How to format your references using the DNA Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. 2000, IRANIAN SCIENCE: Earthquake Researchers Prepare for the Next Big One. Science, 290, 1486.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best, R. B., and Hummer, G. 2009, Biochemistry. Unfolding the secrets of calmodulin. Science, 323, 593–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler, U., Ripperger, J. A., and Brown, S. A. 2001, Circadian rhythms. Chronobiology--reducing time. Science, 293, 437–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Crabbe, L., Verdun, R. E., Haggblom, C. I., and Karlseder, J. 2004, Defective telomere lagging strand synthesis in cells lacking WRN helicase activity. Science, 306, 1951–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman, H. 2015, Stress and Your Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hudson, I. L., and Keatley, M. R. (eds.). 2010, Phenological Research: Methods for Environmental and Climate Change Analysis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Boadu, M. 2016, Ethical Dimensions of Corporate Governance Practice in Ghana: Developing a Theoretical Perspective In: Howell, K. E., and Sorour, M. K., (eds.), Corporate Governance in Africa: Assessing Implementation and Ethical Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 97–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016, July 19, Mums And Dads Of Very Preterm Babies More Likely To Be Depressed. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993, State of the Airline Industry: Strategies for Addressing Financial and Competition Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foley, J. D. 2012, Comparing Kac-Moody groups over the complex numbers and fields of positive characteristic via homotopy theory. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kasich, J. 2017, July 18, The Way Forward on Health Care. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Research
AbbreviationDNA Res.
ISSN (print)1340-2838
ISSN (online)1756-1663
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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