How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vidale, J.E., 2001. Geophysics. Peeling back the layers in Earth’s mantle. Science 294, 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sekiya, S., Suzuki, A., 2011. Direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to hepatocyte-like cells by defined factors. Nature 475, 390–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldberg, P., Berna, F., Macphail, R.I., 2009. Comment on “DNA from pre-Clovis human coprolites in Oregon, North America.” Science 325, 148; author reply 148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raines, K.S., Salha, S., Sandberg, R.L., Jiang, H., Rodríguez, J.A., Fahimian, B.P., Kapteyn, H.C., Du, J., Miao, J., 2010. Three-dimensional structure determination from a single view. Nature 463, 214–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C., 2015. Modeling the Effect of Damage in Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Colombo, J., 2015. Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction: Measurement, Indications, Therapies, and Outcomes. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemp, A., Maguire, S., Davis, P., 2011. Physical Child Abuse, in: Stark, M.M. (Ed.), Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 169–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Craters From Double Asteroid Impact Identified [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Information Technology: Key Federal Agencies Need to Address Potentially Duplicative Investments (No. GAO-13-718). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellis, G.S., 2012. Compound-Specific Stable Isotopic Analysis of Protein Amino Acids: Ecological Applications in Modern and Ancient Systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, P.W., 2015. La violencia y el progreso se enfrentan en una ciudad en el Pacífico colombiano. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myers, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Klein, 2008; Schiermeier, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sekiya and Suzuki, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1815-3852
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Chemistry
General Energy
General Environmental Science
General Materials Science
General Mathematics

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