How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palme, H., 2004. Planetary science. The giant impact formation of the Moon. Science 304, 977–979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rout, M.E., Callaway, R.M., 2009. Plant science. An invasive plant paradox. Science 324, 734–735.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tibi, R., Wiens, D.A., Inoue, H., 2003. Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences. Nature 424, 921–925.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilson, C.W., Nguyen, C.T., Chen, M.-H., Yang, J.-H., Gacayan, R., Huang, J., Chen, J.-N., Chuang, P.-T., 2009. Fused has evolved divergent roles in vertebrate Hedgehog signalling and motile ciliogenesis. Nature 459, 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A., 2012. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kluve, J., 2007. Active Labor Market Policies in Europe: Performance and Perspectives. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Blankenship, J., Bussa, M., Millett, S., 2011. Sprint 1: Starting a Game, in: Bussa, M., Millett, S. (Eds.), Pro Agile .NET Development with Scrum. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 87–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Albert Einstein Told Marie Curie To Ignore The Haters [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Medicare Information Technology: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Needs to Pursue a Solution for Removing Social Security Numbers from Cards (No. GAO-13-761). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, D., 2015. Resistance, reluctance, and revelation: Examining faculty perceptions of online learning options at a Faith-Based university (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. On Road to Super Bowl, Sprinkle Some Eye of Newt. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palme, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Palme, 2004; Rout and Callaway, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rout and Callaway, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

Other styles