How to format your references using the Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatzes, A. P. (2014). The role of space telescopes in the characterization of transiting exoplanets. Nature, 513(7518), 353–357.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suarez, R. K., & Jones, D. R. (2002). Obituary: Peter W. Hochachka (1937-2002). Nature, 420(6912), 140.
A journal article with 3 authors
Canestrelli, D., Bisconti, R., & Nascetti, G. (2014). Extensive unidirectional introgression between two salamander lineages of ancient divergence and its evolutionary implications. Scientific Reports, 4, 6516.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Siani, G., Paterne, M., Michel, E., Sulpizio, R., Sbrana, A., Arnold, M., & Haddad, G. (2001). Mediterranean Sea surface radiocarbon reservoir age changes since the last glacial maximum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1917–1920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association. (2015). The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Daglis, I. A. (Ed.). (2005). Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure (Vol. 176). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fehdi, C., Nouioua, I., Belfar, D., Djabri, L., & Salameh, E. (2014). Detection of Underground Cavities by Combining Electrical Resistivity Imaging and Ground Penetrating Radar Surveys: A Case Study from Draa Douamis Area (North East of Algeria). In J. Mudry, F. Zwahlen, C. Bertrand, & J. W. LaMoreaux (Eds.), H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology (pp. 69–82). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, April 6). Scientists Create An Artificial Synapse That Can Learn Autonomously. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Gulf War Illnesses: Preliminary Assessment of DOD Plume Modeling for U.S. Troops’ Exposure to Chemical Agents (GAO-03-833T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Almasaari, A. H. (2017). Arab American women’s identity crises in Mohja Kahf’s “The Girl in the Tangerine Scarf” and Laila Halaby’s “West of the Jordan” [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chaban, M. A. V. (2014, April 15). Gefilte Fish Is Scarce This Passover. Taste Buds Are Ambivalent. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatzes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hatzes, 2014; Suarez & Jones, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suarez & Jones, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Canestrelli et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Siani et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education
ISSN (print)0159-6306
ISSN (online)1469-3739
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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