How to format your references using the Canadian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Staley K. Neuroscience. Epileptic neurons go wireless. Science. 2004 Jul 23;305(5683):482–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lo JA, Fisher DE. The melanoma revolution: from UV carcinogenesis to a new era in therapeutics. Science. 2014 Nov 21;346(6212):945–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Good MC, Zalatan JG, Lim WA. Scaffold proteins: hubs for controlling the flow of cellular information. Science. 2011 May 6;332(6030):680–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liu Y, Granet D, Lin H, Baxter S, Ouyang H, Zhu J, et al. Liu et al. reply. Nature. 2018 Apr 4;556(7699):E3–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Staudt G. Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2001.
An edited book
1.
Babuška R, Groen FCA, editors. Interactive Collaborative Information Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XXVI, 586 p. 204 illus. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 281).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Moris D, Athanasiou A, Vernadakis S, Georgopoulos S. Biomarkers for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. In: Patel VB, Preedy VR, editors. Biomarkers in Cardiovascular Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 541–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Felton J. Pigeon Caught With 178 Ketamine Pills In Backpack [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pigeon-caught-with-178-ketamine-pills-in-backpack/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Effectively Managing Its Year 2000 Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Feb. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-85.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chung YK. A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Reed S, de la MERCED MJ. London and New York Duke It Out For $2 Trillion Saudi Aramco Listing. New York Times. 2017 Jul 13;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0008-350X
ISSN (online)1715-5258
Scope

Other styles