How to format your references using the Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clement CM. Astronomy. Of clusters and galaxies. Science 2002;297:532–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seibel BA, Walsh PJ. Carbon cycle. Potential impacts of CO2 injection on deep-sea biota. Science 2001;294:319–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou Q, Su X, Ning K. Assessment of quality control approaches for metagenomic data analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6957.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murata S, Sasaki K, Kishimoto T, Niwa S-I, Hayashi H, Takahama Y, et al. Regulation of CD8+ T cell development by thymus-specific proteasomes. Science 2007;316:1349–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Biehl PF. Heritage in the Context of Globalization: Europe and the Americas. vol. 8. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Auerbach JE, Bongard JC. Evolving Monolithic Robot Controllers through Incremental Shaping. In: Doncieux S, Bredèche N, Mouret J-B, editors. New Horizons in Evolutionary Robotics: Extended Contributions from the 2009 EvoDeRob Workshop, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stem Cells From Just A Finger Prick. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magda B. Increasing efficacy of emergency departments through systems analysis of enterprise architecture: Mitigating the impact of technological change. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. . . . And the Upper West Side Loses Its Plain-Vanilla Grocery. New York Times 2001:1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDouleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement
ISSN (print)1624-5687
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles