How to format your references using the Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan H. Companies of all sizes are prospecting for proteins. Nature. 2000;404(6778):684-686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiseman RL, Kelly JW. Cell biology. Phosphatase inhibition delays translational recovery. Science. 2011;332(6025):44-45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu Q, Liu X, Tang D. Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3556.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pilania G, Thijsse BJ, Hoagland RG, Lazić I, Valone SM, Liu X-Y. Revisiting the Al/Al₂O₃ interface: coherent interfaces and misfit accommodation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henden J. Beating Combat Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Zanuttigh P. Time-of-Flight and Structured Light Depth Cameras: Technology and Applications. (Marin G, Dal Mutto C, Dominio F, Minto L, Cortelazzo GM, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mobarek A, Mollah S. Determinants of Market Co-Movement in Developed and Emerging Markets. In: Mollah S, ed. Global Stock Market Integration: Co-Movement, Crises, and Efficiency in Developed and Emerging Markets. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:99-113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mutations In mtDNA May Not Be as Rare or Random as Previously Believed. IFLScience. Published November 12, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Law Enforcement Block Grant Awards. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koonin LM. Acceptability of pharmacies serving as primary dispensers of antiviral drugs during an influenza pandemic: Perspectives of pharmacy executives. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Turns Down Detainees’ Habeas Corpus Case. New York Times. April 3, 2007:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine
ISSN (print)2468-4988

Other styles