How to format your references using the Cor et Vasa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cor et Vasa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. Mellman, Private lives: reflections and challenges in understanding the cell biology of the immune system, Science. 317 (2007) 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Baxter, B.P. Dilkes, Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment, Science. 336 (2012) 1661–1663.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.G. Anderson, J.A. Burdick, R. Langer, Materials science. Smart biomaterials, Science. 305 (2004) 1923–1924.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J. Disney, J.D. Romano, D.A. Garcia-Appadoo, A.A. West, J.J. Dalcanton, L. Cortese, Galaxies appear simpler than expected, Nature. 455 (2008) 1082–1084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Storhas, Bioverfahrensentwicklung, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Duan, L. Yan, H. Li, X. Yang, eds., Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
A.G.-E.-D. Fahmy, M.M.A. El-Ghani, Palaeo-Ecological Aspects of Farafra Oasis (Egyptian Sabkha) During the Mid-Neolithic Period (7130–6190 BP): A Multivariate Analysis, in: M. Öztürk, B. Böer, H.-J. Barth, M. Clüsener-Godt, M.A. Khan, S.-W. Breckle (Eds.), Sabkha Ecosystems: Volume III: Africa and Southern Europe, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cor et Vasa.

Blog post
T. Hale, Scientists Made A Lego Maze To See How Groups Of Ants Coordinate, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The President’s Decision to Order a Chinese Company’s Divestiture of a Recently Acquired U.S. Aircraft Parts Manufacturer, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.A. Carey, Assessing the presence of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus in reclaimed water used for spray irrigation, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Roach, Not an Accident, New York Times. (2016) BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCor et Vasa
AbbreviationCor Vasa
ISSN (print)0010-8650
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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