How to format your references using the Internet of Things citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet of Things. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Engheta, Applied physics. Antenna-guided light, Science. 334 (2011) 317–318.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.G. Prejean, M.M. Haney, Geophysics. Shaking up volcanoes, Science. 345 (2014) 39.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Abundo, C. Monterola, E.F. Legara, Criticality of forcing directions on the fragmentation and resilience of grid networks, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Barthes, A. Bouhelier, A. Dereux, G. Colas des Francs, Coupling of a dipolar emitter into one-dimensional surface plasmon, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Sundararajan, Discretewavelet Transform, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2015.
An edited book
C. Sun, F. Fang, Z.-H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z.-Y. Liu, eds., Intelligence Science and Big Data Engineering: 4th International Conference, IScIDE 2013, Beijing, China, July 31 – August 2, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Zhang, S. Platnick, A.S. Ackerman, H.-M. Cho, Spectral dependence of MODIS cloud droplet effective radius retrievals for marine boundary layer clouds, in: A.A. Kokhanovsky (Ed.), Light Scattering Reviews 9: Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 135–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet of Things.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Do We Really Need To Do Five Times As Much Exercise As We’ve Been Told?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Advanced Reactor Research: DOE Supports Multiple Technologies, but Actions Needed to Ensure a Prototype Is Built, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Kong, Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Chapman, B. Vlasic, Strong Domestic Sales Help Lift Chrysler’s Results, New York Times. (2012) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet of Things
ISSN (print)2542-6605

Other styles