How to format your references using the Developmental and Comparative Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental and Comparative Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, J., 2011. Behavior. Empathy and the laws of affect. Science 334, 1358–1359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pienitz, R., Vincent, W.F., 2000. Effect of climate change relative to ozone depletion on UV exposure in subarctic lakes. Nature 404, 484–487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dandekar, A.A., Chugani, S., Greenberg, E.P., 2012. Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science 338, 264–266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peltzer, N., Darding, M., Montinaro, A., Draber, P., Draberova, H., Kupka, S., Rieser, E., Fisher, A., Hutchinson, C., Taraborrelli, L., Hartwig, T., Lafont, E., Haas, T.L., Shimizu, Y., Böiers, C., Sarr, A., Rickard, J., Alvarez-Diaz, S., Ashworth, M.T., Beal, A., Enver, T., Bertin, J., Kaiser, W., Strasser, A., Silke, J., Bouillet, P., Walczak, H., 2018. LUBAC is essential for embryogenesis by preventing cell death and enabling haematopoiesis. Nature 557, 112–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, A., 2014. Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kagan, V., 2013. Sentiment Analysis for PTSD Signals, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Chung, M.K., Shen, L., Dalton, K.M., Davidson, R.J., 2006. Multi-scale Voxel-Based Morphometry Via Weighted Spherical Harmonic Representation, in: Yang, G.-Z., Jiang, T., Shen, D., Gu, L., Yang, J. (Eds.), Medical Imaging and Augmented Reality: Third International Workshop, Shanghai, China, August 17-18, 2006 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental and Comparative Immunology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Lions Roam Rwanda Again After a 15-Year Absence [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lions-roam-rwanda-again-after-15-year-absence/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Aviation Weather: Services at Key Aviation Facilities Lack Performance Measures, but Improvement Efforts Are Under Way (No. GAO-08-491T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug, J.J., 2010. A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Lana Del Rey Tops Delayed Billboard Chart. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Panksepp, 2011; Pienitz and Vincent, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pienitz and Vincent, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Peltzer et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
AbbreviationDev. Comp. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0145-305X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Immunology

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