How to format your references using the DNA Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonough, W. F. 2007, Geophysics. Mapping the Earth’s engine. Science, 317, 1177–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, J. W.-H., and Vederas, J. C. 2009, Drug discovery and natural products: end of an era or an endless frontier? Science, 325, 161–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kutnjak, Z., Petzelt, J., and Blinc, R. 2006, The giant electromechanical response in ferroelectric relaxors as a critical phenomenon. Nature, 441, 956–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paik, D. H., Lee, I.-R., Yang, D.-S., Baskin, J. S., and Zewail, A. H. 2004, Electrons in finite-sized water cavities: hydration dynamics observed in real time. Science, 306, 672–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vincoli, J. W. 2014, Basic Guide to System Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Minai, A. A., and Bar-Yam, Y. (eds.). 2008, Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Diercks, G. F. H., and Pas, H. H. 2016, Indirect Immunofluorescence Microscopy In: Jonkman, M. F., (ed.), Autoimmune Bullous Diseases: Text and Review. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Research.

Blog post
Evans, K. 2016, December 30, Siberian Permafrost Cities In Danger Of Collapse In The Next 35 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005, Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cano, M. 2015, An in-home visitation program for homebound older adult Veterans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016, September 4, Looking the Part of a Mets Starter, a Rookie Delivers. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Research
AbbreviationDNA Res.
ISSN (print)1340-2838
ISSN (online)1756-1663
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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