How to format your references using the Current Hepatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koenig R. Profile. South Africa’s bone man: 80 and still digging into the past. Science. 2005;310:608–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Campins H, Comfort CM. Solar system: Evaporating asteroid. Nature. 2014;505:487–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haerizadeh F, Singh MB, Bhalla PL. Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science. 2006;313:496–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kirk EC, Cartmill M, Kay RF, Lemelin P. Comment on “Grasping primate origins.” Science. 2003;300:741; author reply 741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mashadi B, Crolla D. Vehicle Powertrain Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Singh AK, Agarwal R, editors. Core Concepts in Hypertension in Kidney Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tian J, Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y. The Concept and Research Progress of MAS. In: Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y, editors. Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 179–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Human Impacts Cheating Ecosystem’s Chances Of Surviving Warming. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Becker M. Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Neal L. Quotation of the Day. New York Times. 2010 Apr 7;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2195-9595

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