How to format your references using the Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramer, A. (2015). Circadian rhythms. When the circadian clock becomes blind. Science 347, 476–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baron, C. L., and Malhotra, V. (2002). Role of diacylglycerol in PKD recruitment to the TGN and protein transport to the plasma membrane. Science 295, 325–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S., Yuzenkova, Y., and Zenkin, N. (2013). Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science 340, 1577–1580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dymond, J. S., Richardson, S. M., Coombes, C. E., Babatz, T., Muller, H., Annaluru, N., et al. (2011). Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design. Nature 477, 471–476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle, F. (2003). Frequency Standards. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kanosue, K., Nagami, T., and Tsuchiya, J. eds. (2015). Sports Performance. 1st ed. 2015. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebestik, J. (2011). “Otto Neurath’s Epistemology and Its Paradoxes,” in Otto Neurath and the Unity of Science, eds. J. Symons, O. Pombo, and J. M. Torres (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Carbon Emissions In The UK The Lowest Since 1894. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, S. S. (2013). Professionals’ perceptions of effective interventions with elderly hoarders.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Montague, J. (2017). Caution: Team Under Construction. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramer, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Baron and Malhotra, 2002; Kramer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baron and Malhotra, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dymond et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Mitochondrial Research
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
ScopePhysiology
Physiology (medical)

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