How to format your references using the Current Hepatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Allen KA. Geochemistry: When carbon escaped from the sea. Nature. 2015;518:176–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Allan RP, Soden BJ. Atmospheric warming and the amplification of precipitation extremes. Science. 2008;321:1481–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thompson JK, Peterson MR, Freeman RD. Single-neuron activity and tissue oxygenation in the cerebral cortex. Science. 2003;299:1070–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gupta S, Hadzibabic Z, Zwierlein MW, Stan CA, Dieckmann K, Schunck CH, et al. Radio-frequency spectroscopy of ultracold fermions. Science. 2003;300:1723–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ciana P. New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Condon A, Harel D, Kok JN, Salomaa A, Winfree E, editors. Algorithmic Bioprocesses. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Treece G, Lindop J, Gee A, Prager R. Near-Real-Time 3D Ultrasonic Strain Imaging. In: Akiyama I, editor. Acoustical Imaging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Taub B. British Politicians Say There Is Strong Evidence For Legalizing Medical Marijuana [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/british-politicians-say-strong-evidence-legalizing-medical-marijuana/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Better Information Needed on Agencies’ Implementation of the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Sep. Report No.: GAO-01-1100.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jaffer S. Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Son of Sam Detective Realized ‘This Has Got to Be the Guy.’ New York Times. 2017 Aug 6;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2195-9595
ScopeVirology
Hepatology

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