How to format your references using the Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing (AAECC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitfield, J.: Alien-hunters get scope to search. Nature. 422, 249 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman, A.F., Tonkin, C.J.: Microbiology. A tail of division. Science. 331, 409–410 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, L., Lu, C., Tieu, K.: Atomistic simulation of tensile deformation behavior of ∑5 tilt grain boundaries in copper bicrystal. Sci. Rep. 4, 5919 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, P.-R., He, Y., Cao, C., Lu, Z.-H.: Impact of lattice distortion and electron doping on α-MoO3 electronic structure. Sci. Rep. 4, 7131 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiong, K.: Resource Optimization and Security for Cloud Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA (2014)
An edited book
Kikuchi, Y., Rykova, E.Y. eds: Extracellular Nucleic Acids. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Shaw, S., Kellenberger, K.: Grouping and Summarizing Data. In: Kellenberger, K. (ed.) Beginning T-SQL 2012. pp. 169–202. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Just One Hit Of Cocaine Totally Screws Up The Dopamine System Of Recovering Addicts,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, J.W.: The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology, (2006)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: We’re All Doomed. It Says So in the Script, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing
AbbreviationAppl. Algebra Engrg. Comm. Comput.
ISSN (print)0938-1279
ISSN (online)1432-0622
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory
Applied Mathematics

Other styles