How to format your references using the Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopetz H. Renewable resources: Build a biomass energy market. Nature. 2013;494(7435):29-31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emerson BC, Kolm N. Species diversity can drive speciation. Nature. 2005;434(7036):1015-1017.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komarneni S, Kozai N, Paulus WJ. Environment. Superselective clay for radium uptake. Nature. 2001;410(6830):771.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dasgupta S, Rajapakshe K, Zhu B, et al. Metabolic enzyme PFKFB4 activates transcriptional coactivator SRC-3 to drive breast cancer. Nature. 2018;556(7700):249-254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gelbaum BR. Modern Real and Complex Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
Jeschke S, Isenhardt I, Hees F, Henning K, eds. Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2011/2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Saito J-T, Chaslot G, Uiterwijk JWHM, van den Herik HJ. Monte-Carlo Proof-Number Search for Computer Go. In: Herik HJ van D, Ciancarini P, Donkers HHLM (jeroen), eds. Computers and Games: 5th International Conference, CG 2006, Turin, Italy, May 29-31, 2006. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:50-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why The Eastern Coyote Should Be A Separate Species: The “Coywolf’’.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: State and Federal Actions to Curb Slamming and Cramming. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heckman KA. Pedogenesis & carbon dynamics across a lithosequence under ponderosa pine. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Deloureiro L, Burke B, Bretherton G, Stuart C. Harvard Man May Be Winner On Winless Bills. New York Times. October 27, 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine
ISSN (print)2468-4988

Other styles