How to format your references using the Boreal Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Boreal Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haroche S. 2012. The secrets of my prizewinning research. Nature 490: 311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Futahashi R. & Fujiwara H. 2008. Juvenile hormone regulates butterfly larval pattern switches. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
Traag V.A., Krings G. & Van Dooren P. 2013. Significant scales in community structure. Scientific reports 3: 2930.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Artandi S.E., Chang S., Lee S.L., Alson S., Gottlieb G.J., Chin L. & DePinho R.A. 2000. Telomere dysfunction promotes non-reciprocal translocations and epithelial cancers in mice. Nature 406: 641–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prazeres D.M.F. 2011. Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cappabianca P., Cavallo L.M., Divitiis O. de & Esposito F. (eds.). 2016. Midline Skull Base Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Turon A., Costa J., Camanho P.P. & Maimí P. 2008. Analytical and Numerical Investigation of the Length of the Cohesive Zone in Delaminated Composite Materials. In: Dávila C.G., Pinho S.T. & Remmers J.J.C. (eds.), Mechanical Response of Composites, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Boreal Environment Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Drone Quadcopter Explores Volcanic Eruption. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Airline Competition: Issues Raised by Consolidation Proposals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mishne J. 2012. An investigation of the relationships between technology use and teachers’ self-efficacy, knowledge and experience.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) S.K. 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Rebels’ Offer To Talk Brushed Aside. New York Times: A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haroche 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Futahashi and Fujiwara 2008; Haroche 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Futahashi and Fujiwara 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Artandi et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBoreal Environment Research
ISSN (print)1239-6095
ISSN (online)1797-2469

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