How to format your references using the Current Hepatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chou C-P. Network robustness: detecting topological quantum phases. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7526.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lowrance WW, Collins FS. Ethics. Identifiability in genomic research. Science. 2007;317:600–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jackson BA, Bikson TK, Gunn PP. Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict. Science. 2013;340:434–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Briggs SD, Xiao T, Sun Z-W, Caldwell JA, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF, et al. Gene silencing: trans-histone regulatory pathway in chromatin. Nature. 2002;418:498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown MA, Kaplan L. The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Handler C, Cleman M, editors. Classic Papers in Coronary Angioplasty. London: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Draszawka K, Szymański J, Guerra F. Improving css-KNN Classification Performance by Shifts in Training Data. In: Cardoso J, Guerra F, Houben G-J, Pinto AM, Velegrakis Y, editors. Semantic Keyword-based Search on Structured Data Sources: First COST Action IC1302 International KEYSTONE Conference, IKC 2015, Coimbra, Portugal, September 8-9, 2015 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Caffeine May Reduce Stress – But It Won’t Solve Your Problems [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Cincinnati Airport Bond Issue]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jun. Report No.: B-247969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gomez VA. La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Offended Fan Wants Ashe Statue Moved. New York Times. 2000 Sep 2;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2195-9595

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