How to format your references using the DNA Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benjamin, S. 2000, QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY: Single Photons. Science, 290, 2273–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, B. C., and Yamamoto, K. R. 2002, Disassembly of transcriptional regulatory complexes by molecular chaperones. Science, 296, 2232–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foukal, P., North, G., and Wigley, T. 2004, Climate. A stellar view on solar variations and climate. Science, 306, 68–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mouquet, H., Scheid, J. F., Zoller, M. J., et al. 2010, Polyreactivity increases the apparent affinity of anti-HIV antibodies by heteroligation. Nature, 467, 591–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertau, M., Müller, A., Fröhlich, P., and Katzberg, M. 2013, Industrielle Anorganische Chemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Binkley, D., and Menyailo, O. (eds.). 2005, Tree Species Effects on Soils: Implications for Global Change: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Trees and Soil Interactions, Implications to Global Climate Change August 2004 Krasnoyarsk, Russia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorn, M., Breda, A., and Norberto de Souza, O. 2008, A Hybrid Method for the Protein Structure Prediction Problem In: Bazzan, A. L. C., Craven, M., and Martins, N. F., (eds.), Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Third Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2008, Santo André, Brazil, August 28-30, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014, May 13, Ant Fight! Dopamine Turns Workers Into Queens. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010, Comments From The Copyright Office On GAO-10-428R (GAO-10-707SP), an E-supplement to GAO-10-428R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, A. C. 2012, The lived experience of the adult African American female who has lived in multiple foster care placements. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dewan, S., and Schwartz, J. 2017, August 28, Comparing Harvey With Katrina. New York Times, p. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Research
AbbreviationDNA Res.
ISSN (print)1340-2838
ISSN (online)1756-1663
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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