How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho T-L. PHYSICS. Arrival of the fermion superfluid. Science. 2004 Aug 20;305(5687):1114–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciesla FJ, Sandford SA. Organic synthesis via irradiation and warming of ice grains in the solar nebula. Science. 2012 Apr 27;336(6080):452–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao S, Chan VT, Merzenich MM. Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons. Nature. 2001 Jul 5;412(6842):79–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen L, Jiao Z-H, Zheng L-S, Zhang Y-Y, Xie S-T, Wang Z-X, et al. Structural insight into the autoinhibition mechanism of AMP-activated protein kinase. Nature. 2009 Jun 25;459(7250):1146–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul CR. Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Billinton R, Karki R, Verma AK, editors. Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013. XIV, 128 p. (Reliable and Sustainable Electric Power and Energy Systems Management).
A chapter in an edited book
Stein NR, Ribeiro LT. Pediatric Neuroimaging. In: Scheinemann K, Bouffet E, editors. Pediatric Neuro-oncology. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 13–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Taub B. New Drug Reported To Be 10,000 Times Stronger Than Morphine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Communications: Vulnerabilities Remain and Limited Collaboration and Monitoring Hamper Federal Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jun. Report No.: GAO-09-604.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perry EM. Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hammond MS. The Art of Passing for Them. New York Times. 2013 Aug 18;BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Urology
AbbreviationCent. European J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2080-4806
ISSN (online)2080-4873
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles