How to format your references using the Central European Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central European Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Streicker DG. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. From persistence to cross-species emergence of a viral zoonosis. Science. 2013 Dec 6;342(6163):1185–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin Y, Zhang Z. Mean first-passage time for maximal-entropy random walks in complex networks. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 20;4:5365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollack SE, Dries D, Hulet RG. Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science. 2009 Dec 18;326(5960):1683–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown RH, Soderblom LA, Soderblom JM, Clark RN, Jaumann R, Barnes JW, et al. The identification of liquid ethane in Titan’s Ontario Lacus. Nature. 2008 Jul 31;454(7204):607–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armajani J. Modern Islamist Movements. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Leung H, Popescu E, Cao Y, Lau RWH, Nejdl W, editors. Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XIV, 334 p. 98 illus., 79 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7048).
A chapter in an edited book
Mihara H, Hayashi Y, Yamamoto M. Performance Evaluation of Fairness between High-Speed TCPs in Wireless Environment. In: Guyot V, editor. Advanced Infocomm Technology: 5th IEEE International Conference, ICAIT 2012, Paris, France, July 25-27, 2012 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 5–15. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central European Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Fallstreak holes, aka Hole Punch Clouds [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Use of Emergency Orders to Revoke or Suspend Operating Certificates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Aug. Report No.: T-RCED-98-253.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook EJ. Older Americans Act of 1965, Title III: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Pilon M. Concern Raised Over Painkiller’s Use in Sports. New York Times. 2012 Apr 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral European Journal of Urology
AbbreviationCent. European J. Urol.
ISSN (print)2080-4806
ISSN (online)2080-4873
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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