How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.R. Taylor, Why can’t planets be like stars?, Nature. 430 (2004) 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.A. Linkenhoker, E.I. Knudsen, Incremental training increases the plasticity of the auditory space map in adult barn owls, Nature. 419 (2002) 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Avitabile, L.D. D’Andrea, A. Romanelli, Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4293.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.B. Hannon, S. Kodambaka, F.M. Ross, R.M. Tromp, The influence of the surface migration of gold on the growth of silicon nanowires, Nature. 440 (2006) 69–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Ginena, A. Hamid, Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
O. Goloubeva, Software-Implemented Hardware Fault Tolerance, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
S.M. Kolk, R.J. Pasterkamp, MICAL Flavoprotein Monooxygenases: Structure, Function and Role in Semaphorin Signaling, in: R.J. Pasterkamp (Ed.), Semaphorins: Receptor and Intracellular Signaling Mechanisms, Springer, New York, NY, 2007: pp. 38–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Cosmic Mystery Solved By Detailed Map Of The Universe, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Digital Television Transition: Questions on the DTV Converter Box Subsidy Program and a DTV Inter-Agency Task Force, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.J. Sumi, Eco-Hydrology Driven Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Simulations over Louisiana, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Fausset, A. Blinder, J. Eligon, Blacks Beg to Differ With Trump’s Depiction, New York Times. (2016) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Biopharm.
ISSN (print)0939-6411
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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