How to format your references using the Current Hepatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Vogel G. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY: Brain Cells Turning Over a New Leaf. Science. 2000;289:1666a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Van Roy P, Briggs DEG. A giant Ordovician anomalocaridid. Nature. 2011;473:510–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Borys NJ, Shafran E, Lupton JM. Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fu X-X, Zhang R-Q, Zhang G-P, Li Z-L. Rectifying properties of oligo(phenylene ethynylene) heterometallic molecular junctions: molecular length and side group effects. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Yevick D, Yevick H. Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Fischer-Hübner S, Lambrinoudakis C, Pernul G, editors. Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 6th International Conference, TrustBus 2009, Linz, Austria, September 3-4, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sosík P. Active Membranes, Proteins on Membranes, Tissue P Systems: Complexity-Related Issues and Challenges. In: Alhazov A, Cojocaru S, Gheorghe M, Rogozhin Y, Rozenberg G, Salomaa A, editors. Membrane Computing: 14th International Conference, CMC 2013, Chişinău, Republic of Moldova, August 20-23, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 40–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Rosetta Watches A Rare Outburst From Comet 67P [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/rosetta-watches-a-rare-outburst-from-comet-67p/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. International School Feeding: USDA’s Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 May. Report No.: GAO-11-544.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Romer C. WhatsUpDoc: A Patient Portal Technology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Turn Up a Lament to Sing Twice. New York Times. 2017 Jun 5;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2195-9595
ScopeVirology
Hepatology

Other styles