How to format your references using the Cor et Vasa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cor et Vasa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.C. Solomon, Planetary science. Hot news on Mercury’s core, Science. 316 (2007) 702–703.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Vijg, J. Campisi, Puzzles, promises and a cure for ageing, Nature. 454 (2008) 1065–1071.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Sambarey, K. Prashanthi, N. Chandra, Mining large-scale response networks reveals “topmost activities” in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.T. Dyhrman, P.D. Chappell, S.T. Haley, J.W. Moffett, E.D. Orchard, J.B. Waterbury, E.A. Webb, Phosphonate utilization by the globally important marine diazotroph Trichodesmium, Nature. 439 (2006) 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Hein, W. Kunze, Umweltanalytik mit Spektrometrie und Chromatographie, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
A. Eichler, Empirical Research in Statistics Education, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Erverdi, M. Motro, Distraction with Custom-Made Appliances on a Straight Vector, in: M. Motro (Ed.), Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis: ArchWise Appliance and Technique, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cor et Vasa.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Your Date Of Birth Says About Your Personality, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools’ Modernization Program Faces Major Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Braynen, Beyond Price Signaling: Choice, Information and Justice, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Detainee Case Hits on Limits Of Presidency, New York Times. (2006) A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCor et Vasa
AbbreviationCor Vasa
ISSN (print)0010-8650
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles