How to format your references using the Canadian Family Physician citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Family Physician. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ackland GJ. MATERIALS SCIENCE. Bearing down on hydrogen. Science. 2015 Jun 26;348(6242):1429–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Després J-P, Lemieux I. Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature. 2006 Dec 14;444(7121):881–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oh K, Jeong KS, Moore JS. Folding-driven synthesis of oligomers. Nature. 2001;414(6866):889–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liang H-L, Nien C-Y, Liu H-Y, Metzstein MM, Kirov N, Rushlow C. The zinc-finger protein Zelda is a key activator of the early zygotic genome in Drosophila. Nature. 2008 Nov 20;456(7220):400–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barker RM, Puckett JA. Design of Highway Bridges. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Filippini D, editor. Autonomous Sensor Networks: Collective Sensing Strategies for Analytical Purposes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. X, 428 p. (Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors, Methods and Applications; vol. 13).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Izdihar K, Kanaga KC, Nawal M, Vijaylakshimi K, Sulaiman T. Mean Glandular Dose and Figure of Merit of 2 Dimensional and 3 Dimensional Imaging in Digital Breast Tomosynthesis. In: Ibrahim F, Usman J, Mohktar MS, Ahmad MY, editors. International Conference for Innovation in Biomedical Engineering and Life Sciences: ICIBEL2015, 6-8 December 2015, Putrajaya, Malaysia. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 20–3. (IFMBE Proceedings).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Family Physician.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Research Shows How To Trap Cancer By Turning Your Body Against The Tumour [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-research-shows-how-trap-cancer-turning-your-body-against-tumour/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contracting for Information Technology Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Feb. Report No.: GAO-03-384R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Leonard Puppa EL. Duration of case management: Correlation with Medicaid pediatric patient outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Duerden J. Amid Political Strain, Game’s Tension Rises. New York Times. 2016 Sep 1;B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Family Physician
ISSN (print)0008-350X
ISSN (online)1715-5258
Scope

Other styles