How to format your references using the Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Janvier, P., 2015. Facts and fancies about early fossil chordates and vertebrates. Nature 520, 483–489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xi, Y., Chen, D., 2014. Physiology. Partitioning the circadian clock. Science 345, 1122–1123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lönnstedt, O.M., McCormick, M.I., Chivers, D.P., 2013. Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots. Sci. Rep. 3, 2259.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smale, D.A., Brown, K.M., Barnes, D.K.A., Fraser, K.P.P., Clarke, A., 2008. Ice scour disturbance in Antarctic waters. Science 321, 371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hernandez, E.M., Kamal-Eldin, A., 2013. Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Akhgar, B., Bayerl, P.S., Sampson, F. (Eds.), 2016. Open Source Intelligence Investigation: From Strategy to Implementation, Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Usman Akram, M., Khan, A., Iqbal, K., Butt, W.H., 2010. Retinal Images: Optic Disk Localization and Detection, in: Campilho, A., Kamel, M. (Eds.), Image Analysis and Recognition: 7th International Conference, ICIAR 2010, Póvoa de Varzin, Portugal, June 21-23, 2010, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Glass-Based Paint Could Stop Metal Surfaces Getting Too Hot In Sunlight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties (No. GAO-04-700). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, R., 2009. Artistiya: Popular music and personhood in postcolonial Bamako, Mali (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush, G., Shear, M.D., Sullivan, E., 2017. Former General Taking Control At White House. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Janvier, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Janvier, 2015; Xi and Chen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xi and Chen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Smale et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleDigital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)2212-0548

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