How to format your references using the Current Hepatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lavington S. Obituary: Tom Kilburn (1921-2001). Nature. 2001;409:996.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nitzan A, Ratner MA. Electron transport in molecular wire junctions. Science. 2003;300:1384–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Perrin RJ, Fagan AM, Holtzman DM. Multimodal techniques for diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Nature. 2009;461:916–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Watson AJ, Bakker DC, Ridgwell AJ, Boyd PW, Law CS. Effect of iron supply on Southern Ocean CO2 uptake and implications for glacial atmospheric CO2. Nature. 2000;407:730–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Randall JF. Designing Indoor Solar Products. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Berbari AE, Mancia G, editors. Special Issues in Hypertension. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Maderich V, Brovchenko I, Terletska K, Hutter K. Numerical Simulations of the Nonhydrostatic Transformation of Basin-Scale Internal Gravity Waves and Wave-Enhanced Meromixis in Lakes. In: Hutter K, editor. Nonlinear Internal Waves in Lakes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 193–276.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Chimpanzee Thievery Caught On Film. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: VA Actions to Improve Management of Information Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-89-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Greene AE. An Inquiry into Workplace Incivility: Perceptions of Working Graduate Students [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Poniewozik J. Fox News Is Fixing For a Fight At Night. New York Times. 2017 May 3;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2195-9595

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