, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hÿtch et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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