How to format your references using the Contraception citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goldston D. Mean what you say. Nature 2009;458:563.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Salzman H, Lowell L. Making the grade. Nature 2008;453:28–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mutanen M, Kaila L, Tabell J. Wide-ranging barcoding aids discovery of one-third increase of species richness in presumably well-investigated moths. Sci Rep 2013;3:2901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sharghi-Namini S, Tan E, Ong L-LS, Ge R, Asada HH. Dll4-containing exosomes induce capillary sprout retraction in a 3D microenvironment. Sci Rep 2014;4:4031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mesterton-Gibbons M. A Concrete Approach to Mathematical Modelling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Barnett GH, editor. High-Grade Gliomas: Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Braun CB, Grande T. Evolution of Peripheral Mechanisms for the Enhancement of Sound Reception. In: Webb JF, Fay RR, Popper AN, editors. Fish Bioacoustics: With 81 Illustrations, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 99–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Most Countries Need To At Least Double Their Efforts On Climate: Study. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/most-countries-need-least-double-their-efforts-climate-study/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Montana’s Medical Assistance Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dubin-Thaler BJ. Evidence for hierarchical control of conserved, discrete motility types in crawling motility. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. With a New Western Arrival, Moscow Rocks. New York Times 1998:235.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception
AbbreviationContraception
ISSN (print)0010-7824
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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