How to format your references using the Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dholakia K. Journal club. An optical physicist sees beyond fluorescent labels. Nature. 2009;457(7233):1061.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ignés-Mullol J, Schwartz DK. Shear-induced molecular precession in a hexatic Langmuir monolayer. Nature. 2001;410(6826):348-351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Izumikawa T, Sato B, Kitagawa H. Chondroitin sulfate is indispensable for pluripotency and differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3701.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kurpiers P, Magnard P, Walter T, et al. Deterministic quantum state transfer and remote entanglement using microwave photons. Nature. 2018;558(7709):264-267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford JH. 50 Great Myths of Human Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Gu DW. Robust Control Design with MATLAB®. 2nd ed. 2013. (Petkov PH, Konstantinov MM, eds.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Arai T, Harino H. Contamination by Organotin Compounds in Asia. In: Arai T, Harino H, Ohji M, Langston WJ, eds. Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides. Springer Japan; 2009:61-74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Reveal How Our Circadian Clocks Are Reset. IFLScience. Published September 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Software Licenses: Better Management Needed to Achieve Significant Savings Government-Wide. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith JA. Functional Analysis of ESAT-6 and EspB, Two Virulence Proteins Secreted by the ESX-1 System in Mycobacterium Marinum. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scheiber N. Fight for $15 Widens Focus. New York Times. November 29, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine
ISSN (print)2468-4988

Other styles