How to format your references using the Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dalton R. Older women scientists fight USGS over layoffs. US Geological Survey. Nature 2000;404:219.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Premkumar LS, Ahern GP. Induction of vanilloid receptor channel activity by protein kinase C. Nature 2000;408:985–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Delhase M, Li N, Karin M. Kinase regulation in inflammatory response. Nature 2000;406:367–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Grima B, Lamouroux A, Chélot E, Papin C, Limbourg-Bouchon B, Rouyer F. The F-box protein slimb controls the levels of clock proteins period and timeless. Nature 2002;420:178–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lacava A, Bogucki J, Bedrytski A, de Detrich M, Neil B. Professional Scala. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Conneely O, Otto C, editors. Progestins and the Mammary Gland: From Basic Science to Clinical Applications. vol. 2007/1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Capitelli M, Colonna G, D’Angola A. Atomic Partition Function. In: Colonna G, D’Angola A, editors. Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics: Thermodynamics, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Digital Metamaterials Get Us Closer to Invisibility Cloaks. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Van Vlack KA. Puaxant tuvip: Powerlands Southern Paiute cultural landscapes and pilgrimage trails. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. New Routine Becomes an Exercise in Bonding: Stretch, Share, Hug. New York Times 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
AbbreviationDiabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)0168-8227
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles