How to format your references using the Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, J.-M., 2015. Yves Chauvin (1930-2015). Nature 519, 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bard, E., Rickaby, R.E.M., 2009. Migration of the subtropical front as a modulator of glacial climate. Nature 460, 380–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A.I., Lang, A.S., Suttle, C.A., 2003. High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature 424, 1054–1057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suzuki, S., Shuto, T., Sato, T., Kaneko, M., Takada, T., Suico, M.A., Cyr, D.M., Suzuki, H., Kai, H., 2014. Inhibition of post-translational N-glycosylation by HRD1 that controls the fate of ABCG5/8 transporter. Sci. Rep. 4, 4258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harper, C., 2005. Analytic Methods in Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.), 2010. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Continuation of Residue Reviews. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rubio-Suárez, J.C., 2014. Complex Fractures of the Pelvic Ring, in: Rodríguez-Merchán, E.C., Rubio-Suárez, J.C. (Eds.), Complex Fractures of the Limbs: Diagnosis and Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Is Why You Will Lose Your Argument [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges (No. GAO-09-126). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowell, M.L., 2016. A Case Study into the Perception of World Language Study of All Stakeholders in a Suburban Midwest School District (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2005. New Yorkers in Moscow Follow Stanislavsky’s Path. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basset, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bard and Rickaby, 2009; Basset, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bard and Rickaby, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDigital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)2212-0548

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