How to format your references using the Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wynne, C. D. L. (2004). Animal behaviour: fair refusal by capuchin monkeys. Nature 428, 140; discussion 140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yurtsever, A., and Zewail, A. H. (2009). 4D nanoscale diffraction observed by convergent-beam ultrafast electron microscopy. Science 326, 708–712.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beatty, C. D., Beirinckx, K., and Sherratt, T. N. (2004). The evolution of müllerian mimicry in multispecies communities. Nature 431, 63–66.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ishimura, S., Furuhashi, M., Mita, T., Fuseya, T., Watanabe, Y., Hoshina, K., et al. (2014). Reduction of endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibits neointima formation after vascular injury. Sci. Rep. 4, 6943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villalta, T. (2012). The Large-Cap Portfolio. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vuyst, P. D., and Gevenois, P. A. eds. (2006). Imaging of Occupational and Environmental Disorders of the Chest. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen, T. C. (2012). “Lung Cancer Stem Cells,” in Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer Molecular Pathology Library., eds. P. T. Cagle, T. C. Allen, M. B. Beasley, L. R. Chirieac, S. Dacic, A. C. Borczuk, et al. (New York, NY: Springer), 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Shape Of A Woman’s Vagina Can Seriously Impact Her Sex Life, According To A New Study. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Government’s Efforts To Standardize Data Elements and Codes for Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razo, S. I. (2009). Parenting practices of Latina mothers and children’s behavior outcomes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., and Grynbaum, M. M. (2016). Fox News, in Naming Leaders, Sends Signal: ‘Stay the Course.’ New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wynne, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Wynne, 2004; Yurtsever and Zewail, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yurtsever and Zewail, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishimura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Mitochondrial Research
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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