How to format your references using the Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pusey, P.N., 2005. Physics. Freezing and melting: action at grain boundaries. Science 309, 1198–1199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nutman, A.P., Friend, C.R.L., 2007. Comment on “A vestige of Earth’s oldest ophiolite.” Science 318, 746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiser, M.J., Ribeck, N., Lenski, R.E., 2013. Long-term dynamics of adaptation in asexual populations. Science 342, 1364–1367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beloqui, A., Guazzaroni, M.E., Pazos, F., Vieites, J.M., Godoy, M., Golyshina, O.V., Chernikova, T.N., Waliczek, A., Silva-Rocha, R., Al-Ramahi, Y., La Cono, V., Mendez, C., Salas, J.A., Solano, R., Yakimov, M.M., Timmis, K.N., Golyshin, P.N., Ferrer, M., 2010. Retraction. Science 330, 912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henden, J., 2011. Beating Combat Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Saito, T., Yamashita, J., Oka, Y., Ishiwatari, Y. (Eds.), 2011. Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Krauss, W., 2015. Anthropology in the Anthropocene: Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Interdisciplinary Research, in: Greschke, H., Tischler, J. (Eds.), Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Artificial Intelligence Can Accurately Predict Patients Most At Risk Of Heart Failure [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Supplemental Student Loans: Legislative Changes Have Sharply Reduced Loan Volume (No. HRD-90-149FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arntson, J.D., 2015. Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2000. Higher Profile for a Little-Known Foundation. New York Times 14WC8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pusey, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Nutman and Friend, 2007; Pusey, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nutman and Friend, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Beloqui et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Biology
AbbreviationDev. Biol.
ISSN (print)0012-1606
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles