How to format your references using the Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cramer P. Molecular biology. Self-correcting messages. Science. 2006 Jul 28;313(5786):447–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nix P, Bastiani M. Neuroscience. Heterochronic genes turn back the clock in old neurons. Science. 2013 Apr 19;340(6130):282–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akbarzadeh A, Qiu C-W, Danner AJ. Exploiting design freedom in biaxial dielectrics to enable spatially overlapping optical instruments. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2055.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ludwig M, Sabatier N, Bull PM, Landgraf R, Dayanithi G, Leng G. Intracellular calcium stores regulate activity-dependent neuropeptide release from dendrites. Nature. 2002 Jul 4;418(6893):85–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Engle CR, Quagrainie KK, Dey MM. Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Bilimoria P, Hemmingsen M, editors. Comparative Philosophy and J.L. Shaw. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. X, 279 p. 20 illus. (Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures; vol. 13).
A chapter in an edited book
Andreopoulos B, An A, Wang X. Hierarchical Density-Based Clustering of Categorical Data and a Simplification. In: Zhou Z-H, Li H, Yang Q, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 11th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2007, Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 11–22. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde.

Blog post
Andrews R. Number Of Super Powerful Typhoons Has “Doubled Or Even Tripled” Since 1970s [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-285.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caprile JA. The geochemical influence of trace element concentrations from marine sedimentary bedrock on freshwater streams in the western Transverse Mountain Ranges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Where Everybody Knows Your Name (and Dad’s). New York Times. 2017 May 14;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTijdschrift voor Nucleaire Geneeskunde
ISSN (print)1381-4842

Other styles