How to format your references using the Design Automation for Embedded Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Design Automation for Embedded Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu J (2007) China tightens up. Nature 448:636–637
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoennessen M, Sherrill B (2011) From isotopes to the stars. Nature 473:25–26
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshizawa M, Tamura M, Fujita M (2006) Diels-alder in aqueous molecular hosts: unusual regioselectivity and efficient catalysis. Science 312:251–254
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Alsdorf DE, Melack JM, Dunne T, et al (2000) Interferometric radar measurements of water level changes on the Amazon flood plain. Nature 404:174–177

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen S, Huang P (2011) Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Lakshmibai V (2015) The Grassmannian Variety: Geometric and Representation-Theoretic Aspects, 1st ed. 2015. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (2012) Sprogteknologisk Støtte Til Dansk. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) The Danish Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 14–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Design Automation for Embedded Systems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Water-Saving Tap Makes Pretty Patterns. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefania S (2017) From Italian American Icon to Working Class Hero: Perspectives on Pietro di Donato’s “Christ in Concrete.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) An Attack’s Fresh Resonance. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDesign Automation for Embedded Systems
AbbreviationDes. Autom. Embed. Syst.
ISSN (print)0929-5585
ISSN (online)1572-8080
ScopeHardware and Architecture

Other styles