How to format your references using the Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, C. M. (2003). Protein folding and misfolding. Nature, 426(6968), 884–890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen, T., & Kuijpers, A. (2013). Only 5 southern Greenland shelf edge glaciations since the early Pliocene. Scientific Reports, 3, 1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goncharov, A. F., Struzhkin, V. V., & Jacobsen, S. D. (2006). Reduced radiative conductivity of low-spin (Mg,Fe)O in the lower mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1205–1208.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maldonado, R. A., Irvine, D. J., Schreiber, R., & Glimcher, L. H. (2004). A role for the immunological synapse in lineage commitment of CD4 lymphocytes. Nature, 431(7008), 527–532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, D. (2006). Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gaber, M. M. (Ed.). (2012). Journeys to Data Mining: Experiences from 15 Renowned Researchers. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lawson, R. R., & Snow, A. (2016). The Interface of Emergency Department, Oncology, and Palliative Social Work: Psychosocial Interventions in Oncologic Emergencies. In K. H. Todd & C. R. Thomas Jr. (Eds.), Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice (pp. 67–77). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, August 10). This Is What Earth Will Look Like In 100 Years – If We’re Lucky. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Transportation Security Administration’s Office of Intelligence: Responses to Posthearing Questions Regarding Secure Flight (GAO-06-1051R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs, A. D. (2010). The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman, J. (2016, October 9). The Other 1 Percent. New York Times, BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson, 2003; Nielsen & Kuijpers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen & Kuijpers, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Goncharov et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maldonado et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education
ISSN (print)0159-6306
ISSN (online)1469-3739
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Linguistics and Language

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