How to format your references using the Design Automation for Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Design Automation for Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ezawa M (2013) High spin-Chern insulators with magnetic order. Sci Rep 3:3435
A journal article with 2 authors
Hillaire-Marcel C, de Vernal A (2008) Comment on “Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal delta18O approach.” Science 320:1161; author reply 1161
A journal article with 3 authors
Bilham R, Gaur VK, Molnar P (2001) Earthquakes. Himalayan seismic hazard. Science 293:1442–1444
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Harman TC, Taylor PJ, Walsh MP, LaForge BE (2002) Quantum dot superlattice thermoelectric materials and devices. Science 297:2229–2232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Phillips P, Pulliam A (2014) Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Finucane J, Feener RM (2014) Proselytizing and the Limits of Religious Pluralism in Contemporary Asia. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath N, Monsuez B, Barkaoui K (2014) A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata. In: Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH (eds) Integration of Reusable Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Design Automation for Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) New Research Shows How The Iron Curtain Blocked The Spread Of HIV To The East. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Mass Transit: Challenges in Securing Transit Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harper T (2010) Going public, staying private, and everything in between. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donadio R (2017) Russian Artist to Seek Asylum in France. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDesign Automation for Embedded Systems
AbbreviationDes. Autom. Embed. Syst.
ISSN (print)0929-5585
ISSN (online)1572-8080
ScopeHardware and Architecture

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