How to format your references using the DNA Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branco, T. 2011, Eppendorf winner. The language of dendrites. Science, 334, 615–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Praetorius, S. K., and Mix, A. C. 2014, Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming. Science, 345, 444–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnett, T. P., Pierce, D. W., and Schnur, R. 2001, Detection of anthropogenic climate change in the world’s oceans. Science, 292, 270–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou, W., Nakamura, D., Liu, H., Kataura, H., and Takeyama, S. 2014, Relative ordering between bright and dark excitons in single-walled carbon nanotubes. Sci. Rep., 4, 6999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aksamija, A. 2016, Integrating Innovation in Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ling, H. I., Callisto, L., Leshchinsky, D., and Koseki, J. (eds.). 2007, Soil Stress-Strain Behavior: Measurement, Modeling and Analysis: A Collection of Papers of the Geotechnical Symposium in Rome, March 16–17, 2006. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ullmann, J., and Allgeier, T. 2014, Cylinder-charge control systems In: Reif, K., (ed.), Diesel Engine Management: Systems and Components. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 46–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017, March 23, Smart Female Guppies With Bigger Brains Choose More Attractive Mates. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003, Transmittal of Comptroller General Decision on the Transportation Security Administration’s Time and Attendance Approval System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale, N. 2015, Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010, August 19, Scouting Report. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Research
AbbreviationDNA Res.
ISSN (print)1340-2838
ISSN (online)1756-1663
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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