How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scudellari M. Drug development: Mix and match. Nature. 2015 May 14;521(7551):S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmer P, Wrachtrup J. Physics. Where is my quantum computer? Science. 2009 Apr 24;324(5926):473–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck AL, Turner SM, Liss PS. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science. 2002 Aug 16;297(5584):1151–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chiu YL, Soros VB, Kreisberg JF, Stopak K, Yonemoto W, Greene WC. Cellular APOBEC3G restricts HIV-1 infection in resting CD4+ T cells. Nature. 2005 May 5;435(7038):108–14.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khatib T, Elmenreich W. Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Allan K, Capone A, Kecskes I, editors. Pragmemes and Theories of Language Use. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXIV, 910 p. 45 illus. (Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology; vol. 9).
A chapter in an edited book
Brown CT, Liebovitch LS, Glendon R. Hunter–Gatherers Optimize Their Foraging Patterns Using Lévy Flights. In: Bates DG, Tucker J, editors. Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Luntz S. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. Volcanic Eruptions Cooled Oceans For Centuries.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NTSB Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 May. Report No.: T-RCED-87-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornelius J. Five Minute Meditation Used to Impact Workplace Meetings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard A, Gordon MR. Aid Convoy Is Hit in Syria as Cease-Fire Falters and Bombings Resume. New York Times. 2016 Sep 19;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Urology
AbbreviationCent. European J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2080-4806
ISSN (online)2080-4873
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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