How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.S. Schimel, Climate. Drylands in the Earth system, Science. 327 (2010) 418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
X.H. Deng, H. Matsumoto, Rapid magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetosphere mediated by whistler waves, Nature. 410 (2001) 557–560.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.R. Gillespie, D.R. Montgomery, A. Mushkin, Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars?, Nature. 438 (2005) E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.L. Drum, S.-Z. Yan, J. Bard, Y.-Q. Shen, D. Lu, S. Soelaiman, Z. Grabarek, A. Bohm, W.-J. Tang, Structural basis for the activation of anthrax adenylyl cyclase exotoxin by calmodulin, Nature. 415 (2002) 396–402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Weverka, Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
H. Randell-Moon, R. Tippet, eds., Security, Race, Biopower: Essays on Technology and Corporeality, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D.E. Azagury, D.B. Lautz, Surgical Management of Obesity: Surgical Procedures, Preoperative Evaluation, and Patient Selection, in: C.C. Thompson (Ed.), Bariatric Endoscopy, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, In The Push For Marketable Skills, Are We Forgetting The Beauty And Poetry Of STEM Disciplines?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Automatic Data Processing Problems at the Social Security Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.T. Vas, Orbis pictus: Intermedialität zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei und literarischer Stadterfahrung dargestellt anhand der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann und Wilhelm Raabe, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. Rossellini, The Sphinx: Greta Garbo, New York Times. (1996) 685.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Biopharm.
ISSN (print)0939-6411
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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