How to format your references using the Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk JB. Social components of fitness in primate groups. Science. 2007 Sep 7;317(5843):1347–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell GI, Polonsky KS. Diabetes mellitus and genetically programmed defects in beta-cell function. Nature. 2001 Dec 13;414(6865):788–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang TJ, Carpenter D, Kesselheim AS. Target small firms for antibiotic innovation. Science. 2014 May 30;344(6187):967–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sutton MD, Briggs DE, Siveter DJ, Siveter DJ. An exceptionally preserved vermiform mollusc from the Silurian of England. Nature. 2001 Mar 22;410(6827):461–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau E, Adali T. Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Gervais DA, Sabharwal T, editors. Interventional Radiology Procedures in Biopsy and Drainage. London: Springer; 2011. XIV, 199 p. 62 illus., 8 illus. in color. (Techniques in Interventional Radiology).
A chapter in an edited book
Choi Y-K, Kim C-H, Ahn J-H, Kim J-Y, Kim S. Dielectric Detection Using Biochemical Assays. In: Issadore D, Westervelt RM, editors. Point-of-Care Diagnostics on a Chip. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 97–123. (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde.

Blog post
Luntz S. Giant 17 Million Year Old Sperm Found Preserved [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Burden Sharing: Allied Protection of Ships in the Persian Gulf in 1987 and 1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-90-282BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen G. Essays On Using Weather Derivatives In Dairy Production [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton E, Barringer F, Walsh MW. Flood Insurance, Already Fragile, Faces New Stress. New York Times. 2012 Nov 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde
ISSN (print)1381-4842

Other styles