How to format your references using the Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2000). Safety concerns force NASA to condemn satellite to fiery end. Nature 404, 423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreft, H., and Jetz, W. (2013). Comment on “An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world.” Science 341, 343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Z.-X., Lan, H., and Ji, W. (2014). Role of the dispersion force in modeling the interfacial properties of molecule-metal interfaces: adsorption of thiophene on copper surfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 5036.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Steel, G. J., Fullerton, D. M., Tyson, J. R., and Stirling, C. J. (2004). Coordinated activation of Hsp70 chaperones. Science 303, 98–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jelaska, D. (2012). Gears and Gear Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Siebentritt, S., and Rau, U. eds. (2006). Wide-Gap Chalcopyrites. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
d’Andréa-Novel, B., and De Lara, M. (2013). “Continuous-Time Linear Dynamical Systems,” in Control Theory for Engineers: A Primer, ed. M. De Lara (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 97–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Mitochondrial Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Australia’s ‘Other’ Reef Is Worth More Than $10 Billion A Year - But Have You Heard Of It? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). National Transportation Safety Board: Preliminary Observations on the Value of Comprehensive Planning, and Greater Use of Leading Practices and the Training Academy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deshpande, A. S. (2009). Efficient idempotent methods for optimal control.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017). Trump’s ‘Carnage’ Label Misses Complex Reality of Many Urban Areas. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kreft and Jetz, 2013; Reichhardt, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kreft and Jetz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Steel et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Mitochondrial Research
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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