How to format your references using the Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gursky H. X-ray astronomy-40 years on. Science 2002;297:1485–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Maser RS, DePinho RA. Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science 2002;297:565–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gerber LR, Hyrenbach KD, Zacharias MA. Ecology. Do the largest protected areas conserve whales or whalers? Science 2005;307:525–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lu W, Ridgwell A, Thomas E, Hardisty DS, Luo G, Algeo TJ, et al. Late inception of a resiliently oxygenated upper ocean. Science 2018;361:174–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Leis JW. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Willatzen M. The k p Method: Electronic Properties of Semiconductors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Stephens FO, Aigner KR. Signs of Cancer: Local and General. In: Aigner KR, editor. Basics of Oncology, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 53–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Ancient Two-Faced Fish Suggests Our Ancestor Wasn’t Shark-Like. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Airline Industry Contraction Due to Volatile Fuel Prices and Falling Demand Affects Airports, Passengers, and Federal Government Revenues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wetherington JM. The relationship between learning organization dimensions and performance in the nonprofit sector. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Clarey C. Williams Avoids Opening-Round Stumble, Overcoming a Tough Young Foe. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationDiabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)0168-8227
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles