How to format your references using the Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicolelis, M.A., 2001. Actions from thoughts. Nature 409, 403–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Younesi, E., Hofmann-Apitius, M., 2013. Biomarker-guided translation of brain imaging into disease pathway models. Sci. Rep. 3, 3375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Viswanathan, S.R., Daley, G.Q., Gregory, R.I., 2008. Selective blockade of microRNA processing by Lin28. Science 320, 97–100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bellott, D.W., Skaletsky, H., Pyntikova, T., Mardis, E.R., Graves, T., Kremitzki, C., Brown, L.G., Rozen, S., Warren, W.C., Wilson, R.K., Page, D.C., 2010. Convergent evolution of chicken Z and human X chromosomes by expansion and gene acquisition. Nature 466, 612–616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flynn, M.J., Luk, W., 2011. Computer System Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Roth-Berghofer, T.R., Schulz, S., Leake, D.B. (Eds.), 2006. Modeling and Retrieval of Context: Second International Workshop, MRC 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 31–August 1, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gyenge, E., 2008. Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol, Ethanol and Formic Acid, in: Zhang, J. (Ed.), PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, London, pp. 165–287.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Humpback Whale Breaches Practically On Top Of Kayakers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties (No. GAO-16-359). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudyal Kharel, A., 2015. Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. The Head Honcho’s Head Honcho. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicolelis, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nicolelis, 2001; Younesi and Hofmann-Apitius, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Younesi and Hofmann-Apitius, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bellott et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDigital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
ISSN (print)2212-0548

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