How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.D. Blandford, Blood out of a stone, Science. 295 (2002) 1653–1654.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.E. Tierney, P.B. deMenocal, Abrupt shifts in Horn of Africa hydroclimate since the Last Glacial Maximum, Science. 342 (2013) 843–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Müller, A. Peters, S. Chu, A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves, Nature. 463 (2010) 926–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Semmens, N.L. Payne, C. Huveneers, D.W. Sims, B.D. Bruce, Feeding requirements of white sharks may be higher than originally thought, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Söchting, Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
J.S. Siegel, Y.-T. Wu, eds., Polyarenes II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M.A. Grando, L. Moss, D. Glasspool, D. Sleeman, M. Sim, C. Gilhooly, J. Kinsella, Argumentation-Logic for Explaining Anomalous Patient Responses to Treatments, in: M. Peleg, N. Lavrač, C. Combi (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 13th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2011, Bled, Slovenia, July 2-6, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics.

Blog post
R. Andrews, King Tutankhamun’s Dagger Was Literally Out Of This World, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Use of Department of Education Title III Grant Funds by the International Institute of the Americas of World University, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Hebel, Parental involvement in the individual educational program for Israeli students with disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Hometown; Perot Isn’t Necessarily Texarkana’s Favorite Son, New York Times. (1992) 128.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Biopharm.
ISSN (print)0939-6411
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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