How to format your references using the Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pearce JM. Materials science. Building research equipment with free, open-source hardware. Science 2012;337:1303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Frey P, Church M. Geophysics. How river beds move. Science 2009;325:1509–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Umemoto K, Wentzcovitch RM, Allen PB. Dissociation of MgSiO3 in the cores of gas giants and terrestrial exoplanets. Science 2006;311:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yang J, Zhang Z, Roe SM, Marshall CJ, Barford D. Activation of Rho GTPases by DOCK exchange factors is mediated by a nucleotide sensor. Science 2009;325:1398–402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bartley T. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Maltoni D. Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Weeks SR, Tsao JW. Sports Concussion. In: Tsao JW, editor. Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 89–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Cuba Has A Lung Cancer Vaccine, And Now It Could Be Coming To The USA. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cuba-and-us-lung-cancer-vaccine-collaboration/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Purdy DW. Identifying Shallow Foundation Failure Modes and Mechanisms Using Surveillance of a Transparent Granular Soil Surrogate. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Tate J. The Afterlife. New York Times 2017:MM17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationDiabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)0168-8227
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles