How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Painter PR. Rivers, blood and transportation networks. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):159; discussion 160.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Downing AL, Leibold MA. Ecosystem consequences of species richness and composition in pond food webs. Nature. 2002 Apr 25;416(6883):837–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fernandes CC, Podos J, Lundberg JG. Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science. 2004 Sep 24;305(5692):1960–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liu L, Botos I, Wang Y, Leonard JN, Shiloach J, Segal DM, et al. Structural basis of toll-like receptor 3 signaling with double-stranded RNA. Science. 2008 Apr 18;320(5874):379–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Charalambides CA. Discrete q-Distributions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Barbosa LS, Lumpe M, editors. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. X, 305 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6921).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mubayi D, Verstraëte J. A survey of Turán problems for expansions. In: Beveridge A, Griggs JR, Hogben L, Musiker G, Tetali P, editors. Recent Trends in Combinatorics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 117–43. (The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Urology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Some Corals are Already Adapting to Warmer Oceans. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Information Systems Remain Highly Vulnerable to Fraudulent, Wasteful, Abusive, and Illegal Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Apr. Report No.: MASAD-82-18.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Faughn CE. Social and Physical Cognition in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes ): Preliminary Investigation of Domain-General versus Domain-Specific Intelligence [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lipton E, Protess B, Lehren AW. Blue-Red Split: From Capitol To 18th Green. New York Times. 2017 Sep 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Urology
AbbreviationCent. European J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2080-4806
ISSN (online)2080-4873
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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