How to format your references using the Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Strasser BJ. Genetics. GenBank--Natural history in the 21st Century? Science 2008;322:537–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Giovannoni S, Nemergut D. Ecology. Microbes ride the current. Science 2014;345:1246–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ahn CH, Rabe KM, Triscone J-M. Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science 2004;303:488–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Otero V, Finkelstein N, McCray R, Pollock S. Professional development. Who is responsible for preparing science teachers? Science 2006;313:445–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Kountakis SE, Önerci M, editors. Rhinologic and Sleep Apnea Surgical Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Minet P, Laouiti A. Multicasting in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In: Misra S, Woungang I, Chandra Misra S, editors. Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, London: Springer; 2009, p. 97–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Mountain Range’s Collapse May Have Supercharged Evolution. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA’s Actions to Study Responsibilities and Funding for Airport Security and to Certify Screening Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lee E. Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Road Scholar. New York Times 2008:M226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDouleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement
ISSN (print)1624-5687
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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